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Cross‐Class Alliance: The Social Democratic Breakthrough

Peter A. Swenson

in Capitalists against Markets: The Making of Labor Markets and Welfare States in the United States and Sweden

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195142976
eISBN:
9780199872190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195142977.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter picks up where the last left off, in the 1930s, when the Swedish Social Democratic Party took power, and instead of undermining solidarism, actually helped employers achieve their long ... More


Egalitarian Employers: Behind Swedish Wage Equality

Peter A. Swenson

in Capitalists against Markets: The Making of Labor Markets and Welfare States in the United States and Sweden

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195142976
eISBN:
9780199872190
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195142977.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter wraps up the analysis of solidarism's development through the 1950s with historical evidence showing how employers strongly favored continued wage compression, a fact that thoroughly ... More


FURTHER ADVANCED TECHNIQUES

Rolf Niedermeier

in Invitation to Fixed-Parameter Algorithms

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566076
eISBN:
9780191713910
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566076.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This chapter surveys further important techniques for designing fixed-parameter algorithms. These include color-coding, integer linear programming, iterative compression, greedy localization, and ... More


Limitations and potentials of hearing aids

Brian C. J. Moore

in Perceptual Consequences of Cochlear Damage

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198523307
eISBN:
9780191712456
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523307.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Health Psychology

This chapter describes the types of signal processing used in hearing aids to compensate for cochlear hearing loss. Topics covered include limitations of conventional hearing aids; general problems ... More


Sweden

A. B. Atkinson

in The Changing Distribution of Earnings in OECD Countries

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199532438
eISBN:
9780191714559
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199532438.003.0032
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter presents tables of data on Sweden and an account of its increased earnings distribution. It shows that Sweden's experience over the period since 1960 can be summarized as stability, ... More


Reaction of the neuronal cell body to axonal damage

GEORG W. KREUTZBERG

in The Axon: Structure, Function and Pathophysiology

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195082937
eISBN:
9780199865802
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082937.003.0019
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter discusses the reaction of neurons to axonal damage. Axonal injury, which can occur following trauma, compression, or inflammation leads to a characteristic retrograde reaction in the ... More


Hydrodynamics

Stefano Atzeni and JÜrgen Meyer-Ter-Vehn

in The Physics of Inertial Fusion: BeamPlasma Interaction, Hydrodynamics, Hot Dense Matter

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780198562641
eISBN:
9780191714030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198562641.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter is devoted to hydrodynamic concentration of energy, in particular to cold isentropic compression of matter by converging hydrodynamic flows. The discussion is restricted to ... More


Oscillations in the “Other Cortex”: Navigation in Real and Memory Space

Buzsáki György

in Rhythms of the Brain

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195301069
eISBN:
9780199863716
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195301069.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Neuroendocrine and Autonomic, Techniques

The hippocampus and associated structures are organized in multiple loops, with reciprocal connections to the neocortex. The most prominent collective pattern of hippocampal neurons is theta ... More


DYNAMIC METHODS IN THE PHYSICS OF NONIDEAL PLASMA

V. E. Fortov, I. T. Iakubov, and A. G. Khrapak

in Physics of Strongly Coupled Plasma

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299805
eISBN:
9780191714948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299805.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter presents an overview of the principles of dynamic generation and diagnostics of strongly coupled plasmas. The dynamic methods of plasma generation are based on hydrodynamic methods of ... More


METALLIZATION OF NONIDEAL PLASMAS

V. E. Fortov, I. T. Iakubov, and A. G. Khrapak

in Physics of Strongly Coupled Plasma

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199299805
eISBN:
9780191714948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299805.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Nuclear and Plasma Physics

This chapter discusses the properties of strongly coupled plasmas created not by strong heating but by strong compression at relatively low temperatures by means of the pressure-induced ionization. ... More


Variational methods for wavelets, with S. Dahlke

Klaus Böhmer

in Numerical Methods for Nonlinear Elliptic Differential Equations: A Synopsis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199577040
eISBN:
9780191595172
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199577040.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Chapter 9 studies S. Dahlke studies wavelet methods. This is the first presentation in this generality and is appropriate for nonlinear problems and bifurcation for elliptic PDEs. As a consequence of ... More


The Cognitive Tango

Lawrence M. Zbikowski

in The Artful Mind: Cognitive Science and the Riddle of Human Creativity

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195306361
eISBN:
9780199851034
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306361.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter focuses on the ways in which double-scope integration achieves conceptual compression, a hallmark of art. Cognitively modern human beings have art, language, science, religion, refined ... More


Intercultural communication in palliative care

James Hallenbeck and Vyjeyanthi S Periyakoil

in Handbook of Communication in Oncology and Palliative Care

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199238361
eISBN:
9780191730290
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238361.003.0033
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

Communication occurs in cultural contexts, which are in turn determined by a host of variables — ethnicity, religion, geographic origin, gender, sexual orientation, social role, and age, among ... More


Introduction to information theory

Marc Mézard and Andrea Montanari

in Information, Physics, and Computation

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198570837
eISBN:
9780191718755
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570837.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter introduces some of the basic concepts of information theory, as well as the definitions and notations of probability theory that are used throughout the book. It defines the fundamental ... More


Information theory

Stephen J. Blundell and Katherine M. Blundell

in Concepts in Thermal Physics

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199562091
eISBN:
9780191718236
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199562091.003.0015
Subject:
Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter examines the concept of information and relates it to thermodynamic entropy. It illustrates the deep connection between these two concepts. It begins by formulating one definition of ... More


Politics Under Erasure: Regionalism as Cryptology

Mark Franko

in Martha Graham in Love and War: The Life in the Work

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199777662
eISBN:
9780199950119
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199777662.003.0002
Subject:
Music, Dance, History, American

This chapter analyzes Graham’s Appalachian Spring (1944) as a work that encrypts its popular front critique of American history through revisions of the scenarios Graham wrote for Aaron Copland and ... More


Engineering Mechanics of Deformable Solids: A Presentation with Exercises

Sanjay Govindjee

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199651641
eISBN:
9780191775017
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199651641.001.0001
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

This book covers the essential elements of engineering mechanics for mechanical elements in tension-compression, torsion, and bending. Its approach emphasizes a fundamental bottom-up approach to the ... More


Classical information

Vlatko Vedral

in Introduction to Quantum Information Science

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199215706
eISBN:
9780191706783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215706.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This book deals with the basic concept of information, its importance, and the similarities and differences between classical and quantum information. First, classical information theory and its ... More


Quantum information I

Vlatko Vedral

in Introduction to Quantum Information Science

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199215706
eISBN:
9780191706783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215706.003.0005
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Information is often considered classical in a definite state rather than in a superposition of states. It seems rather strange to consider information in superpositions. Some people would, on the ... More


Quantum information II

Vlatko Vedral

in Introduction to Quantum Information Science

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199215706
eISBN:
9780191706783
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199215706.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

This chapter discusses the principles of quantum information. The quantum mechanical equivalent of the Shannon noisy-channel communication theorem is obtained, along with some profound statements ... More


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