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Communicating Justice: The Second‐Order Problem of Knowledge

Randy E. Barnett

in The Structure of Liberty: Justice and the Rule of Law

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297291
eISBN:
9780191598777
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297297.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The second‐order problem of knowledge is the need to communicate knowledge of justice in a manner that makes the actions it requires accessible to everyone. The need for this message to be conveyed ... More


Cultural Identity and Civic Responsibility

Jeremy Waldron

in Citizenship in Diverse Societies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
October 2005
ISBN:
9780198297703
eISBN:
9780191602948
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019829770X.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Two formulations of civic responsibility are advanced: participating in a way that does not improperly diminish the prospects for peace or the prospect that the inhabitants will come to terms and set ... More


Individual Freedom: Actions

Ian Carter

in A Measure of Freedom

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294535
eISBN:
9780191598951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294530.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Defending a non-value-based and therefore purely empirical conception of overall freedom must involve showing how available actions can, at least in theory, be individuated and counted. The problems ... More


Individual Freedom: Constraints

Ian Carter

in A Measure of Freedom

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294535
eISBN:
9780191598951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294530.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

In order to show that freedom is (at least theoretically) measurable, one must show that the different kinds of constraint on freedom (physical impossibility, threats, difficulty) can be aggregated ... More


Group Freedom

Ian Carter

in A Measure of Freedom

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294535
eISBN:
9780191598951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294530.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The freedom of a group of individuals is best understood as the sum of the degrees of freedom of its individual members. G. A. Cohen has opposed this view, arguing that a group (e.g. the proletariat) ... More


Compossibility, Expression, Accommodation

Catherine Wilson

in Leibniz: Nature and Freedom

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780195143744
eISBN:
9780199835317
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195143744.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Several texts have suggested that Leibniz regards the relations of compossibility, expression, and accommodation (or harmony) as entailing one another — any collection of compossible substances will ... More


Moral Rights

Hillel Steiner

David Copp (ed.)

in The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195147797
eISBN:
9780199785841
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195147790.003.0017
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores the nature of moral rights by examining their formal structure, their status within morality, and rival theories concerning their content. Moral rights are construed as ones ... More


The System in Outline

Benson Mates

in The Philosophy of Leibniz: Metaphysics and Language

Published in print:
1989
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195059465
eISBN:
9780199833429
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195059468.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This chapter presents the bare essentials of Leibniz's metaphysical system, usually called “the monadology.” Preliminary explications are given of some of the associated special terminology.


Leibniz and Relations

Jonathan Bennett

in Learning from Six Philosophers Volume 1

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198250913
eISBN:
9780191597053
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198250916.003.0019
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Leibniz held that there are no basic relational truths; his attempts to show that non‐relational truths supervene on relational ones are assessed. Criticism of the view that according to Leibniz ... More


Leibniz – The Static Ontological and Logical Geneses

Sean Bowden

in The Priority of Events: Deleuze's Logic of Sense

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780748643592
eISBN:
9780748652624
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748643592.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

This chapter examines the influence of Gottfried Leibniz on Gilles Deleuze's philosophy of event. It analyses how Deleuze took up Leibniz's philosophy and evaluates the role of compossibility and ... More


Actions, Predictions, and Books of Life

Alvin I. Goldman

in Joint Ventures: Mindreading, Mirroring, and Embodied Cognition

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199874187
eISBN:
9780190267674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199874187.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

This chapter contradicts the anti-predictionism theory, which states that as long as an action is determined, it can be predicted, and vice versa. It begins by distinguishing between determinism and ... More


The construction of rights

Keith Dowding and Martin van Hees

in Power, Luck and Freedom: Collected essays

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781526107282
eISBN:
9781526120892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Manchester University Press
DOI:
10.7228/manchester/9781526107282.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter examines the sense in which rights can be said to exist. It explores various approaches to the definition and analysis of rights, focusing in particular on the compossibility of rights. ... More


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