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Invitation to Fixed-Parameter Algorithms

Rolf Niedermeier

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198566076
eISBN:
9780191713910
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566076.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

This book provides an introduction to the concept of fixed-parameter tractability. The corresponding design and analysis of efficient fixed-parameter algorithms for optimally solving combinatorially ... More


Graphs and Homomorphisms

Pavol Hell and Jaroslav Nesetril

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780198528173
eISBN:
9780191713644
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198528173.001.0001
Subject:
Mathematics, Combinatorics / Graph Theory / Discrete Mathematics

Graph theory is now an established discipline but the study of graph homomorphisms has only recently begun to gain wide acceptance and interest. This text is devoted entirely to the subject, bringing ... More


The Indexing Problem

Jonathan Wolff and Avner De-Shalit

in Disadvantage

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199278268
eISBN:
9780191707902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278268.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

If disadvantage is plural, how could we know who are the least advantaged? One possible way of treating this ‘indexing problem’ is to claim that pluralism is not the problem but the solution: that ... More


Theories of Complexity

Dawn R. Gilpin and Priscilla J. Murphy

in Crisis Management in a Complex World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195328721
eISBN:
9780199869930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328721.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter defines major concepts in complexity theory, giving an overview of its foundations and describing the most important theoretical perspectives currently being explored. It links ... More


Evolutionary Worlds without End

Henry Plotkin

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199544950
eISBN:
9780191594366
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544950.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

The book examines the issue of whether there is any general theory in the biological and social sciences that has similar explanatory power to the general theories of physics. Specifically selection ... More


Crisis Management in a Complex World

Dawn R. Gilpin and Priscilla J. Murphy

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195328721
eISBN:
9780199869930
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328721.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

Managers, business owners, public relations practitioners, and others grapple daily with issues that have the potential to radically redefine the reputation of a person, company, or industry. They ... More


Expecting the Unexpected: Challenging Precrisis Assumptions

Dawn R. Gilpin and Priscilla J. Murphy

in Crisis Management in a Complex World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195328721
eISBN:
9780199869930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328721.003.0012
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

Most crisis experts agree that there are two essential areas that an organization must address before a crisis strikes. First, the organization needs to cultivate and maintain good relationships with ... More


Adapting to a Complex World: Challenging Assumptions During a Crisis

Dawn R. Gilpin and Priscilla J. Murphy

in Crisis Management in a Complex World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195328721
eISBN:
9780199869930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328721.003.0013
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter adopts two perspectives to examine major assumptions about developing teams and carrying out crisis plans. It looks first at assumptions made by mainstream crisis management and then at ... More


Complex Recovery: Challenging Assumptions After a Crisis

Dawn R. Gilpin and Priscilla J. Murphy

in Crisis Management in a Complex World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195328721
eISBN:
9780199869930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328721.003.0014
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter examines mainstream and complexity-based approaches to postcrisis evaluation. Topics discussed include information gathering for postcrisis evaluation, and learning, debriefing and ... More


Conclusion: Reframing Crisis Management in a Complex World

Dawn R. Gilpin and Priscilla J. Murphy

in Crisis Management in a Complex World

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195328721
eISBN:
9780199869930
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328721.003.0015
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

This chapter discusses principles that an organization can adopt if it regards itself as a learning organization and sees its relationships as part of a complex adaptive system that changes through ... More


Order in Multiplicity: Homonymy in the Philosophy of Aristotle

Christopher Shields

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253074
eISBN:
9780191598401
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253072.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Ancient Philosophy

Aristotle regularly identifies philosophical and scientific concepts as homonymous; indeed, his preoccupation with homonymy influences his approach to many subjects and clearly structures his ... More


Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond

Paul F. Lurquin and Linda Stone

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315387
eISBN:
9780199785674
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315387.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Intelligent Design (ID) thinking and older style creationism argue that evolution by natural selection is an incorrect theory. This book demonstrates that in doing so, neocreationism (Intelligent ... More


Contrasting Visions of Multi-level Governance

GARY MARKS and LIESBET HOOGHE

in Multi-level Governance

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199259250
eISBN:
9780191600968
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199259259.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Liesbet Hooghe and Gary Marks distinguish between contrasting visions from various literatures, which they label Type I and Type II multi‐level governance. Type I multi‐level governance echoes ... More


End of Life Choices: Consensus and controversy

Fiona Randall and Robin Downie

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199547333
eISBN:
9780191730405
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547333.001.0001
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

A book for nurses, doctors and all who provide end of life care, this volume guides readers through the ethical complexities of such care, including current policy initiatives, and encourages debate ... More


 Creationist Purpose and Irreducible Complexity Rebutted

Paul F. Lurquin and Linda Stone

in Evolution and Religious Creation Myths: How Scientists Respond

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195315387
eISBN:
9780199785674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195315387.003.0003
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

This chapter rebuts irreducible complexity and creationism by explaining the reliability of dating techniques as well as sophisticated laboratory techniques that allow researchers to synthesize ... More


Skittles: The Story of the Tipping Point Metaphor and its Relation to new Realities

Giles Foden

in Addressing Tipping Points for a Precarious Future

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265536
eISBN:
9780191760327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265536.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Environmental Politics

Tipping points are set in complex systems. To make sense of them requires metaphor and narrative. Metaphor is a useful supplement to scientific enquiry, offering a different type of future-orientated ... More


Spin Glasses and Complexity

Daniel L. Stein and Charles M. Newman

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147338
eISBN:
9781400845637
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147338.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Science, Technology and Environment

Spin glasses are disordered magnetic systems that have led to the development of mathematical tools with an array of real-world applications, from airline scheduling to neural networks. This book ... More


The Futility Thesis

Joseph V. Femia

in Against the Masses: Varieties of Anti-Democratic Thought Since the French Revolution

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280637
eISBN:
9780191599231
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280637.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

The futility thesis argues that power elites are necessary in society. Two different types of explanation are offered: psychological and organizational. The former is illustrated through a critical ... More


Conclusion

Joseph V. Femia

in Against the Masses: Varieties of Anti-Democratic Thought Since the French Revolution

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280637
eISBN:
9780191599231
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280637.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Summarizes the various arguments of the book and further explores the idea of unanticipated consequences and its significance for democratic and anti‐democratic thought. Anti‐democratic thinkers ... More


Response

Michael Walzer

in Pluralism, Justice, and Equality

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198280088
eISBN:
9780191599927
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198280084.003.0013
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Responding to the critical assessments of his Spheres of Justice, Michael Walzer rethinks the central aspects of the notion of complex equality. He addresses the following issues: the meaning and ... More


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