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Networks: An Introduction

Mark Newman

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199206650
eISBN:
9780191594175
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206650.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The scientific study of networks, including computer networks, social networks, and biological networks, has received an enormous amount of interest in the last few years. The rise of the Internet ... More


The Making of the Internet

Ilkka Tuomi

in Networks of Innovation: Change and Meaning in the Age of the Internet

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269051
eISBN:
9780191699337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269051.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management, Innovation

This chapter describes the early phases of the evolution of the Internet. More exactly, the focus is on that point of time when computer networking was only an idea. Although there are excellent ... More


Inventing the Internet

Vernon W. Ruttan

in Is War Necessary for Economic Growth?: Military Procurement and Technology Development

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195188042
eISBN:
9780199783410
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195188047.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

The development of the Internet involved the transformation of a computer network that was initially established in the late 1960s by the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) of the Department of ... More


Lessons from the History of the Internet

Manuel Castells

in The Internet Galaxy: Reflections on the Internet, Business, and Society

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199255771
eISBN:
9780191698279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199255771.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter focuses on the critical lessons that can be derived from the building of the ARPANET in the 1960s to the outburst of the World Wide Web in the 1990s. It notes that the historical ... More


Analysis of the Early Phase of Internet Development

Ilkka Tuomi

in Networks of Innovation: Change and Meaning in the Age of the Internet

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269051
eISBN:
9780191699337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269051.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management, Innovation

This chapter summarizes the early history of the Internet and describes the various technological frames that generated the basic innovations of computer networking. In other words, it puts history ... More


The Politics of the Internet I: Computer Networks, Civil Society, and the State

Manuel Castells

in The Internet Galaxy: Reflections on the Internet, Business, and Society

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199255771
eISBN:
9780191698279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199255771.003.0006
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter examines the interaction between the Internet and processes of socio-political conflict, representation, and management by focusing on four distinct, though related, areas in which this ... More


e-Business and the New Economy

Manuel Castells

in The Internet Galaxy: Reflections on the Internet, Business, and Society

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199255771
eISBN:
9780191698279
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199255771.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This chapter defines e-Business as any business activity whose performance of the key operations of management, financing innovation, production, distribution, sales, employee relations, and customer ... More


Introduction: A short introduction to networks and why we study them

M. E. J. Newman

in Networks: An Introduction

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199206650
eISBN:
9780191594175
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199206650.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

A network is, in its simplest form, a collection of points joined together in pairs by lines. In the jargon of the field the points are referred to as vertices or nodes and the lines are referred to ... More


Computer Input, Computer Networks, and Productivity

B. K. Atrostic and Sang Nguyen

in Hard-to-Measure Goods and Services: Essays in Honor of Zvi Griliches

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226044491
eISBN:
9780226044507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226044507.003.0014
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

In a previous study, the authors found a positive and significant relationship between computer networks and labor productivity in U.S. manufacturing, using the first survey data on the presence of ... More


From Network to Patchwork: Three Pioneering Network Projects That Didn’t, 1959 to 1962

Benjamin Peters

in How Not to Network a Nation: The Uneasy History of the Soviet Internet

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780262034180
eISBN:
9780262334198
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034180.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This chapter chronicles the first three aborted proposals to network the Soviet nation, including military engineer Kitov’s short-lived attempt to share a military network with economists, ... More


The Internet Grows Up and Goes to Work: User-Friendly Tools for Productive Adults

Stephanie Ricker Schulte

in Cached: Decoding the Internet in Global Popular Culture

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814708668
eISBN:
9780814788684
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814708668.003.0003
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter discusses how in the decade following the release of WarGames, computing became a more common activity, which led to more networking. It illustrates how computer networking emerged as a ... More


Applying Weapons Law to Particular Weapon Systems

William H. Boothby

in Weapons and the Law of Armed Conflict

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199569946
eISBN:
9780191705250
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199569946.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

This chapter aims to assist those who seek to apply the weapons law rules outlined in the book to particular weapons systems. It takes those weapons in turn and explains which legal rules would ... More


Networks

Mark Newman

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198805090
eISBN:
9780191843235
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198805090.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

The study of networks, including computer networks, social networks, and biological networks, has attracted enormous interest in recent years. The rise of the Internet and the wide availability of ... More


The Chinese People’s Liberation Army Computer Network Operations Infrastructure

Mark A. Stokes

in China and Cybersecurity: Espionage, Strategy, and Politics in the Digital Domain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780190201265
eISBN:
9780190201302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190201265.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

Chinese cyber espionage constitutes an advanced persistent threat (APT)—an intrusion above and beyond traditional cybercrime—to US national and economic security. Groups operating from PRC territory ... More


Civil-Military Integration and Cybersecurity: A Study of Chinese Information Warfare Militias

Robert Sheldon and Joe McReynolds

in China and Cybersecurity: Espionage, Strategy, and Politics in the Digital Domain

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
April 2015
ISBN:
9780190201265
eISBN:
9780190201302
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190201265.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, International

This chapter assesses Chinese civil-military integration in the context of operations in the cyber domain, focusing particularly on the development of cyberwarfare capabilities in China’s militia ... More


Communications Equipment: What Has Happened to Prices?

Mark Doms

in Measuring Capital in the New Economy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226116129
eISBN:
9780226116174
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226116174.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

This chapter examines price and quality change for communications equipment using a newly developed data. The findings reveal that a high pace of quality change in communications equipment, ... More


The Personal Computer and Social Media

Paul E. Ceruzzi

in Social Media Archeology and Poetics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034654
eISBN:
9780262336871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034654.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

The use of digital computers to facilitate social interaction has not eclipsed the uses for which they were invented, but it often seems that way. That use requires an ability to network computers to ... More


Introduction

Mizuko Ito

in Networked Publics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262220859
eISBN:
9780262285483
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262220859.003.0001
Subject:
Information Science, Communications

The 1990s saw the emergence of computer networking as a major component of communications and media, with the dominant metaphors for information technology shifting from computing and artificial ... More


Everyday Cryptography: Fundamental Principles and Applications

Keith M. Martin

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199695591
eISBN:
9780191774898
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695591.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

Cryptography is a vital technology that underpins the security of information in computer networks. This book presents an introduction to the role that cryptography plays in providing information ... More


The Defender’s View

Ben Buchanan

in The Cybersecurity Dilemma: Hacking, Trust and Fear Between Nations

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780190665012
eISBN:
9780190686543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190665012.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter examines defensive cyber operations in a fashion similar to kill chain analysis. It presents an outline of how baseline network defense is done, and what technologies and techniques ... More


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