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Axon Models

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The Axon model simulates the equations and parameters derived from experiments by Hodgkin and Huxley on the squid giant axon. Because of the exact correspondence between the equations incorporated ... More


Equations Underlying the Axon Models

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0019
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The Axon models present the fundamental concepts that underlie the generation and propagation of the nerve impulses. This chapter includes a complete list of the equations that describe the ... More


Electric Fields of the Brain: The neurophysics of EEG

Paul L. Nunez and Ramesh Srinivasan

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195050387
eISBN:
9780199865673
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195050387.001.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

This text is the second edition of this book. It expands the widely acclaimed 1981 book, filling more gaps between EEG and the physical sciences. EEG opens a “window on the mind” by finding new ... More


Introduction

Roger D. Roger and Miles A. Whittington

in Cortical Oscillations in Health and Disease

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195342796
eISBN:
9780199776276
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195342796.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems, Development

In a previous monograph, the authors described an experimental model of the 40 Hz oscillations produced in vivo by visual stimulation. The model involved tetanic stimulation of one or two sites in a ... More


Electrons and Phonons: The Theory of Transport Phenomena in Solids

J.M. Ziman

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507796
eISBN:
9780191709937
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507796.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book is a study of the theory of electrical and thermal conduction in metals, semiconductors, and insulators. The basic ideas of crystal lattice dynamics, electron zone structure, and transport ... More


LATTICE CONDUCTION

J. M. Ziman

in Electrons and Phonons: The Theory of Transport Phenomena in Solids

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198507796
eISBN:
9780191709937
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507796.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter begins with a discussion of the thermal conduction of insulators. It then discusses the calculation of the Umklapp resistance, the problem of long longitudinal waves, theory of ... More


Basis of the Nerve Impulse

W. Otto Friesen and Jonathon A. Friesen

in NeuroDynamix II: Concepts of Neurophysiology Illustrated by Computer Simulations

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195371833
eISBN:
9780199865178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195371833.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The rapid conduction of signals by neurons over distances greater than about 1 mm occurs almost exclusively by electrical impulses. This chapter presents the fundamental concepts that underlie the ... More


Basic neuromuscular properties

Daniel Kernell

in The Motoneurone and its Muscle Fibres

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526551
eISBN:
9780191723896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526551.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This is a tutorial chapter, mainly aiming to introduce the neuromuscular system. Treated items include basic aspects of skeletal muscle and peripheral axon physiology, principles of sensory and motor ... More


Motoneurones: morphology, cytology, and topographical organization

Daniel Kernell

in The Motoneurone and its Muscle Fibres

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198526551
eISBN:
9780191723896
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526551.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter describes the morphology of individual gamma and (mainly) alpha motoneurones as well as the composition and localization of motoneuronal populations (pools) innervating different muscles ... More


Physical Aspects and Applications of Hyperbolic Thermoelasticity

Józef Ignaczak and Martin Ostoja‐Starzewski

in Thermoelasticity with Finite Wave Speeds

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199541645
eISBN:
9780191716164
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199541645.003.0012
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

This chapter first provides a brief review of several other theories, all classified as generalized thermoelasticity and due to Green and Naghdi. Next follows a justification of the presence of a ... More


Pathophysiology of demyelinated axons

STEPHEN G. WAXMAN, JEFFERY D. KOCSIS, and JOEL A. BLACK

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0023
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses the pathophysiology of demyelinated axons. It reviews available data concerning cellular and molecular substrates for abnormal conduction and mechanisms underlying recovery of ... More


Thermal waves and ablative drive

Stefano Atzeni and JÜrgen Meyer-Ter-Vehn

in The Physics of Inertial Fusion: BeamPlasma Interaction, Hydrodynamics, Hot Dense Matter

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198562641
eISBN:
9780191714030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198562641.003.0007
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

Energy transport in ICF targets is dominated by electron heat conduction and radiative energy transfer. This transport often occurs in form of thermal waves with steep fronts, which may run ... More


Myelin Function and Saltatory Conduction

Stephen G. Waxman and Lakshmi Bangalore

in Neuroglia

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195152227
eISBN:
9780199865024
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152227.003.0021
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development, Disorders of the Nervous System

The need for rapid conduction of the nerve impulse serves as a driving force that can determine and increase animal size. For an axon without myelin, the speed of impulse conduction is proportional ... More


An Overview of Electromagnetic Fields

Paul L. Nunez and Ramesh Srinivasan

in Electric Fields of the Brain: The neurophysics of EEG

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195050387
eISBN:
9780199865673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195050387.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

This chapter presents the fundamentals of electric currents and fields using very minimal mathematics. The emphasis here differs substantially from that of typical engineering or physics texts for ... More


Electrical activity of nerve: The background up to 1952

SIR ANDREW HUXLEY

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0001
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses ideas about nerve conduction and developments up to 1952. Topics covered include studies on excitation of the nerve, the all-or-none character of the propagated response of ... More


Physiology of axons

J. MURDOCH RITCHIE

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0004
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses axonal physiology. Topics covered include the energetic aspects of conduction, ionic basis of the nerve impulse, conduction velocity in axons, inhomogeneity of channel ... More


Neurophysiological Monitoring of the Human Spinal Cord Functional Integrity during Surgical Interventions

Vedran Deletis, Francesco Sala, and Paolo Costa

in Restorative Neurology of Spinal Cord Injury

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199746507
eISBN:
9780199918768
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199746507.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter describes methods used for the intraoperative neurophysiological assessment of spinal cord function, including the epidural, scalp, and electromyographic recording methods, to evaluate ... More


Stars

Stephen J. Blundell and Katherine M. Blundell

in Concepts in Thermal Physics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199562091
eISBN:
9780191718236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562091.003.0035
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter applies some of the concepts of thermal physics developed earlier in this book to stellar astrophysics. Astrophysics is the study of the physical properties of the Universe and the ... More


Aftermath

Alan J. McComas

in Galvani’s Spark: The Story of the Nerve Impulse

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199751754
eISBN:
9780199897094
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199751754.003.0016
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience, Sensory and Motor Systems

Lorente de Nó is unable to accept the giant axon work. Hodgkin, however, presses on and shows that it is possible to replace the interior of a giant axon with a potassium solution; the resting ... More


Neurons and Simple Memory Circuits

Howard Eichenbaum

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory: An Introduction

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195141740
eISBN:
9780199865741
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141740.003.0002
Subject:
Neuroscience, Behavioral Neuroscience, Molecular and Cellular Systems

This chapter summarizes some of the key fundamental concepts about the anatomy and physiology of neurons, including the molecular basis of the unusual electrical properties of neurons, different ... More


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