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Semantics for Semantics

James R. Shaw, Bradley Armour-Garb, and Bradley Armour-Garb

in Reflections on the Liar

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780199896042
eISBN:
9780190672287
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199896042.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics, Philosophy of Language

This chapter argues that certain important lessons about truth can only be appreciated by approaching semantic circularity from the perspective of a compositional semanticist. It explains our need ... More


Lexical Semantics, Syntax, and Event Structure

Malka Rappaport Hovav, Edit Doron, and Ivy Sichel (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199544325
eISBN:
9780191720536
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544325.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This book focuses on the linguistic representation of temporality in the verbal domain and its interaction with the syntax and semantics of verbs, arguments, and modifiers. Leading scholars explore ... More


Having Meaning

Stephen Schiffer

in The Things We Mean

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199257768
eISBN:
9780191602313
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257760.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

To have meaning is to stand in the meaning relation to a meaning, meanings taken to be characters*. This chapter is about the nature of the meaning relation. A theory of this relation requires saying ... More


Introduction

Matthew Chrisman

in The Meaning of 'Ought': Beyond Descriptivism and Expressivism in Metaethics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
October 2015
ISBN:
9780199363001
eISBN:
9780199363025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199363001.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

Two general kinds of views have become prominent in contemporary metanormative theory: descriptivists hold that normative statements express descriptive beliefs about reality, whereas expressivists ... More


Systematicity and Architectural Pluralism

William Ramsey

in The Architecture of Cognition: Rethinking Fodor and Pylyshyn's Systematicity Challenge

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027236
eISBN:
9780262322461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027236.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

In this chapter, I argue that Fodor and Pylyshyn are justified in claiming that representational systematicity is an important aspect of cognitive activity, but they are wrong to suppose that a ... More


The Representation of Motion

Inderjeet Mani and James Pustejovsky

in Interpreting Motion: Grounded Representations for Spatial Language

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199601240
eISBN:
9780191738968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199601240.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

The representation of motion begins by discussing motion‐oriented extensions of the spatial calculi described in Chapter 3, including models of relative motion. It then describes a ... More


Ramsey's Dialetheism

Vann McGee

in The Law of Non-Contradiction

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199265176
eISBN:
9780191713989
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199265176.003.0018
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

For accommodating defective utterances within compositional semantics, truth-value gaps (Kleene's 3-valued logic) and gluts (Priest's LP) are equally efficient, but in terms of classical logic gaps ... More


Semantic Hermeneutics

Alejandro Pérez Carballo

in Metasemantics: New Essays on the Foundations of Meaning

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199669592
eISBN:
9780191784316
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669592.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Philosophy of Language

It is widely acknowledged that metaethical expressivism requires taking on some substantive commitments in the theory of meaning. Those commitments, however, do not require abandoning orthodox views ... More


Language, Thought, and Communication

Gilbert Harman

in Reasoning, Meaning, and Mind

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198238027
eISBN:
9780191597633
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198238029.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

Consider the idea that a natural language like English is in the first instance incorporated into the system of representation one thinks with. This ‘incorporation’ view is compared with a ... More


A multidimensional logic for hybrid semantics

Daniel Gutzmann

in Use-Conditional Meaning: Studies in Multidimensional Semantics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198723820
eISBN:
9780191791161
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723820.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

Based on the review of in Chapter 3, this chapter develops the new formal logic ℒTU for hybrid semantics, that is both capable of dealing with the entire range of UCIs and overcomes some additional ... More


Type-Driven Syntax and Semantics for Composing Meaning Vectors

STEPHEN CLARK

in Quantum Physics and Linguistics: A Compositional, Diagrammatic Discourse

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199646296
eISBN:
9780191747847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646296.003.0013
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

This chapter presents a theoretical framework that provides an answer to the question of how distributional representations of word meanings should be combined compositionally to produce ... More


Measurement theory and the typology of scales

Daniel Lassiter

in Graded Modality: Qualitative and Quantitative Perspectives

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198701347
eISBN:
9780191770616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198701347.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Computational Linguistics

Most previous work on graded modality has relied on qualitative orderings, rather than degree semantics. This chapter introduces Representational Theory of Measurement (RTM), a framework which makes ... More


Talk About Properties and Propositions

Thomas Hofweber

in Ontology and the Ambitions of Metaphysics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780198769835
eISBN:
9780191822650
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198769835.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The chapter focuses on the question of whether internalism or externalism is true for talk about properties and propositions. Some of the standard arguments are discussed, in particular the ... More


Subjunctive Conditionals: A Linguistic Analysis

Michela Ippolito

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262019484
eISBN:
9780262314879
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262019484.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This book proposes a compositional semantics for subjunctive (or would) conditionals in English that accounts for their felicity conditions and the constraints on the satisfaction of their ... More


Gradation, scales, and degree semantics

Daniel Lassiter

in Graded Modality: Qualitative and Quantitative Perspectives

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198701347
eISBN:
9780191770616
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198701347.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Computational Linguistics

Since many modal expressions in English are overtly gradable, we need to understand gradability in general if we are to understand their semantics. This chapter introduces a number of core notions in ... More


Concepts of motion in language

Inderjeet Mani and James Pustejovsky

in Interpreting Motion: Grounded Representations for Spatial Language

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199601240
eISBN:
9780191738968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199601240.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

Concepts of motion in language introduces a qualitative model for natural language that captures static spatial descriptions expressing topological relations involving contact and ... More


From Sentence to Concept

Preller Anne

in Quantum Physics and Linguistics: A Compositional, Diagrammatic Discourse

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199646296
eISBN:
9780191747847
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199646296.003.0009
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

The compositional functional logical models of natural language are recast as compact closed categories. Composition is based on the geometrical representation of information flow characteristic for ... More


An Integrated View of Phonetics, Phonology, and Prosody

D. Robert Ladd

in Language, Music, and the Brain: A Mysterious Relationship

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262018104
eISBN:
9780262314121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018104.003.0011
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

“Phonetics, phonology, and prosody” do not, as might be thought, constitute a set of three separate subsystems of language: linguistic sound systems have both phonetic and phonological aspects, and ... More


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