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The Impact of Active Leverage II: Reforming the State and the Economy, 1997–2004

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199241194
eISBN:
9780191602382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241198.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

In all candidate states, the EU’s active leverage forced governments to embark on politically difficult reforms of the state and of the economy, committing politicians to a predictable agenda of ... More


The Impact of Passive Leverage: The EU and Eastern Europe, 1989–94

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199241194
eISBN:
9780191602382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241198.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The EU had a negligible impact on the course of political change in the new democracies from 1989 to 1994. This chapter traces empirically the relationship between the EU and the liberal and ... More


The Active Leverage of the European Union

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199241194
eISBN:
9780191602382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241198.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

This chapter presents a theoretical framework for the EU’s active leverage, defined as the EU’s deliberate efforts to promote reform in candidate states moving towards EU membership. Active leverage ... More


The Impact of Active Leverage I: Making Political Systems More Competitive, 1994–8

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199241194
eISBN:
9780191602382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241198.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Once the EU developed its active leverage, noncompliance with EU membership requirements became visible and costly for governments in candidate states. This chapter illustrates the effectiveness of ... More


Economic Reconstruction and Development

Richard Caplan

in International Governance of War-Torn Territories: Rule and Reconstruction

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199263455
eISBN:
9780191602726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199263450.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

Economic development is a basic requirement for the long-term viability of internationally administered territories. Discusses what is often a triple challenge for transitional administrators: ... More


Social Evolution and Inclusive Fitness Theory: An Introduction

James A.R. Marshall

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691161563
eISBN:
9781400866564
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691161563.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Social behavior has long puzzled evolutionary biologists, since the classical theory of natural selection maintains that individuals should not sacrifice their own fitness to affect that of others. ... More


Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 2: International and Transnational Factors

Jan Zielonka and Alex Pravda (eds)

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244096
eISBN:
9780191600371
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924409X.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This is the second volume in a two‐volume series on democratic consolidation in Eastern Europe. The series focuses on three major aspects of democratic consolidation in Eastern Europe: institutional ... More


The Influence of the International Context Upon the Choice of National Institutions and Policies in Neo‐Democracies

Philippe C. Schmitter

in The International Dimensions of Democratization: Europe and the Americas

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199243754
eISBN:
9780191600333
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199243751.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Explores the extent to which foreign relations factors, both regional and global, can affect the constraints imposed on, or the opportunities exploited by, nascent democracies. To the threefold ... More


Hungary: Understanding Western Messages

László Valki

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 2: International and Transnational Factors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244096
eISBN:
9780191600371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924409X.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Describes the Western influence on the democratic consolidation in Hungary in the 1980s and the 90s, focusing primarily on problems and conflicts, yet pointing out the historically unprecedented task ... More


The Czech Republic: The Unexpected Force of Institutional Constraints

Milada Anna Vachudová

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 2: International and Transnational Factors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244096
eISBN:
9780191600371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924409X.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Describes the influence of the international institutions in shaping democratic consolidation and economic reform in the Czech Republic as a case study of an East European state that strongly wished ... More


Democracy Promotion in the 1990s: Agency, Motives, and Strategy

Richard Youngs

in The European Union and the Promotion of Democracy: Europe's Mediterranean and Asian Policies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249794
eISBN:
9780191600357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199249792.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter outlines the evolving international relations theory over the nature of international actors’ agency in promoting democratization. It explores the strengths and weaknesses of different ... More


EU Democracy Promotion Instruments: Evolution and Shortcomings

Richard Youngs

in The European Union and the Promotion of Democracy: Europe's Mediterranean and Asian Policies

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199249794
eISBN:
9780191600357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199249792.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter outlines the nature of the instruments introduced by the EU pursuant to the democracy promotion commitment and examines the shortcomings and lacuna that remained in the range of policy ... More


Western Actors and the Promotion of Democracy

Karen E. Smith

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 2: International and Transnational Factors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244096
eISBN:
9780191600371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924409X.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Examines the particular role of Western actors in strengthening the process of democratic consolidation in Eastern Europe. The actors involved in the ‘Western project’ are individual Western states ... More


The Impact of External Economic Factors: The Role of the IMF

Susan Senior Nello

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 2: International and Transnational Factors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244096
eISBN:
9780191600371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924409X.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Examines the external economic influences that have affected democratic consolidation. The analysis concentrates on the role played by external economic actors, taking as a case study the IMF and a ... More


International Security and Democracy Building

Reimund Seidelmann

in Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 2: International and Transnational Factors

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199244096
eISBN:
9780191600371
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019924409X.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Describes the interrelation between security and democratic consolidation as a process in specific national and regional contexts. The analysis combines a systematic approach to hypothesis building ... More


Welfare rights and responsibilities: Contesting social citizenship

Peter Dwyer

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861342041
eISBN:
9781447304234
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861342041.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

The British government is currently committed to radical reform of the welfare system underpinning social citizenship in the country. Welfare rights and responsibilities are a response to this, ... More


When the Self Becomes Other: Representations of Gender, Islam, and the Politics of Survival in the Sahrawi Refugee Camps

Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh

in Dispossession and Displacement: Forced Migration in the Middle East and North Africa

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197264591
eISBN:
9780191734397
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197264591.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter examines the ways in which the protracted Sahrawi refugee context has been represented by its political body, the Polisario Front, to its non-Sahrawi ‘audience’ in such a way as to ... More


The Dark Sides of Cosmopolitanism

Rahul Rao

in Third World Protest: Between Home and the World

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199560370
eISBN:
9780191721694
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560370.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory, International Relations and Politics

The chapter offers a critical reading of currently hegemonic practices and understandings of liberal cosmopolitanism. It argues that the praxis of liberal cosmopolitanism assists in the consolidation ... More


A Re-evaluation of the IMF Reform Program: Wrong Diagnosis and Wrong Prescription 1

Yung Chul Park

in Economic Liberalization and Integration in East Asia: A Post-Crisis Paradigm

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199276776
eISBN:
9780191603051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276773.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

The IMF reform programs for the crisis countries did not have a well-defined roadmap to guide the formulation and implementation of stabilization policies, financial and corporate restructuring, and ... More


Personhood and Logical Ability

Simon J. Evnine

in Epistemic Dimensions of Personhood

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199239948
eISBN:
9780191716898
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239948.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is argued that all persons must possess certain logical concepts—conjunction, conditionality, disjunction, negation, and quantification—and must be able to grasp certain valid inferences and ... More


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