## Reductive Logic and Proof-search: Proof Theory, Semantics, and Control

*David J. Pym and Eike Ritter*

- Published in print:
- 2004
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198526339
- eISBN:
- 9780191712012
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198526339.001.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This a research study about logic. Logic is both part of and has roles in many disciplines, including inter alia, mathematics, computing, and philosophy. The topic covered here — the mathematical ... More

## INTRODUCTION

*Jon Williamson*

### in Bayesian Nets and Causality: Philosophical and Computational Foundations

- Published in print:
- 2004
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198530794
- eISBN:
- 9780191712982
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198530794.003.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Logic / Computer Science / Mathematical Philosophy

This chapter describes the central claims of the book. From a philosophical point of view, the book argues for an objective Bayesian interpretation of probability and an epistemic interpretation of ... More

## LOT 2: The Language of Thought Revisited

*Jerry A. Fodor*

- Published in print:
- 2008
- Published Online:
- February 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199548774
- eISBN:
- 9780191721106
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548774.001.0001
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This book presents a new development of the famous Language of Thought hypothesis, which has since the 1970s been at the centre of interdisciplinary debate about how the mind works. The book defends ... More

## Bayesian Models: A Statistical Primer for Ecologists

*N. Thompson Hobbs and Mevin B. Hooten*

- Published in print:
- 2015
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691159287
- eISBN:
- 9781400866557
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691159287.001.0001
- Subject:
- Biology, Ecology

Bayesian modeling has become an indispensable tool for ecological research because it is uniquely suited to deal with complexity in a statistically coherent way. This book provides a comprehensive ... More

## Epilogue

*Luc Bovens and Stephan Hartmann*

### in Bayesian Epistemology

- Published in print:
- 2004
- Published Online:
- January 2005
- ISBN:
- 9780199269754
- eISBN:
- 9780191601705
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/0199269750.003.0007
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Presents some general reflections on the role and the challenges of probabilistic modelling in philosophy.

## Outlook

*Vlatko Vedral*

### in Introduction to Quantum Information Science

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- January 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199215706
- eISBN:
- 9780191706783
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215706.003.0014
- Subject:
- Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book has discussed the foundations of quantum information science as well as the relationship between physics and information theory in general. It has considered the quantum equivalents of the ... More

## Fast Computation on Massive Data Sets

*Željko Ivezi, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, Alexander Gray, Željko Ivezi, Andrew J. Connolly, Jacob T. VanderPlas, and Alexander Gray*

### in Statistics, Data Mining, and Machine Learning in Astronomy: A Practical Python Guide for the Analysis of Survey Data

- Published in print:
- 2014
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691151687
- eISBN:
- 9781400848911
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691151687.003.0002
- Subject:
- Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter describes basic concepts and tools for tractably performing the computations described in the rest of this book. The need for fast algorithms for such analysis subroutines is becoming ... More

## Neural Networks and Brain Function

*Edmund Rolls and Alessandro Treves*

- Published in print:
- 1997
- Published Online:
- March 2012
- ISBN:
- 9780198524328
- eISBN:
- 9780191724466
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198524328.001.0001
- Subject:
- Neuroscience, Development

The aim of this book is to describe the types of computation that can be performed by biologically plausible neural networks, and to show how these may be implemented in different systems in the ... More

## Computations, Transition Formulae, and the Local Index Formula

*Simon Scott*

### in Traces and Determinants of Pseudodifferential Operators

- Published in print:
- 2010
- Published Online:
- January 2011
- ISBN:
- 9780198568360
- eISBN:
- 9780191594748
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198568360.003.0004
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Analysis

In this chapter the constructions of chapters 1 and 2 for are illustrated with explicit computations. The first part of the chapter presents various methods of computation commonly used in the ... More

## Structure Defines Function

*Buzsáki György*

### in Rhythms of the Brain

- Published in print:
- 2006
- Published Online:
- May 2009
- ISBN:
- 9780195301069
- eISBN:
- 9780199863716
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301069.003.0002
- Subject:
- Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

The neocortex is built from five principal-cell types and numerous classes of interneurons. Early formulation of cortical structure emphasized the modularity of the neocortex. Its robust local ... More

## On non-parametric statistical methods

*Peter Hall*

### in Celebrating Statistics: Papers in honour of Sir David Cox on his 80th birthday

- Published in print:
- 2005
- Published Online:
- September 2007
- ISBN:
- 9780198566540
- eISBN:
- 9780191718038
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566540.003.0007
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Probability / Statistics

This chapter describes some contemporary topics in non-parametric statistics and outlines their relation to computation, particularly some topics on pure mathematics. It opens with a brief comparison ... More

## Algebraic Thought in Ancient and Medieval China

*Victor J. Katz and Karen Hunger Parshall*

### in Taming the Unknown: A History of Algebra from Antiquity to the Early Twentieth Century

- Published in print:
- 2014
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691149059
- eISBN:
- 9781400850525
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691149059.003.0005
- Subject:
- Mathematics, History of Mathematics

This chapter takes a look at the scope of mathematics in Ancient and Medieval China. Although the Chinese engaged in numerical calculation as early as the middle of the second millennium BCE, the ... More

## Statistical Shape Theory

*Wilfrid S. Kendall and Huiling Le*

### in New Perspectives in Stochastic Geometry

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- February 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780199232574
- eISBN:
- 9780191716393
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232574.003.0010
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

There are many variations on what one may regard as statistical shape, depending on the application in mind. The focus of this chapter is the statistical analysis of the shapes determined by finite ... More

## What Is Statistical Learning, and What Statistical Learning Is Not

*Jenny R. Saffran*

### in Neoconstructivism: The New Science of Cognitive Development

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- February 2010
- ISBN:
- 9780195331059
- eISBN:
- 9780199864072
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331059.003.0009
- Subject:
- Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter discusses statistical learning and its role in language acquisition. It focuses on three issues that are implicit in this characterization of statistical learning: the nature of the ... More

## SOLAR RADIATION TRANSFER IN THE ATMOSPHERE

*I. M. Vardavas and F. W. Taylor*

### in Radiation and Climate

- Published in print:
- 2007
- Published Online:
- January 2008
- ISBN:
- 9780199227471
- eISBN:
- 9780191711138
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227471.003.0006
- Subject:
- Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter examines the transfer of solar radiation within the Earth's atmosphere and at the surface. The main processes discussed are molecular absorption in the ultraviolet-visible and ... More

## Introduction

*D. Gary Miller*

### in Language Change and Linguistic Theory, Volume II: Morphological, Syntactic, and Typological Change

- Published in print:
- 2010
- Published Online:
- January 2011
- ISBN:
- 9780199583430
- eISBN:
- 9780191595288
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583430.003.0001
- Subject:
- Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Positional correlations and linearization changes mark the transition to morphology and syntax. On most theoretical accounts, morphology is not autonomous, but interacts with at least three other ... More

## Bayesian Estimation of DSGE Models

*Edward P. Herbst and Frank Schorfheide*

- Published in print:
- 2015
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691161082
- eISBN:
- 9781400873739
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691161082.001.0001
- Subject:
- Economics and Finance, Econometrics

Dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) models have become one of the workhorses of modern macroeconomics and are extensively used for academic research as well as forecasting and policy ... More

## Merging Features: Computation, Interpretation, and Acquisition

*José M. Brucart, Anna Gavarró, and Jaume Solà (eds)*

- Published in print:
- 2009
- Published Online:
- May 2009
- ISBN:
- 9780199553266
- eISBN:
- 9780191720833
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553266.001.0001
- Subject:
- Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

This book presents new work on how Merge and formal features, two Basic factors in the Minimalist program, should determine the syntactic computation of natural language. Merge combines similar ... More

## Krylov Subspace Methods: Principles and Analysis

*Jörg Liesen and Zdenek Strakos*

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- January 2013
- ISBN:
- 9780199655410
- eISBN:
- 9780191744174
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199655410.001.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Algebra

This book offers a detailed treatment of the mathematical theory of Krylov subspace methods with focus on solving systems of linear algebraic equations. Starting from the idea of projections, Krylov ... More

## Gestalts and Rules

*David Hodgson*

### in Rationality + Consciousness = Free Will

- Published in print:
- 2012
- Published Online:
- May 2012
- ISBN:
- 9780199845309
- eISBN:
- 9780199932269
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Oxford University Press
- DOI:
- 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845309.003.0006
- Subject:
- Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

In Chapter 5, I offer a specific and straightforward proposal as to what the role of consciousness is, namely to enable an organism to be responsive to circumstances grasped as wholes, not just to ... More