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How Words Mean: Lexical Concepts, Cognitive Models, and Meaning Construction

Vyvyan Evans

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199234660
eISBN:
9780191715495
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199234660.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This book is concerned with word meaning, and the role of words in meaning construction. The specific problem addressed concerns how best to account for the inherent variation of word meaning in ... More


LOT 2: The Language of Thought Revisited

Jerry A. Fodor

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199548774
eISBN:
9780191721106
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548774.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Language

This book presents a new development of the famous Language of Thought hypothesis, which has since the 1970s been at the centre of interdisciplinary debate about how the mind works. The book defends ... More


Concepts: Where Cognitive Science Went Wrong

Jerry A. Fodor

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198236368
eISBN:
9780191597404
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198236360.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Jerry Fodor presents a strikingly original theory of the basic constituents of thought. He suggests that the heart of a cognitive science is its theory of concepts, and that cognitive scientists have ... More


The Space of Issues and Options

Paul Horwich

in Reflections on Meaning

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199251247
eISBN:
9780191603983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925124X.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter presents an overview of central issues that must be confronted in developing a decent account of meaning, with various positions that might be taken with respect to them, and with some ... More


Meaning and its Place in the Language Faculty

Paul Horwich

in Reflections on Meaning

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199251247
eISBN:
9780191603983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925124X.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter considers the phenomenon of meaning from the perspective of Chomsky’s ‘I-linguistics’ and his empirical postulation of the ‘language faculty’. After a sketch of that model, the question ... More


Deflating Compositionality

Paul Horwich

in Reflections on Meaning

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199251247
eISBN:
9780191603983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019925124X.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

The meaning of any sentence derives from the meanings of its words and from how those words are syntactically combined with one another. But what explains this ‘principle of compositionality’, and ... More


Sentence Negation and Periphrasis

Andrew Spencer

in Periphrasis: The Role of Syntax and Morphology in Paradigms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265253
eISBN:
9780191760419
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265253.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

In order to establish a typological picture of periphrastic negation, this chapter begins from the criteria for periphrasis established by Ackerman and Stump. These are feature intersection, ... More


The evolution of human communication and language

James R. Hurford

in Sociobiology of Communication: an interdisciplinary perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199216840
eISBN:
9780191712043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216840.003.0014
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Human languages are far more complex than any animal communication system. Furthermore, they are learned, rather than innate, a fact which partially accounts for their great diversity. Human ... More


Indeterminacy and Truth Value Gaps

Mark Richard

in Cuts and Clouds: Vagueness, its Nature, & its Logic

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199570386
eISBN:
9780191722134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570386.003.0027
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues for the following theses. There are perfectly possible meanings (ones of a sort one would think are possessed by many vague predicates) which would necessitate a predicate's being ... More


The Lexical Encoding of Idioms *

Martin Everaert

in Lexical Semantics, Syntax, and Event Structure

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199544325
eISBN:
9780191720536
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544325.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter addresses the question how idioms are lexically represented, and the consequences that this has for a theory about the computational system. It argues that there is no straightforward ... More


Default Semantics: Foundations of a Compositional Theory of Acts of Communication

K. M. Jaszczolt

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199261987
eISBN:
9780191718656
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199261987.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

The book offers an original theory of meaning in discourse that combines a dynamic representation of discourse with an intentional explanation of processing. It contains an exposition of a theory of ... More


Conceptual Semantics

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Without contradiction, linguistic meaning is seen as residing in conceptualization and as having a social-interactive basis. Conceptualization is fundamentally imagistic rather than propositional. ... More


Constructions: General Characterization

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Grammar consists in patterns for assembling symbolically complex expressions. Such expressions are characterized as assemblies of symbolic structures, also called constructions. In large measure, ... More


Rules and Restrictions

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Language is both cognitive and sociocultural, consisting in conventionally sanctioned patterns of communicative activity. These patterns take the form of schemas abstracted from usage events by the ... More


Morphology and semantics

Geert Booij

in The Grammar of Words: An Introduction to Linguistic Morphology

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199226245
eISBN:
9780191710360
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226245.003.009
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The semantic interpretation of complex words is governed by the general principle of compositionality. The semantic scope of morphosyntactic properties of words may be larger than the word on which ... More


A logic for conventional implicatures

Christopher Potts

in The Logic of Conventional Implicatures

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199273829
eISBN:
9780191706653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199273829.003.0003
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This chapter presents the technical details of the proposed theory of conventional implicatures, which is based in the lambda calculus. Semantic types play an important role in organizing the logical ... More


Computational Models of Language Universals: Expressiveness, Learnability, and Consequences

Edward P. Stabler

in Language Universals

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195305432
eISBN:
9780199866953
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195305432.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Models and Architectures

This chapter reports on research showing that it may be a universal structural property of human languages that they fall into a class of languages defined by mildly context-sensitive grammars. It ... More


Facets of Naturalism

Gary Kemp

in Quine versus Davidson: Truth, Reference, and Meaning

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199695621
eISBN:
9780191738524
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199695621.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Quine’s naturalism is not well appreciated for either its force or its detail. It is a scientific view of what science, knowledge and objectivity amount to that takes seriously the fact that such a ... More


Word Meaning

Wayne A. Davis

in Nondescriptive Meaning and Reference: An Ideational Semantics

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199261659
eISBN:
9780191603099
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199261652.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter defines word meaning in terms of speaker meaning and expression. The definition is recursive: in the basic case, individual words and idioms have meaning because of what they are ... More


Compositionality, Flexibility, and Context-Dependence

François Recanati

in Truth-Conditional Pragmatics

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199226993
eISBN:
9780191710223
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199226993.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, General

It has often been observed that the meaning of a word may be affected by the other words which occur in the same sentence. How are we to account for this phenomenon of ‘semantic flexibility’? This ... More


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