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Computation and the Function of Consciousness

Gualtiero Piccinini

in Neurocognitive Mechanisms: Explaining Biological Cognition

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780198866282
eISBN:
9780191903922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198866282.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter discusses the connection between computation and consciousness. Three theses are sometimes conflated. Functionalism is the view that the mind is the functional organization of the brain. ... More


The Computational Theory of Mind

Craig Delancey

in Passionate Engines: What Emotions Reveal about the Mind and Artificial Intelligence

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195142716
eISBN:
9780199833153
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195142713.003.0011
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

A strong form of the computational theory of mind is shown to be incompatible with our best understanding of emotions. Basic emotions – because they are bodily states that influence perception, the ... More


Locality

Jerry A. Fodor

in LOT 2: The Language of Thought Revisited

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199548774
eISBN:
9780191721106
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548774.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

There are increasingly good reasons to doubt that the ‘classical’ representational theory of mind (RTM) language of thought (LOT) computational theory of mind (CTM) model is anything like a general ... More


Facing Facts

Stephen Neale

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199247158
eISBN:
9780191598081
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199247153.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This book is an original examination of attempts to dislodge a cornerstone of modern philosophy: the idea that our thoughts and utterances are representations of slices of reality. Representations ... More


The Computationalist Argument for Multiple Realizability

Thomas W. Polger

in The Multiple Realization Book

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198732891
eISBN:
9780191796913
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198732891.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Many arguments for multiple realization begin with the claim that psychological states are computational states, and conclude the abstractness of computational states assures their multiple ... More


Jerry Fodor’s Globality Challenge to the Computational Theory of Mind

Susan Schneider

in The Language of Thought: A New Philosophical Direction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015578
eISBN:
9780262295833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015578.003.0027
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter explains the problem faced by the computational theory of mind (CTM) caused by the context-sensitive nature of beliefs and the context-insensitive nature of syntactic properties, which ... More


Mental Symbols

Susan Schneider

in The Language of Thought: A New Philosophical Direction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015578
eISBN:
9780262295833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015578.003.0046
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter posits that language of thought’s (LOT) symbols are algorithmic in nature, and that they are distinguished by the role they play in computation. Three arguments will be presented in this ... More


Conclusion

Susan Schneider

in The Language of Thought: A New Philosophical Direction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015578
eISBN:
9780262295833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015578.003.0088
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter illustrates how philosophers endeavoring to integrate mentality into the world that science investigates naturally turn their gaze to computational approaches in cognitive science, such ... More


What LOT’s Mental States Cannot Be Ruling out Alternative Conceptions

Susan Schneider

in The Language of Thought: A New Philosophical Direction

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015578
eISBN:
9780262295833
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015578.003.0036
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter provides an account of the nature of language of thought’s (LOT) mental symbols. Through a two-fold dialectical strategy, an argument is presented to make the case that LOT and ... More


Genes and Machines

Jason Blakely

in We Built Reality: How Social Science Infiltrated Culture, Politics, and Power

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190087371
eISBN:
9780190087418
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190087371.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The notion that human beings are simply sophisticated robots or computing machines has spread widely across society in the last several decades. This claim has a basis in a popular theory of ... More


Working Assumptions

Jerry A. Fodor and Zenon W. Pylyshyn

in Minds without Meanings: An Essay on the Content of Concepts

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027908
eISBN:
9780262320320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027908.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter considers some of the working assumptions about mental representations in relation to language. It begins by assuming that behaviorism is false root and branch; in the paradigm cases, ... More


Language as Cognitive Labels

Douglas Robinson

in Feeling Extended: Sociality as Extended Body-Becoming-Mind

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780262019477
eISBN:
9780262314909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019477.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Interrogates Adams and Aizawa’s attempt to protect the intracraniality of “true cognition” by excluding the transcraniality of natural language from cognitive processing. This attempt is first traced ... More


It’s in My Bones

Iris Berent

in The Blind Storyteller

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9780190061920
eISBN:
9780190061951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190061920.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

When I point to an object, you and I can agree on what it is (a red, round cup). How does our brain (matter) represent such notions? And how do we (distinct material bodies) apparently converge so we ... More


On Concepts, Modules, and Language: Cognitive Science at Its Core

Roberto G. de Almeida and Lila R. Gleitman (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780190464783
eISBN:
9780190464806
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190464783.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

What are the landmarks of the cognitive revolution? What are the core topics of modern cognitive science? Where is cognitive science heading? These and other questions are addressed in this volume by ... More


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