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Indicative conditionals: the psychological evidence

Jonathan St B T Evans and David E Over

in If

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525134
eISBN:
9780191728174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525134.003.03
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter examines the basic empirical findings on indicative conditionals when participants are asked to make inferences or judgements about them in the psychological laboratory, and compares ... More


Necessary Connections

Ted Honderich

in Mind and Brain: A Theory of Determinism, Volume 1

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242826
eISBN:
9780191680588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242826.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

It is often claimed that people take effects to be events that might not have occurred, given all things exactly as they were beforehand. Such claims about people's ordinary beliefs are commonly ... More


Probabilistic accounts of conditionals

Jonathan St B T Evans and David E Over

in If

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525134
eISBN:
9780191728174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525134.003.08
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

The Ramsey test implies that people will evaluate the probability of a conditional, P(if p then q), as the conditional probability, P(q¦p). This implication is referred to as the conditional ... More


“If… ”: Satisficing Algorithms for Mapping Conditional Statements onto Social Domains

Alejandro López-Rousseau and Timothy Ketelaar

in Heuristics: The Foundations of Adaptive Behavior

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199744282
eISBN:
9780199894727
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199744282.003.0038
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Human-Technology Interaction

People regularly use conditional statements to communicate promises and threats, advice and warnings, permissions and obligations to other people. Given that all conditionals are formally ... More


Dispositionals and Conditionals

C. B. Martin

in The Mind in Nature

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199234103
eISBN:
9780191715570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234103.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Statements ascribing dispositions or powers are somehow linked to conditional statements. Attempts have been made to provide reductive analyses of powers in terms of such stronger-than-material ... More


The logic of indicative conditionals

Jonathan St B T Evans and David E Over

in If

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198525134
eISBN:
9780191728174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198525134.003.02
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

This chapter examines the major logical issues concerning indicative conditional statements, as identified by philosophical logicians. It shows why philosophers largely reject the view that ‘if p ... More


Indicative Conditionals

Robert C. Stalnaker

in Context and Content: Essays on Intentionality in Speech and Thought

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198237075
eISBN:
9780191598456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198237073.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Aims to reconcile a unified semantic account of conditional statements with an apparent contrast between the logics of indicative and ”subjunctive” conditionals. The difference between the two kinds ... More


Conditionals

Raymond S. Nickerson

in Conditional Reasoning: The Unruly Syntactics, Semantics, Thematics, and Pragmatics of "If"

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780190202996
eISBN:
9780190249137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190202996.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter describes the prototypical and other forms of conditionals. Distinguishes several types of conditionals, including indicatives, counterfactuals, deontic conditionals, and compound ... More


Comparing Macroeconomic Model Forecasts under Common Assumptions

Stephen K. McNees

in Comparative Performance of U.S. Econometric Models

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195057720
eISBN:
9780199854967
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195057720.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Economic forecasts differ because forecasters use different macroeconomic models. However, even if everyone used the same model, all forecasts would not be identical. Most forecasts reflect a complex ... More


Getting Started

Raymond S. Nickerson

in Conditional Reasoning: The Unruly Syntactics, Semantics, Thematics, and Pragmatics of "If"

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780190202996
eISBN:
9780190249137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190202996.003.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter introduces the concept of conditional reasoning, illustrates many uses of “if,” and presents the plan for the remainder of the book.


Final Comments

Raymond S. Nickerson

in Conditional Reasoning: The Unruly Syntactics, Semantics, Thematics, and Pragmatics of "If"

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
November 2015
ISBN:
9780190202996
eISBN:
9780190249137
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190202996.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The wrap-up chapter attempts to distinguish what we know about conditional reasoning—what we have learned from research—from what we do not know about it. The question of how conditional reasoning ... More


Introduction

Ted Honderich

in Mind and Brain: A Theory of Determinism, Volume 1

Published in print:
1990
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198242826
eISBN:
9780191680588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198242826.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Connections called nomic or lawlike connections, to distinguish them from logically necessary connections rooted in words and other symbols, are pervasive in the natural world, and fundamental to it. ... More


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