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The Architecture of Reason: The Structure and Substance of Rationality

Robert Audi

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195158427
eISBN:
9780199871407
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195158427.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The literature on theoretical reason has been dominated by epistemological concerns, treatments of practical reason by ethical concerns. This book overcomes the limitations of dealing with each ... More


A Responsible Egalitarianism

Andrew Mason

in Levelling the Playing Field: The Idea of Equal Opportunity and its Place in Egalitarian Thought

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199264414
eISBN:
9780191718489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264414.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

This chapter explores this form of egalitarianism further by asking when justice requires us to hold people responsible for their behaviour by requiring them to bear its costs. Some maintain that ... More


Propositions, Functions, and Analysis: Selected Essays on Russell's Philosophy

Peter Hylton

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199286355
eISBN:
9780191713309
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199286355.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The work of Bertrand Russell had a decisive influence on the emergence of analytic philosophy, and on its subsequent development. The essays collected in this volume, by one of the authorities on ... More


Beyond Consequentialism

Paul Hurley

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199559305
eISBN:
9780191721212
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199559305.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The focus of this book is consequentialism, the moral theory upon which an action is morally right just in case its performance leads to the best state of affairs. The theory can with some ... More


Art and Embodiment: From Aesthetics to Self-Consciousness

Paul Crowther

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199244973
eISBN:
9780191697425
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199244973.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Critical Aesthetics and Postmodernism (Clarendon Press, 1993) argued that art and aesthetic experiences have the capacity to humanize. In this book, the author develops this theme in ... More


Conclusion

Walter Ott

in Causation and Laws of Nature in Early Modern Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570430
eISBN:
9780191722394
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570430.003.0029
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Science

This chapter returns to one of the questions with which this book began: Why does the conception of causal necessity as logical necessity so outlive the notion of powers on which it was based? The ... More


The Conception of Value

Paul Grice and Judith Baker

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199243877
eISBN:
9780191697302
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199243877.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The works of Paul Grice collected in this volume present his metaphysical defence of value, and represent a modern attempt to provide a metaphysical foundation for value. Value judgements are viewed ... More


God and Goodness

Hugh Rice

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250289
eISBN:
9780191598302
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250282.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

Proposes an abstract conception of God, which identifies the will of God with the basic facts about good and bad. I argue that this conception does justice both to the nature of goodness and to the ... More


The Virgin Mary

Lawrence S. Cunningham

in From Trent to Vatican II: Historical and Theological Investigations

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195178067
eISBN:
9780199784905
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195178068.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

This chapter explores the Protestant reaction against the Marian tradition of Catholicism, which was addressed by the reform of the Council of Trent. Topics discussed include the Catholic Reformation ... More


 Formed after an Image: Procreative God in Romans 8:29

Caroline Johnson Hodge

in If Sons, Then Heirs: A Study of Kinship and Ethnicity in the Letters of Paul

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182163
eISBN:
9780199785612
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182163.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Biblical Studies

In Romans 8:29, Paul outlines the relationship between Christ, the gentiles newly in-Christ, and God. Christ is not an ancestor (like Abraham), but a firstborn brother of the same generation as the ... More


Verity

John V. Kulvicki

in On Images: Their Structure and Content

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199290758
eISBN:
9780191604010
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019929075X.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

This chapter and the next focus on pictorial realism, with an aim towards responding to some objections to the structural account of depiction. One important aspect of realism is verity: pictures are ... More


The Whole Story of Redemption

Gerald SJ O'Collins

in Jesus Our Redeemer: A Christian Approach to Salvation

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199203130
eISBN:
9780191707742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203130.003.0005
Subject:
Religion, Theology

The divine identity of Jesus is essential for the efficacy of salvation and its entire story. That story comprises all the stages in the human history of the incarnate Son of God—right from his ... More


A contrast

J. M. Hinton

in Experiences: An Inquiry into Some Ambiguities

Published in print:
1973
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198244035
eISBN:
9780191680717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198244035.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses that the contrast emerges in its most marked form if one compares the notion of an experience in certain philosophical discussions with that of an a-experience. When someone ... More


Causality, Interpretation, and the Mind

William Child

Published in print:
1996
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236252
eISBN:
9780191597206
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236255.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Explores the relation between interpretationism and causal theories in the philosophy of mind. Interpretationism is the view that we can understand the nature of the propositional attitudes by ... More


Gender in New Religions

Sarah M. Pike

in Teaching New Religious Movements

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195177299
eISBN:
9780199785537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195177299.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

New religious movements have typically emerged and thrived in times of social upheaval during which normative gender roles are challenged, such as in the United States during the industrializing ... More


The Phenomenal Conception

Daniel Stoljar

in Ignorance and Imagination: The Epistemic Origin of the Problem of Consciousness

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195306583
eISBN:
9780199786619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195306589.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

The question “what is the problem of experience” can be divided into two: what is the topic of the problem of experience, and what problem or problems are we raising about the topic. In this chapter, ... More


The Senior Civil Service in Belgium

Marleen Brans and Annie Hondeghem

in Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States: A Comparative Analysis of Top Officials

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294467
eISBN:
9780191600067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294468.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

The Belgian senior civil service is in transition, with external pressures clearly pushing the government firmly towards a reform agenda and improving public confidence in the administrative system, ... More


Autonomy, Child‐Rearing, and Good Lives

Eamonn Callan

in The Moral and Political Status of Children

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242689
eISBN:
9780191598715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242682.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Autonomy is important to leading a good life but a common liberal instrumental construal of the way in which it contributes to the leading of a good life is defective. A one‐sided focus on the ... More


Answering Susan: Liberalism, Civic Education, and the Status of Younger Persons

Joe Coleman

in The Moral and Political Status of Children

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242689
eISBN:
9780191598715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242682.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

While young children lack the moral powers that Rawls calls a conception of the good and a sense of justice, psychological data show that adolescents are closer to adults in this respect. The idea ... More


Silver Spoons and Golden Genes: Talent Differentials and Distributive Justice

Hillel Steiner

in The Moral and Political Status of Children

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199242689
eISBN:
9780191598715
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199242682.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

There is an important distinction between a person's ’initial genetic endowment’ and his ’post‐conception inputs’ such as nutrition and education. From a left‐libertarian perspective that views ... More


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