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Introduction: Computer Revolutionaries

Nathan Ensmenger

in The Computer Boys Take Over: Computers, Programmers, and the Politics of Technical Expertise

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262050937
eISBN:
9780262289351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262050937.003.0001
Subject:
Information Science, Information Science

This introductory chapter discusses the theme of this volume which is about the history of computer software and the intersection between the history of software and the larger social history of the ... More


Federal Policy and the Development of Semiconductors, Computer Hardware, and Computer Software: A Policy Model for Climate Change R&D?

David C. Mowery

in Accelerating Energy Innovation: Insights from Multiple Sectors

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226326832
eISBN:
9780226326856
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226326856.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter reviews the technological and industrial development within semiconductors, computer hardware, and computer software. It also highlights the important and constructive role played by ... More


Assessing Government Policies toward Software

Josh Lerner and Mark Schankerman

in The Comingled Code: Open Source and Economic Development

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014632
eISBN:
9780262289573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014632.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter focuses on government policies on computer software. It examines how a government can develop a framework that facilitates the competitive interactions between open source and ... More


The International Mobility of Technical Talent: Trends and Development Implications *

Anthony P. D'Costa

in The International Mobility of Talent: Types, Causes, and Development Impact

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199532605
eISBN:
9780191714627
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532605.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter charts the complex dynamics of the movement of technical talent in the world economy and assesses broadly the impact of such mobility on both sending and receiving countries. Based on ... More


Software and Growth

Josh Lerner and Mark Schankerman

in The Comingled Code: Open Source and Economic Development

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014632
eISBN:
9780262289573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014632.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter examines the importance of computer software, particularly open source software, in economic development. It analyzes how open source software fit into the framework of growth theory and ... More


The Interoperability Debate

Jonathan Band and Masanobu Katoh

in Interfaces on Trial 2.0

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015004
eISBN:
9780262295543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015004.003.0001
Subject:
Information Science, Information Science

This chapter examines the interoperability debate in the European Union and the U.S. before 1995. It considers the issues concerning the unprotectability of interface specifications and the ... More


The Programmer as Author: Moral Rights in Information Technology

Mira T. Sundara Rajan

in Moral Rights: Principles, Practice and New Technology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780195390315
eISBN:
9780190259747
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195390315.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Intellectual Property, IT, and Media Law

This chapter examines moral rights in two contrasting manifestations of information technology. First, it discusses the place of moral rights in works of new technology that are now accepted ... More


Introduction

Josh Lerner and Mark Schankerman

in The Comingled Code: Open Source and Economic Development

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014632
eISBN:
9780262289573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014632.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This introductory chapter discusses the theme of this volume which is about the potential impact of open source software on economic development. This volume examines whether certain types of ... More


Epidemiological methods: a view from the Americas

Eduardo L. Franco, Salaheddin M. Mahmud, and Andrew G. Dean

in The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.003.0024
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter discusses the history of epidemiological methods. It provides a personal account of how the three authors view the evolution of study designs, statistical methodology, and the ... More


Statistics and Scientific Method: An Introduction for Students and Researchers

Peter J. Diggle and Amanda G. Chetwynd

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199543182
eISBN:
9780191774867
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199543182.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Probability / Statistics, Biostatistics

An antidote to technique-oriented service courses, this book studiously avoids the recipe-book style and keeps algebraic details of specific statistical methods to the minimum extent necessary to ... More


Self-Evaluation: Using Data to Guide Policy and Practice in Public Child Welfare Agencies

Daniel Webster, Charles L. Usher, Barbara Needell, and Judith Wildfire

in Child Welfare Research: Advances for Practice and Policy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195304961
eISBN:
9780199863648
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195304961.003.0016
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Research and Evaluation

Self-evaluation provides a method for child welfare agencies to structure and implement programs and practice. Today, self-evaluation is not simply a reflective exercise but a practiced methodology ... More


Constructing Understanding in the Science Classroom: Integrating Laboratory Experiments, Student and Computer Models, and Class Discussion in Learning Scientific Concepts

Joseph Snir and Carol Smith

in Software Goes to School: Teaching for Understanding with New Technologies

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195115772
eISBN:
9780199848041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195115772.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

From mathematics, attention is turned to the analysis of students' responses to scientific inquiry in order to discover other effective techniques to facilitate learning. Similar to what the previous ... More


Managing the Tensions in Connecting Students' Inquiry with Learning Mathematics in School

Magdalene Lampert

in Software Goes to School: Teaching for Understanding with New Technologies

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195115772
eISBN:
9780199848041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195115772.003.0012
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Difficulties in introducing and accepting revised means of teaching take place when learners are not informed about the advantages of engaging with new surroundings or are vigorously attached with ... More


Teaching the Metacurriculum: A New Approach to Enhancing Subject-Matter Learning

Steven H. Schwartz and David N. Perkins

in Software Goes to School: Teaching for Understanding with New Technologies

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195115772
eISBN:
9780199848041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195115772.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Proposals on dynamic educational practice suggest that learning is not limited to the four corners of the classroom, but can be acquired through socialization and experience off the academe. In this ... More


Kino-Eye in Reverse: Visualizing Cinema

Lev Manovich

in Cinematicity in Media History

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780748676118
eISBN:
9780748695096
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748676118.003.0013
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

This chapter, written by Lev Manovich, discusses digital visualizations of Dziga Vertov’s films. Manovich argues that Vertov’s desire for a ‘graphic language’ anticipates the recent work of a number ... More


Software for Statistical Meta-analysis

Christopher H. Schmid, Gavin B. Stewart, Hannah R. Rothstein, Marc J. Lajeunesse, and Jessica Gurevitch

in Handbook of Meta-analysis in Ecology and Evolution

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691137285
eISBN:
9781400846184
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691137285.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

To conduct a meta-analysis, a researcher will need software to perform all but the simplest calculations. Three types of software can be used, depending on user needs: a spreadsheet, a general ... More


Products Within The Strict Liability Regime

Duncan Fairgrieve and Richard Goldberg

in Product Liability

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780199679232
eISBN:
9780191932885
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199679232.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Law of Obligations

Before liability is incurred under the Consumer Protection Act 1987, a product containing a defect must cause damage. Section 1(2) of the Act provides a definition of ‘product’. It states that ... More


Mapping time, charting data: the spatial aesthetic of Mark Z. Danielewski’s Only Revolutions

N. Katherine Hayles

in Mark Z. Danielewski

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780719099335
eISBN:
9781781708613
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9780719099335.003.0010
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century and Contemporary Literature

N. Katherine Hayles’ essay is concerned with the transposition of the paradigmatic onto the syntagmatic in Only Revolutions. Pointing to the proliferation of different kinds of data in the text, ... More


Organizing Marketplaces: The Constitution of Trade Shows in a Cutting-Edge Industry

Patrik Aspers and Asaf Darr

in Organizing and Reorganizing Markets

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
April 2018
ISBN:
9780198815761
eISBN:
9780191853289
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815761.003.0014
Subject:
Business and Management, Organization Studies

What if potential buyers don’t know about our market and its specific elements? This chapter deals with one way of tackling that problem: the organization of trade fairs. Although the central ... More


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