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Moral Reflection on Economic Justice in Scholastic Economic Thought

James Halteman and Edd Noell

in Reckoning with Markets: The Role of Moral Reflection in Economics

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199763702
eISBN:
9780199932252
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199763702.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The moral reflections of the medieval Scholastics on trade and loans are discussed in this chapter. Institutional change in thirteenth- and fourteenth-century Europe facilitated specialization, the ... More


Backsliding: Understanding Weakness of Will

Alfred R. Mele

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199896134
eISBN:
9780199949533
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199896134.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

People backslide. They freely do things they believe it would be best on the whole not to do – and best from their own point of view, not just the perspective of their peers or their parents. The aim ... More


Agency and Responsibility: A Common-Sense Moral Psychology

Jeanette Kennett

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199266302
eISBN:
9780191699146
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266302.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Is it ever possible for people to act freely and intentionally against their better judgement? Is it ever possible to act in opposition to one's strongest desire? If either of these questions are ... More


 The Pluralist Imperative: Muslim Perspectives

Jane Idleman Smith

in Muslims, Christians, and the Challenge of Interfaith Dialogue

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195307313
eISBN:
9780199867875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195307313.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, Islam

This chapter considers three ways in which the question of Islam and pluralism has been addressed by contemporary American Muslims. The first is how the term pluralism is applied by some Muslims to ... More


CONTAMINATED PLOTS, VICIOUS CIRCLES

Dan P. McAdams

in The Redemptive Self: Stories Americans Live By

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195176933
eISBN:
9780199786787
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195176933.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter considers the life stories of American adults who score low on psychological tests measuring generativity. Research suggests that less generative adults tend to construct life stories ... More


Conclusion

Tapio Luoma

in Incarnation and Physics: Natural Science in the Theology of Thomas F. Torrance

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195151893
eISBN:
9780199834419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195151895.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Theology

Torrance's view of the relationship between theology and the natural sciences is based on the doctrine of the Incarnation, involving the patristic term homoousion, and the three ideas detectable in ... More


Responsibility and Retribution

David Hodgson

in Rationality + Consciousness = Free Will

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199845309
eISBN:
9780199932269
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199845309.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, General

In Chapter 11, I give reasons why I contend it is important to maintain ideas of responsibility and retribution in the criminal law. I argue that both consequentialist considerations and ... More


Causation and the Excuses

Michael Moore

in Placing Blame: A Theory of the Criminal Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199599493
eISBN:
9780191594649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599493.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Excuses are seen as what are needed to move from prima facie culpability, to actual culpability. Excuses give the conditions under which an otherwise culpable choice is not blameworthy (either at ... More


Choice, Character, and Excuse

Michael Moore

in Placing Blame: A Theory of the Criminal Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199599493
eISBN:
9780191594649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599493.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Having rejected the causal theory of excuse in chapter 12, it remains to ascertain what would be a good theory of the excuses. Two such theories are examined, the choice theory and the character ... More


Mental Illness and Responsibility

Michael Moore

in Placing Blame: A Theory of the Criminal Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199599493
eISBN:
9780191594649
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199599493.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The insanity defence is the criminal law’s most self-conscious home for its otherwise presupposed theory of the person. This point is only seen, however, by stripping away centuries of legal doctrine ... More


Organizational Learning Disabilities and Organizational Amnesia

Sandra L. Bloom and Brian Farragher

in Destroying Sanctuary: The Crisis in Human Service Delivery Systems

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195374803
eISBN:
9780199865420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374803.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This chapter has a wide focus, covering many of the cognitive problems that are secondary to chronic organizational stress. Stress interferes with organizational learning, organizational memory is ... More


Negative Theology and Conversion: Derrida's Neoplatonic Compulsions

Stephen Gersh

in Derrida and Antiquity

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199545544
eISBN:
9780191720598
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199545544.003.0005
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This chapter concentrates on two of Derrida's texts, How to Avoid Speaking: Denials and Circumfession, in order to show how the author reads major figures within the Platonic or Neoplatonic ... More


Temptation

Richard Holton

in Willing, Wanting, Waiting

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199214570
eISBN:
9780191706547
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199214570.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Philosophers frequently draw a distinction between cases standard temptation, that does not impugn agency, and addictive temptation, that does. This chapter concedes that there is an important ... More


Modality

Sandra Visser and Thomas Williams

in Anselm

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195309386
eISBN:
9780199852123
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309386.003.0011
Subject:
Religion, Philosophy of Religion

This chapter offers a systematic account of the theory of modality that Anselm employs in his discussion of the problem of foreknowledge and freedom. It begins by examining his conception of ... More


Moral Failures and Moral Responsibility: Recklessness, Weakness, Compulsion

Jeanette Kennett

in Agency and Responsibility: A Common-Sense Moral Psychology

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199266302
eISBN:
9780191699146
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199266302.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues against Watson's view that those who have the capacity for self-control need not always exercise it. It outlines the criteria for determining whether agents are weak or ... More


Excusing Addiction

Gary Watson

in Agency and Answerability: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199272273
eISBN:
9780191709968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272273.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Chapter 3 showed that we have good reason to believe that addiction impairs responsiveness to reasons and volitional control. This chapter considers whether this sort of impairment should ever ... More


The Distinction between the Voluntary and the Involuntary

W.F.R. Hardie

in Aristotle's Ethical Theory

Published in print:
1980
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198246329
eISBN:
9780191680953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198246329.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

At the beginning of Book III, Aristotle gives reasons for discussing the distinction between the ‘voluntary’ (hekousion) and the ‘involuntary’. To say that some action was done, some effect produced, ... More


Skepticism about Weakness of Will

Gary Watson

in Agency and Answerability: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199272273
eISBN:
9780191709968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272273.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter considers two sorts of scepticism about the possibility of knowingly acting against one's practical judgment, or weakness of will. The Socratic view that weak behaviour is impossible ... More


Disordered Appetites: Addiction, Compulsion, and Dependence

Gary Watson

in Agency and Answerability: Selected Essays

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199272273
eISBN:
9780191709968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199272273.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter develops a conception of addiction as an acquired appetite. On this account, addictions are continuous with our general vulnerabilities as appetitive creatures; vulnerabilities to ... More


International Competition Law Defences

Chris Noonan

in The Emerging Principles of International Competition Law

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199207527
eISBN:
9780191708817
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207527.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Competition Law

This chapter examines the so-called international competition law defences: the application of sovereign immunity, the act of state doctrine, foreign sovereign compulsion, and petitioning immunity in ... More


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