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The Interactional Instinct: The Evolution and Acquisition of Language

Namhee Lee, Lisa Mikesell, Anna Dina L. Joaquin, Andrea W. Mates, and John H. Schumann

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195384246
eISBN:
9780199869916
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384246.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This book explores a theory of language evolution as a complex adaptive system that exists as a cultural artifact without any requirement for innate abstract grammatical representations. Language ... More


Viruses as Complex Adaptive Systems

Richard Sole and Santiago F. Elena

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691158846
eISBN:
9780691185118
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158846.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Viruses are everywhere, infecting all sorts of living organisms, from the tiniest bacteria to the largest mammals. Many are harmful parasites, but viruses also play a major role as drivers of our ... More


Grammar as a Complex Adaptive System

Namhee Lee, Lisa Mikesell, Anna Dina L. Joaquin, Andrea W. Mates, and John H. Schumann

in The Interactional Instinct: The Evolution and Acquisition of Language

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195384246
eISBN:
9780199869916
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195384246.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter presents the theory of complex adaptive systems (CASs) as a basis for the evolution of grammar. From this perspective, grammatical structure and language in general exist as an invisible ... More


Resilience of Legal Systems: Toward Adaptive Governance

J. B. Ruhl, Barbara Cosens, and Niko Soininen

in Multisystemic Resilience: Adaptation and Transformation in Contexts of Change

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
March 2021
ISBN:
9780190095888
eISBN:
9780197541159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190095888.003.0027
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Resilience theory, also known as resilience thinking, has emerged as a powerful theoretical framework for many disciplines. Legal theorists have, however, only in the past decade begun to ... More


Safety, systems, complexity, and resilience: What makes organizations safe?

Kieran Sweeney and Mike D Williams

in An Introduction to Clinical Governance and Patient Safety

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199558612
eISBN:
9780191595011
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199558612.003.0051
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter proposes that when viewing the activities of a hospital, it is helpful to see the organization as a complex adaptive system (CAS). Complex organizations are made up of inter-relating ... More


Assembling Diverse Knowledges: Trails and Storied Spaces in Time

David Turnbull and Wade Chambers

in Subversion, Conversion, Development: Cross-Cultural Knowledge Exchange and the Politics of Design

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780262027168
eISBN:
9780262322492
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027168.003.0008
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

This paper explores a variety of approaches to the assemblage of knowledges from differing traditions without subsuming them into the overarching suppositions and prerequisite standards of any given ... More


Reconsidering policy systems

Kate Crowley, Jenny Stewart, Adrian Kay, and Brian W. Head

in Reconsidering Policy: Complexity, Governance and the State

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9781447333111
eISBN:
9781447333159
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447333111.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Systems thinking has been neglected in the policy sciences, to the detriment of both broad understandings of the role of policy, and of policy-making capacity. This chapter remedies this deficiency ... More


Two Meanings of Complex Adaptive Systems

David S. Wilson

in Complexity and Evolution: Toward a New Synthesis for Economics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035385
eISBN:
9780262337717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035385.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

In complex systems theory, two meanings of a complex adaptive system (CAS) need to be distinguished. The first, CAS1, refers to a complex system that is adaptive as a system; the second, CAS2, refers ... More


Studying Emergence:: 15 Fields of Complexity Science

Benyamin Lichtenstein

in Generative Emergence: A New Discipline of Organizational, Entrepreneurial, and Social Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199933594
eISBN:
9780199388370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199933594.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The origins of complexity science lie in 50+ years of research into nonlinear dynamics in the fields of mathematics, physics, biology, information science, and system dynamics. Following numerous ... More


Human Service Organizations: Dead or Alive?

Sandra L. Bloom and Brian Farragher

in Destroying Sanctuary: The Crisis in Human Service Delivery Systems

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195374803
eISBN:
9780199865420
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374803.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

Mental models are the largely unconscious ideas and beliefs that structure what we think about–and what we do not consider. Mental models represent mental short-cuts and limitations. This chapter ... More


Complexity And The Emergence Of Social Work And Criminal Justice Programmes

Michael Wolf-Branigin

in Applying complexity theory: Whole systems approaches to criminal justice and social work

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781447311409
eISBN:
9781447311430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447311409.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

In Chapter Four, Wolf-Branigin makes the case for social work and criminal justice programmes as examples of complex adaptive systems evolving from the efforts of individuals working at the ... More


Population Health as a Complex Adaptive System of Systems

Scott E. Page and Jon Zelner

in Complex Systems and Population Health

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780190880743
eISBN:
9780190880774
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190880743.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter advocates a complex adaptive system of systems approach to understanding population-level processes in population health. A complex adaptive system consists of diverse, interacting ... More


Introduction: The History and Theory of Complexity

Michael Wolf-Branigin

in Using Complexity Theory for Research and Program Evaluation

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199829460
eISBN:
9780199315895
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199829460.003.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Complexity has achieved this paradigm status in both physical and social science disciplines, and forms a theoretical underpinning in fields including communications and linguistics. Complexity has ... More


Viewing Trading Zones Developed to Advance Health as Complex Adaptive Systems

Ann E. Mills, Mary V. Rorty, Lynn Isabella, and Donna T. Chen

in Trading Zones and Interactional Expertise: Creating New Kinds of Collaboration

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014724
eISBN:
9780262289436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014724.003.0013
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

This chapter focuses on the goals and values of trading zones, and on the individuals that constitute them, and shows how these features fundamentally affect the trading zone’s evolution and thus its ... More


Complex causality in improving underperforming schools: a complex adaptive systems approach

Martijn van der Steen, Mark van Twist, Menno Fenger, and Sara Le Cointre

in Rethinking policy and politics: Reflections on contemporary debates in policy studies

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781447319467
eISBN:
9781447319474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447319467.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

When designing and implementing policies, policy makers usually assume linear, proportionate causation between interventions and consequences. Yet frequently unexpected consequences occur that seem ... More


Destroying Sanctuary: The Crisis in Human Service Delivery Systems

Sandra L. Bloom and Brian Farragher

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780195374803
eISBN:
9780199865420
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195374803.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Health and Mental Health

This book describes what happens to human service delivery programs under the impact of unrelenting stress and multiple losses. Never perfect places of safety in the first place, many ... More


Some Perspectives on Linked Ecosystems and Socioeconomic Systems

Kenneth J. Arrow, Paul R. Ehrlich, and Simon A. Levin

in Environment and Development Economics: Essays in Honour of Sir Partha Dasgupta

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780199677856
eISBN:
9780191757266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199677856.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explains that social and ecological systems are intertwined, complex adaptive systems. They are complex adaptive systems because, in each case, behavior by individuals affects the whole, ... More


Child Protection Practice and Complexity

Peter Hassett and Irene Stevens

in Applying complexity theory: Whole systems approaches to criminal justice and social work

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9781447311409
eISBN:
9781447311430
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447311409.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

In Chapter Five, the area of child protection is considered by using an explicitly positivist approach to the existence of power laws within complex adaptive systems that explains repeated failures ... More


The Dynamics of Risk: Changing Technologies and Collective Action in Seismic Events

Louise K. Comfort

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780691165370
eISBN:
9780691186023
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691165370.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

Earthquakes are a huge global threat. In thirty-six countries, severe seismic risks threaten populations and their increasingly interdependent systems of transportation, communication, energy, and ... More


Robust Institutional Design: What Makes Some Institutions More Adaptable and Resilient to Changes in Their Environment Than Others?

Jenna Bednar

in Complexity and Evolution: Toward a New Synthesis for Economics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035385
eISBN:
9780262337717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035385.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, History of Economic Thought

Institutions are designed to alter human behavior. To remain effective over time, institutions need to adapt to changes in the environment or the society the institution is meant to regulate. Douglas ... More


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