*Paula Tretkoff*

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691144771
- eISBN:
- 9781400881253
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691144771.003.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

This chapter explains that the book deals with quotients of the complex 2-ball yielding finite coverings of the projective plane branched along certain line arrangements. It gives a complete list of ...
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This chapter explains that the book deals with quotients of the complex 2-ball yielding finite coverings of the projective plane branched along certain line arrangements. It gives a complete list of the known weighted line arrangements that can produce such ball quotients, and then provides a justification for the existence of the quotients. The Miyaoka-Yau inequality for surfaces of general type, and its analogue for surfaces with an orbifold structure, plays a central role. The book also examines the explicit computation of the proportionality deviation of a complex surface for finite covers of the complex projective plane ramified along certain line arrangements. Candidates for ball quotients among these finite covers arise by choosing weights on the line arrangements such that the proportionality deviation vanishes.Less

This chapter explains that the book deals with quotients of the complex 2-ball yielding finite coverings of the projective plane branched along certain line arrangements. It gives a complete list of the known weighted line arrangements that can produce such ball quotients, and then provides a justification for the existence of the quotients. The Miyaoka-Yau inequality for surfaces of general type, and its analogue for surfaces with an orbifold structure, plays a central role. The book also examines the explicit computation of the proportionality deviation of a complex surface for finite covers of the complex projective plane ramified along certain line arrangements. Candidates for ball quotients among these finite covers arise by choosing weights on the line arrangements such that the proportionality deviation vanishes.

*Paula Tretkoff*

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691144771
- eISBN:
- 9781400881253
- Item type:
- book

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691144771.001.0001
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

This book introduces the theory of complex surfaces through a comprehensive look at finite covers of the projective plane branched along line arrangements. It emphasizes those finite coverings that ...
More

This book introduces the theory of complex surfaces through a comprehensive look at finite covers of the projective plane branched along line arrangements. It emphasizes those finite coverings that are free quotients of the complex 2-ball. The book also includes a background on the classical Gauss hypergeometric function of one variable, and a chapter on the Appell two-variable F1 hypergeometric function. The book began as a set of lecture notes, taken by the author, of a course given by Friedrich Hirzebruch at ETH Zürich in 1996. The lecture notes were then considerably expanded over a number of years. In this book, the author has expanded those notes even further, still stressing examples offered by finite covers of line arrangements. The book is largely self-contained and foundational material is introduced and explained as needed, but not treated in full detail. References to omitted material are provided for interested readers. Aimed at graduate students and researchers, this is an accessible account of a highly informative area of complex geometry.Less

This book introduces the theory of complex surfaces through a comprehensive look at finite covers of the projective plane branched along line arrangements. It emphasizes those finite coverings that are free quotients of the complex 2-ball. The book also includes a background on the classical Gauss hypergeometric function of one variable, and a chapter on the Appell two-variable F1 hypergeometric function. The book began as a set of lecture notes, taken by the author, of a course given by Friedrich Hirzebruch at ETH Zürich in 1996. The lecture notes were then considerably expanded over a number of years. In this book, the author has expanded those notes even further, still stressing examples offered by finite covers of line arrangements. The book is largely self-contained and foundational material is introduced and explained as needed, but not treated in full detail. References to omitted material are provided for interested readers. Aimed at graduate students and researchers, this is an accessible account of a highly informative area of complex geometry.

*Paula Tretkoff*

- Published in print:
- 2016
- Published Online:
- October 2017
- ISBN:
- 9780691144771
- eISBN:
- 9781400881253
- Item type:
- chapter

- Publisher:
- Princeton University Press
- DOI:
- 10.23943/princeton/9780691144771.003.0005
- Subject:
- Mathematics, Geometry / Topology

This chapter discusses complex algebraic surfaces, with particular emphasis on the Miyaoka-Yau inequality and the rough classification of surfaces. Every complex algebraic surface is birationally ...
More

This chapter discusses complex algebraic surfaces, with particular emphasis on the Miyaoka-Yau inequality and the rough classification of surfaces. Every complex algebraic surface is birationally equivalent to a smooth surface containing no exceptional curves. The latter is known as a minimal surface. Two related birational invariants, the plurigenus and the Kodaira dimension, play an important role in distinguishing between complex surfaces. The chapter first provides an overview of the rough classification of (smooth complex connected compact algebraic) surfaces before presenting two approaches that, in dimension 2, give the Miyaoka-Yau inequality. The first, due to Miyaoka, uses algebraic geometry, whereas the second, due to Aubin and Yau, uses analysis and differential geometry. The chapter also explains why equality in the Miyaoka-Yau inequality characterizes surfaces of general type that are free quotients of the complex 2-ball.Less

This chapter discusses complex algebraic surfaces, with particular emphasis on the Miyaoka-Yau inequality and the rough classification of surfaces. Every complex algebraic surface is birationally equivalent to a smooth surface containing no exceptional curves. The latter is known as a minimal surface. Two related birational invariants, the plurigenus and the Kodaira dimension, play an important role in distinguishing between complex surfaces. The chapter first provides an overview of the rough classification of (smooth complex connected compact algebraic) surfaces before presenting two approaches that, in dimension 2, give the Miyaoka-Yau inequality. The first, due to Miyaoka, uses algebraic geometry, whereas the second, due to Aubin and Yau, uses analysis and differential geometry. The chapter also explains why equality in the Miyaoka-Yau inequality characterizes surfaces of general type that are free quotients of the complex 2-ball.