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Kinds of Representation: Seeing and Thinking

Jean Matter Mandler

in Foundations of Mind: Origins of Conceptual Thought

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195311839
eISBN:
9780199786770
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195311839.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

On e of the main theories of this book is that perception and conception differ in content, representational format, and methods of processing. This chapter focuses on the differences in ... More


Learning and the Infant Mind

Amanda Woodward and Amy Needham (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195301151
eISBN:
9780199894246
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301151.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

When asking how cognition comes to take its mature form, learning seems to be an obvious factor to consider. However, until quite recently, there has been very little contact between investigations ... More


Word meaning in LCCM Theory

Vyvyan Evans

in How Words Mean: Lexical Concepts, Cognitive Models, and Meaning Construction

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199234660
eISBN:
9780191715495
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234660.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter reviews a number of perspectives on word meaning which acknowledge the variability in word meaning described in previous chapters. One of the main difficulties with all of the ... More


Using conceptual knowledge in action and language

Michiel van Elk, Hein T. van Schie, Oliver Lindemann, and Harold Bekkering

in Sensorimotor Foundations of Higher Cognition

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199231447
eISBN:
9780191696510
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231447.003.0025
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter outlines the concept of action semantics and reviews existing literature dealing with functional mechanisms underlying conceptual knowledge and goal-directed behaviour. Recent findings ... More


Conclusion

William Johnston

in The Mysticism of the Cloud of Unknowing

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823220748
eISBN:
9780823236824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823220748.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter presents some general conclusions about the cloud and about the phrase that “the most godly knowledge of God is that which is known by unknowing”. The author divides knowledge into two ... More


Integrating Top-down and Bottom-up Approaches to Children’s Causal Inference

David M. Sobel

in Neoconstructivism: The New Science of Cognitive Development

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195331059
eISBN:
9780199864072
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331059.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter suggests a description of causal inference based on Bayesian inference, which illustrates how children engage in causal learning. This description is meant at the computational level of ... More


The Cloud of Forgetting

William Johnston

in The Mysticism of the Cloud of Unknowing

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2011
ISBN:
9780823220748
eISBN:
9780823236824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fso/9780823220748.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Theology

This chapter considers the paradoxical statement that, on the one hand, God cannot be known, and on the other hand, He can be known by unknowing. It notes three things based on the doctrine of ... More


Can Cognition Be Reduced to Action?: Processes That Mediate Stimuli and Responses Make Human Action Possible

Lawrence W. Barsalou

in The Pragmatic Turn: Toward Action-Oriented Views in Cognitive Science

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262034326
eISBN:
9780262333290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034326.003.0005
Subject:
Neuroscience, History of Neuroscience

After treating action as peripheral for decades, cognitive scientists increasingly appreciate the fundamental roles it plays throughout cognition. This chapter proposes that the central roles of ... More


Knowledge, Conceptual Knowledge, and the Iconic Route to Grasping an Idea

Catherine Rowett

in Knowledge and Truth in Plato: Stepping Past the Shadow of Socrates

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780199693658
eISBN:
9780191850561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199693658.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter sketches the reasons for taking Plato’s term episteme and related ‘knowledge’ terms to refer to an irreducible kind of knowledge that is not standardly included in lists of key types of ... More


Conclusions and Further Tasks

Catherine Rowett

in Knowledge and Truth in Plato: Stepping Past the Shadow of Socrates

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780199693658
eISBN:
9780191850561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199693658.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter starts by telling a narrative to explain how and why the author came to reject the mistaken assumptions with which the research began, and how these initial assumptions had assumed false ... More


On the Failure of the Remaining Two Attempts to Analyse Episteme: 187b–210a

Catherine Rowett

in Knowledge and Truth in Plato: Stepping Past the Shadow of Socrates

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780199693658
eISBN:
9780191850561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199693658.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter suggests that Theaetetus’s second and third definitions of episteme fail because doxa, true or false, with or without an account, is always parasitic upon conceptual content. The latter ... More


The Evolution of Concepts About Agents

Robert M. Seyfarth and Dorothy L. Cheney

in Navigating the Social World: What Infants, Children, and Other Species Can Teach Us

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199890712
eISBN:
9780199332779
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199890712.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Cognitive Psychology

Infants begin life with several “core” systems of knowledge, each specialized for representing and reasoning about entities of different kinds. Three core systems have been widely discussed: one that ... More


Language and Emotion: Hypotheses on the Constructed Nature of Emotion Perception

Cameron M. Doyle and Kristen A. Lindquist

in The Science of Facial Expression

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780190613501
eISBN:
9780190613525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190613501.003.0022
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Growing evidence suggests that emotion perception is psychologically constructed when processes in the mind of the perceiver, such as emotion concept knowledge, impact how visual sensations are made ... More


Introduction and Summary for Part IV: Plato’s Theaetetus

Catherine Rowett

in Knowledge and Truth in Plato: Stepping Past the Shadow of Socrates

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780199693658
eISBN:
9780191850561
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199693658.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The chapter summarizes the results of Part IV and explains and introduces the work on the Theaetetus in Chapters 10, 11, and 12. It explains what misguided assumptions undermine all Theaetetus’s ... More


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