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Introduction: A Guided Tour of Conceptual Engineering and Conceptual Ethics

Herman Cappelen and David Plunkett

in Conceptual Engineering and Conceptual Ethics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198801856
eISBN:
9780191840418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801856.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

In this Introduction, we aim to introduce the reader to the basic topic of this book. As part of this, we explain why we are using two different expressions (‘conceptual engineering’ and ‘conceptual ... More


Neutralism and Conceptual Engineering

Patrick Greenough

in Conceptual Engineering and Conceptual Ethics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198801856
eISBN:
9780191840418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801856.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Conceptual engineers often invoke a distinction between happy-face and unhappy-face solutions to alethic paradoxes. Happy-face solutions are thoroughly specific: they isolate a single, basic ... More


A Pragmatic Method for Normative Conceptual Work

Amie L. Thomasson

in Conceptual Engineering and Conceptual Ethics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198801856
eISBN:
9780191840418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801856.003.0021
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

How ought we to do work in conceptual ethics? Some have thought that conceptual choice should itself be guided by (heavyweight) metaphysics—for we should be sure that our concepts pick out things ... More


Philosophy as the Study of Defective Concepts

Kevin Scharp

in Conceptual Engineering and Conceptual Ethics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198801856
eISBN:
9780191840418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801856.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

From familiar concepts like tall and table to exotic ones like gravity and genocide, they guide our lives and are the basis for how we represent the world. However, there is good reason to think that ... More


Conceptual Engineering and Conceptual Ethics

Alexis Burgess, Herman Cappelen, and David Plunkett (eds)

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198801856
eISBN:
9780191840418
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801856.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Conceptual engineering is a branch of philosophy that is concerned with assessing representational devices such as concepts and words. Conceptual engineers looks for the problems with such devices ... More


Strategic Conceptual Engineering for Epistemic and Social Aims

Ingo Brigandt and Esther Rosario

in Conceptual Engineering and Conceptual Ethics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198801856
eISBN:
9780191840418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801856.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter advocates strategic conceptual engineering, that is, the employment of a (possibly novel) concept for specific epistemic or social aims, concomitant with the openness to use a different ... More


Conceptual Engineering: The Master Argument

Herman Cappelen

in Conceptual Engineering and Conceptual Ethics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198801856
eISBN:
9780191840418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801856.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter develops and defends the Master Argument for Conceptual Engineering: (1) If W is a word that has a meaning M, then there are many similar meanings, M1,M2,...,Mn, W could have. (2) We ... More


Illustrations: Conceptual Engineering in Philosophy and Beyond

Herman Cappelen

in Fixing Language: An Essay on Conceptual Engineering

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198814719
eISBN:
9780191852404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814719.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter considers a wide range of examples of conceptual engineering, both within and outside of philosophy, and then provides a taxonomy of conceptual engineering. Section I provides a range of ... More


The Worldliness of Conceptual Engineering

Herman Cappelen

in Fixing Language: An Essay on Conceptual Engineering

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198814719
eISBN:
9780191852404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814719.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter defends the initially radical sounding idea that conceptual engineering involves engineering the world. According to the author’s view, conceptual engineering is not about the concept of ... More


Varieties of Conceptual Engineering

Herman Cappelen

in Fixing Language: An Essay on Conceptual Engineering

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198814719
eISBN:
9780191852404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814719.003.0013
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Chapter 2 gave an overview of the varieties of conceptual engineering. This chapter shows how the tools of the Austerity Framework enable us gain a greater understanding of the different kinds of ... More


Talk and Thought

Sarah Sawyer

in Conceptual Engineering and Conceptual Ethics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198801856
eISBN:
9780191840418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801856.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter provides an externalist account of talk and thought that clearly distinguishes the two. It is argued that linguistic meanings and concepts track different phenomena and have different ... More


Introduction to Conceptual Engineering

Herman Cappelen

in Fixing Language: An Essay on Conceptual Engineering

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198814719
eISBN:
9780191852404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814719.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book is about the process of assessing and improving our representational devices. This first chapter introduces the process of assessing and improving our representational devices, an activity ... More


On the Importance of a General Theory and an Overview of the Austerity Framework

Herman Cappelen

in Fixing Language: An Essay on Conceptual Engineering

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198814719
eISBN:
9780191852404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814719.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

In this chapter we take a step back and consider what we’ve seen so far and talk a bit about the methodology which will inform the remainder of the book. In particular, it argues that it’s a ... More


Some Metaphilosophical Issues

Matti Eklund

in Choosing Normative Concepts

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9780198717829
eISBN:
9780191787331
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198717829.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses three metaphilosophical issues. First, the themes that have been the focus of the discussion relate to the trend of considering conceptual engineering, or conceptual ethics: ... More


Arguments for the Importance of Conceptual Engineering and Implications for Philosophical Methodology

Herman Cappelen

in Fixing Language: An Essay on Conceptual Engineering

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198814719
eISBN:
9780191852404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814719.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter turns to some arguments for the importance of conceptual engineering, before considering the relation between it and some views in philosophical methodology. The first argument, the ... More


Metasemantics, Metasemantic Superstructure, and Metasemantic Base

Herman Cappelen

in Fixing Language: An Essay on Conceptual Engineering

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198814719
eISBN:
9780191852404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814719.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter introduces the topic of metasemantics, developing a distinction between a metasemantic base and a metasemantic superstructure. Conceptual engineering is concerned with the meanings of ... More


Fixing Language: An Essay on Conceptual Engineering

Herman Cappelen

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198814719
eISBN:
9780191852404
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814719.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Fixing Language is a book about ways in which language (and other representational devices) can be defective and improved. In all parts of philosophy there are philosophers who criticize the concepts ... More


Methodological Advantages

Amie L. Thomasson

in Norms and Necessity

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190098193
eISBN:
9780190098223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190098193.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter makes the case that modal normativism also brings significant methodological advantages. First, it can provide a much-needed justification of using intuitions, thought experiments, and a ... More


Variance Theses in Ontology and Metaethics

Matti Eklund

in Conceptual Engineering and Conceptual Ethics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
February 2020
ISBN:
9780198801856
eISBN:
9780191840418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198801856.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The chapter illustrates conceptual engineering by bringing up a number of issues in metaontology and metaethics. A prominent debate in metaontology relates to whether some existence concept is ... More


Externalist Conceptual Engineering

Herman Cappelen

in Fixing Language: An Essay on Conceptual Engineering

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198814719
eISBN:
9780191852404
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198814719.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter continues to consider some foundational semantic issues important for the author’s theory, and for conceptual engineering in general. It argues that conceptual engineering is not—despite ... More


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