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Spinoza: Metaphysical Themes

Olli I. Koistinen and John I. Biro (eds)

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195128154
eISBN:
9780199786008
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512815X.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This book features 11 essays on the philosophy of Spinoza. These essays support the contention that Spinoza was not only a visionary, but also an acute philosopher who anticipated philosophical ... More


Mortality and Metaphysics

Catherine Wilson

in Epicureanism at the Origins of Modernity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199238811
eISBN:
9780191716492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238811.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Epicurean philosophers maintained that the human soul, composed of a particular kind of subtle atom, conferred sensibility and thought only so long as it permeated the organic body. Every atomic ... More


Desire in Descartes and Spinoza

Jonathan Bennett

in Learning from Six Philosophers Volume 1

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250913
eISBN:
9780191597053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250916.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Descartes tries to keep teleology out of his account of desire. Spinoza often seems to do likewise: he equates desire with ‘appetite’, which he firmly defines in non‐teleological terms. His ... More


Teleology in Spinoza and Early Modern Rationalism

Don Garrett

in New Essays on the Rationalists

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195165418
eISBN:
9780199868285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195165411.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter seeks to establish (1) that Spinoza accepts the legitimacy of many teleological explanations; (2) that in two important respects, Leibniz's view of teleology is not more, and perhaps ... More


Spinoza, Thoughtful Teleology, and the Causal Significance of Content

Richard N. Manning

in Spinoza: Metaphysical Themes

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195128154
eISBN:
9780199786008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512815X.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay contends that Jonathan Bennett gave a passive reading of conatus, and that he misunderstood Spinoza’s conception of mental representation, mistakenly attributing to Spinoza the common, ... More


Agent Centeredness and Natural Law: Perfectionism, Immanence, and Transcendence

Douglas B. Rasmussen and Douglas J. Den Uyl

in Reason, Religion, and Natural Law: From Plato to Spinoza

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199767175
eISBN:
9780199979592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199767175.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion

If an agent-centered ethics is one tied to human nature in a way such that (a) the individual has inherent tendencies towards fulfilling natural potentialities and (b) the completion of that process ... More


Introduction

Olli Koistinen and John Biro (eds)

in Spinoza: Metaphysical Themes

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195128154
eISBN:
9780199786008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512815X.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This introductory chapter begins with a brief overview of Spinoza’s philosophy. Spinoza’s monism, philosophy of mind, and conatus doctrine are discussed. The essays included in this volume are then ... More


Spinoza's Conatus Argument

Don Garrett

in Spinoza: Metaphysical Themes

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195128154
eISBN:
9780199786008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019512815X.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This essay contends that Spinoza’s argument for the conatus doctrine does not commit any of the five fallacies of equivocation. The key to a better understanding of his argument lies in a Spinoza’s ... More


The Spiritual Automaton: Spinoza's Science of the Mind

Eugene Marshall

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199675531
eISBN:
9780191758959
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199675531.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This book provides a systematic account of Spinoza’s philosophy of mind. This account presents Spinoza’s concept of the mind as affective mechanism, one that, when rational, behaves as a spiritual ... More


Consecrating Peace: Reflecting on Daniel Berrigan and Witness

William Desmond

in Faith, Resistance, and the Future: Daniel Berrigan's Challenge to Catholic Social Thought

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780823239825
eISBN:
9780823239863
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823239825.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter discusses the relationship between contemplation and action in Berrigan’s work. In the work of peace-making, there is and must be a contemplative openness to the sacred, a porosity to ... More


Adequate Ideas Are Infinite Modes

Eugene Garver

in Spinoza and the Cunning of Imagination

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226575568
eISBN:
9780226575735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226575735.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The Ethics starts with God, and Part 1 gradually descends from God and its attributes through its infinite modes to the individual—the finite modes—including individual human beings. The rest of the ... More


Spinoza’s Will to Power: How Does the Conatus Become a Desire to Increase Power?

Eugene Garver

in Spinoza and the Cunning of Imagination

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226575568
eISBN:
9780226575735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226575735.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Every finite thing tries to preserve itself. That desire for self-preservation, the conatus, is the actual essence of the individual. However, Spinoza argues that individuals—all or some—not only try ... More


Hilarity and the Goods of Mind and Body

Eugene Garver

in Spinoza and the Cunning of Imagination

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226575568
eISBN:
9780226575735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226575735.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Chapter 6 explores another anomaly in Spinoza’s argument, the existence of pleasures that are passive but which increase the power of the whole body. These cheerful or, to use the Latin word for ... More


Necessity and Nature in Spinoza's Philosophy

Don Garrett

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780195307771
eISBN:
9780190880019
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195307771.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Spinoza’s guiding commitment to the thesis that nothing exists or occurs outside of the scope of nature and its necessary laws makes him one of the great seventeenth-century exemplars of both ... More


Being and Reason: An Essay on Spinoza's Metaphysics

Martin Lin

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780198834151
eISBN:
9780191879043
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198834151.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

In Being and Reason, Martin Lin offers a new interpretation of Spinoza’s core metaphysical doctrines with attention to how and why, in Spinoza, metaphysical notions are entangled with cognitive, ... More


Scene 8 To the Edge of the Cliff

Simon Palfrey

in Poor Tom: Living "King Lear"

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780226150642
eISBN:
9780226150789
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226150789.003.0018
Subject:
Literature, 16th-century and Renaissance Literature

This section offers a series of snapshots of Edgar/Tom and Gloucester as they move toward Dover, and Edgar/Tom delivering his speech imagining the view from the cliff-edge. Each moment, each vision, ... More


Spinoza’s Theory of Metaphysical Individuation

Don Garrett

in Necessity and Nature in Spinoza's Philosophy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780195307771
eISBN:
9780190880019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780195307771.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Spinoza’s theory of metaphysical individuation explains the existence, persistence, and difference of extended individuals as functions of what he calls “fixed ratios of motion and rest.” This ... More


The Illusion of Persuasion

Carlo Michelstaedter

in Persuasion and Rhetoric

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300104349
eISBN:
9780300130126
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300104349.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter exhibits the consequences of the claim that the existence of all things lies in striving; that striving is the essence of existence. From this starting point, Michelstaedter implies that ... More


Desire (Shahwa) and Spiritedness (Ghaḍab) vs. Conatus

Joshua Parens

in Maimonides and Spinoza: Their Conflicting Views of Human Nature

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226645742
eISBN:
9780226645766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226645766.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses Spinoza's view of conatus, which has long been considered as highly novel and as central to his teaching in the Ethics. As the desire to exist, conatus is more than the ... More


Teleology vs. Imagined Ideal

Joshua Parens

in Maimonides and Spinoza: Their Conflicting Views of Human Nature

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780226645742
eISBN:
9780226645766
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226645766.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter discusses the suspicion of some modern interpreters of Spinoza's and Maimonides's disenchantment with teleology. This is evidenced by the ambiguities in Spinoza's attack on teleology and ... More


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