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Computer Simulations

Paul Humphreys

in Extending Ourselves: Computational Science, Empiricism, and Scientific Method

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195158700
eISBN:
9780199785964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195158709.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

A definition of computer simulations is given, emphasizing the dynamic aspects of simulations. The important role of visualization in many simulations is explained. Computational issues in ... More


Taking advantage of educational technology

Susan K. Jacobson, Mallory D. McDuff, and Martha C. Monroe

in Conservation Education and Outreach Techniques

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198567714
eISBN:
9780191718311
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567714.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Educational technology, such as radio, television, and the Internet, can dramatically increase the number of people reached with conservation messages. These media also allow audiences to experience ... More


An Archaeology Of Artificial Life, Underwater

Stefan Helmreich, Sophia Roosth, and Michele Friedner

in Sounding the Limits of Life: Essays in the Anthropology of Biology and Beyond

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691164809
eISBN:
9781400873869
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691164809.003.0003
Subject:
Anthropology, Social and Cultural Anthropology

This chapter examines how scientists working on Artificial Life have understood their practices as situated historically. It first considers the practice of finding genealogies for Artificial Life, ... More


Computer-Based Modeling, Assessment, and Coding of Implicit Motives

Virginia Blankenship

in Implicit Motives

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195335156
eISBN:
9780199776955
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335156.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter presents an overview of the Atkinson and Birch (1970) dynamics of action theory and summarizes research based on computer simulations of achievement situations. Task-based measures, ... More


Extending Ourselves: Computational Science, Empiricism, and Scientific Method

Paul Humphreys

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195158700
eISBN:
9780199785964
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195158709.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Computational science, especially computer simulations, is now the dominant procedure in many areas of science. This book contains the first systematic philosophical account of this new scientific ... More


Conceptually Enhanced Simulations: A Computer Tool for Science Teaching

Joseph Snir, Carol Smith, and Lorraine Grosslight

in Software Goes to School: Teaching for Understanding with New Technologies

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195115772
eISBN:
9780199848041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195115772.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Three categories of student understanding toward science are presented, stating that students need to (1) check out overt details about natural circumstances; (2) be familiar with the most recent ... More


Internal Gravity Waves

Gary A. Glatzmaier

in Introduction to Modeling Convection in Planets and Stars: Magnetic Field, Density Stratification, Rotation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691141725
eISBN:
9781400848904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691141725.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter focuses on internal gravity waves in a stable thermal stratification. When the amplitude of the fluid velocity is small relative to the amplitude of the phase velocity, a linear ... More


A Tale of Two Methods

in Science in the Age of Computer Simulation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226902029
eISBN:
9780226902050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226902050.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the epistemological differences experimentation and computer simulation. It explains that in an experiment, the relationship between the object and the target is material ... More


Science in the Age of Computer Simulation

Eric Winsberg

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226902029
eISBN:
9780226902050
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226902050.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

Computer simulation was first pioneered as a scientific tool in meteorology and nuclear physics in the period following World War II, but it has grown rapidly to become indispensible in a wide ... More


SURFACE PROPERTIES

C.G. GRAY, K.E. GUBBINS, and C.G. JOSLIN

in Theory of Molecular Fluids: Volume 2: Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780198556213
eISBN:
9780191729041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198556213.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In this chapter the molecular theory of surface properties and of the properties of inhomogeneous fluids is described. Distribution functions and molecular order parameters that give the molecular ... More


Gameplay Mode: War, Simulation, and Technoculture

Patrick Crogan

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816653348
eISBN:
9781452946146
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816653348.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

From flight simulators and first-person shooters to MMPOG and innovative strategy games like 2008’s Spore, computer games owe their development to computer simulation and imaging produced by and for ... More


Methodology for a Virtual World

in Science in the Age of Computer Simulation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226902029
eISBN:
9780226902050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226902050.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the methodology in computer simulation, and suggests that simulation is only possible precisely because good theories, well confirmed by a history of experiments, exist to ... More


Simulating molecular evolution

ZIHENG YANG

in Computational Molecular Evolution

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198567028
eISBN:
9780191728280
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567028.003.0009
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter discusses basic techniques of computer simulation. Topics covered include random number generator, generation of continuous random variables, generation of discrete random variables, and ... More


Interatomic Forces in Condensed Matter

Mike Finnis

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198509776
eISBN:
9780191709180
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198509776.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

There is a continuing growth of interest in the computer simulation of materials at the atomic scale, using a variety of academic and commercial computer programs. In all such programs there is some ... More


STRUCTURE FACTOR

C.G. GRAY, K.E. GUBBINS, and C.G. JOSLIN

in Theory of Molecular Fluids: Volume 2: Applications

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780198556213
eISBN:
9780191729041
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198556213.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

In this chapter the theory of the static structure factor, which is closely related to the underlying fluid structure, is described. Different methods of calculating this quantity are presented, ... More


Introduction

Michael P. Allen and Dominic J. Tildesley

in Computer Simulation of Liquids: Second Edition

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780198803195
eISBN:
9780191841439
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198803195.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Soft Matter / Biological Physics

This chapter contains a short review of the development of computer simulation, and its place in research as a complement to experiment and theory. This is followed by an introduction to ... More


Systematically Interrogating Agent-Based Models

Michael Laver and Ernest Sergenti

in Party Competition: An Agent-Based Model

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691139036
eISBN:
9781400840328
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691139036.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter develops the methods for designing, executing, and analyzing large suites of computer simulations that generate stable and replicable results. It starts with a discussion of the ... More


Mathematics and Narrative: A Narratological Perspective

Uri Margolin

Apostolos Doxiadis and Barry Mazur (eds)

in Circles Disturbed: The Interplay of Mathematics and Narrative

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691149042
eISBN:
9781400842681
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691149042.003.0014
Subject:
Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter examines the manifold relations between narrative and mathematics from the point of view of narratology. In particular, it considers some of the ways in which we can speak of mathematics ... More


Sanctioning Models: Theories and Their Scope

in Science in the Age of Computer Simulation

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2013
ISBN:
9780226902029
eISBN:
9780226902050
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226902050.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter examines the theories and scope of the sanctioning models in computer simulation. It argues that it is incorrect to think that a simulation can only be useful and sanctionable if the ... More


Culture Change: The Perspective of Dynamical Minimalism

Andrzej Nowak, Wouter de Raad, and Wojciech Borkowski1

in Advances in Culture and Psychology: Volume Two

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199840694
eISBN:
9780199932726
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199840694.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The goal of dynamical minimalism is to identify the simplest mechanisms and the fewest variables capable of producing the phenomenon we are trying to explain. Dynamical minimalism bases its ... More


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