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Computational Molecular Evolution

Ziheng Yang

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198567028
eISBN:
9780191728280
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567028.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The field of molecular evolution has experienced explosive growth in recent years due to the rapid accumulation of genetic sequence data, continuous improvements to computer hardware and software, ... More


Electronic Structure Methods in Materials Theory

Wai-yim Ching and Paul Rulis

in Electronic Structure Methods for Complex Materials: The orthogonalized linear combination of atomic orbitals

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199575800
eISBN:
9780191740992
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575800.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This introductory chapter gives an overall view of the realm of density functional theory based electronic structure calculations and their impact on complex materials research. There are already ... More


Computers in Mathematical Inquiry

Jeremy Avigad

in The Philosophy of Mathematical Practice

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199296453
eISBN:
9780191711961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199296453.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The use of computers in mathematics raises a number of questions of a generally epistemological character. This chapter surveys the ways in which computers are used in mathematics, clarifies some of ... More


Computational Decision Support Regret-Based Models for Optimization and Preference Elicitation

Craig Boutilier

in Comparative Decision Making

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199856800
eISBN:
9780199301508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199856800.003.0041
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

The goal of decision support is to develop methods that assist decision makers. In this chapter computational methods are brought to bear on a multi-dimensional choice problem with the two-part ... More


Computational Foundations

John K. Tsotsos

in A Computational Perspective on Visual Attention

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015417
eISBN:
9780262295420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015417.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Vision

This chapter examines the role of computational methods in determining brain mechanisms. Computation is a key basis for modeling complex phenomena such as cognition. Computation’s language is the ... More


Model-based analysis of decision variables

Kenji Doya, Makoto Ito, and Kazuyuki Samejima

in Decision Making, Affect, and Learning: Attention and Performance XXIII

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199600434
eISBN:
9780191725623
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199600434.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology

When determining the neural correlates of decision making, a major difficulty is the non-stationarity of the brain's response. The evaluation of the same action should vary over time depending on the ... More


Phylogenetic Models of Language Change

Russell D. Gray, Simon J. Greenhill, and Quentin D. Atkinson

in Cultural Evolution: Society, Technology, Language, and Religion

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262019750
eISBN:
9780262318297
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019750.003.0015
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Computational methods derived from evolutionary biology are increasingly being applied to the study of cultural evolution. This is particularly the case in studies of language evolution, where ... More


Nonlinear Structure and Halo Formation

Abraham Loeb and Steven R. Furlanetto

in The First Galaxies in the Universe

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691144917
eISBN:
9781400845606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691144917.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter studies the evolution of perturbations in the nonlinear regime. It focuses for the most part on analytic models that shed light on the physical processes involved. The advent of computer ... More


An Introduction to Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics

Robert H. Swendsen

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199646944
eISBN:
9780191775123
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646944.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book is an introduction to statistical mechanics and thermodynamics. Relevant probability theory is included. Part 1 develops the basic ideas of statistical mechanics, as illustrated by a ... More


From Digital Humanities to Speculative Computing

Johanna Drucker

in SpecLab: Digital Aesthetics and Projects in Speculative Computing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226165073
eISBN:
9780226165097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226165097.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter discusses the differences between digital humanities and speculative computing. It explains that the early character of digital humanities was formed by concessions to the exigencies of ... More


Quantitative Methods: Motion Analysis, Audio Analysis, and Continuous Response Techniques

Werner Goebl, Simon Dixon, and Emery Schubert

in Expressiveness in music performance: Empirical approaches across styles and cultures

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199659647
eISBN:
9780191771651
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659647.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter introduces the reader to developing and state-of-the-art tools for measuring musical expressivity. It summarizes recent quantitative measurement and analysis techniques of three domains ... More


Expressiveness in music performance: Empirical approaches across styles and cultures

Dorottya Fabian, Renee Timmers, and Emery Schubert (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780199659647
eISBN:
9780191771651
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659647.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Social Psychology

What does it mean to be expressive in music performance in diverse historical and cultural domains? What are the means at the disposal of a performer in various time periods and musical practice ... More


The Lattice Boltzmann Equation: For Complex States of Flowing Matter

Sauro Succi

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780199592357
eISBN:
9780191847967
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199592357.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Over the past near three decades, the Lattice Boltzmann method has gained a prominent role as an efficient computational method for the numerical simulation of a wide variety of complex states of ... More


The epicenter of linguistic behavior

Edward P. Stabler

in Language Down the Garden Path: The Cognitive and Biological Basis for Linguistic Structures

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199677139
eISBN:
9780191756368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677139.003.0018
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Bever calls grammar “the epicenter of all language behavior” but observes that the relation between grammar and models of linguistic behavior remains unclear. This chapter reviews some major advances ... More


Aesthetics and New Media

Johanna Drucker

in SpecLab: Digital Aesthetics and Projects in Speculative Computing

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226165073
eISBN:
9780226165097
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226165097.003.0011
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This chapter suggests that discussion of new media should be considered in its relation to aesthetics. This would bring digital art into dialogue with other artistic practices that are part of a ... More


Discrete Probability Theory

Robert H. Swendsen

in An Introduction to Statistical Mechanics and Thermodynamics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199646944
eISBN:
9780191775123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646944.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This chapter introduces the necessary concepts of probability theory for discrete random events, which is then used in Chapter 4. The problems at the end of the chapter emphasize computational ... More


Financial Crashes: What, How, Why, and When?

Didier Sornette

in Why Stock Markets Crash: Critical Events in Complex Financial Systems

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780691175959
eISBN:
9781400885091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691175959.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter explains what financial crashes are and why, how, and when they occur. More specifically, it examines the mechanisms underlying crashes; whether we can forecast crashes; whether we could ... More


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