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Complex Sentences

Ronald W. Langacker

in Cognitive Grammar: A Basic Introduction

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195331967
eISBN:
9780199868209
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The distinction between coordination and subordination is not clear-cut. The essence of coordination is the mental juxtaposition of structures construed as parallel and co-equal. Subordination has a ... More


From Question to Subordination

Bernd Heine and Tania Kuteva

in The Changing Languages of Europe

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199297337
eISBN:
9780191711220
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199297337.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

In most languages of Europe, there is a polysemy pattern to the effect that one and the same marker (e.g., English who) is used to introduce both questions and subordinate clauses. This situation is ... More


Why is Sequence of Tense Obligatory?

James Higginbotham

in Tense, Aspect, and Indexicality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239313
eISBN:
9780191716904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239313.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter discusses the sequence of tense in complement clauses and object relative clauses. It shows how, given very simple semantic principles, the basic semantic phenomena associated with ... More


Competence with Demonstratives

James Higginbotham

in Tense, Aspect, and Indexicality

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199239313
eISBN:
9780191716904
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199239313.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

This chapter argues that the impression of conflict between the aim of preserving perspective and the aim of preserving reference — induced by the distinction between those aspects of language use ... More


Clauses with ThatClause Complements

Paul M. Postal

in Edge-Based Clausal Syntax: A Study of (Mostly) English Object Structure

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014816
eISBN:
9780262295482
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014816.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Lexicography

This chapter deals with various clauses having that clause complements, including those containing what appear to be 3 objects. It illustrates how clauses offer important insights into English ... More


Complex sentences and clause linking

Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

in The Art of Grammar: A Practical Guide

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780199683215
eISBN:
9780191764912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199683215.003.0012
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter addresses clause linking and complex clauses. A sentence consists of at least one main clause. The chapter starts with the coordination of two or more clauses of the same status. The ... More


Documenting Raising and Control in Moro

Peter Jenks and Sharon Rose

in Africa's Endangered Languages: Documentary and Theoretical Approaches

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190256340
eISBN:
9780190256364
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190256340.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter details classes of raising and control predicates in Moro and the different types of clausal complements for which these predicates select. It is demonstrated that Moro allows raising ... More


Embedded Verb Second in the history of German

Svetlana Petrova

in Rethinking Verb Second

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
June 2020
ISBN:
9780198844303
eISBN:
9780191879845
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844303.003.0023
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter is a corpus study investigating the presence and the distribution of asyndetic (complementizerless) V2 complement clauses in Old High German. In modern German, such clauses represent ... More


The complex clause

Mihaela Gheorghe, Andreea Dinică, Rodica Zafiu, and Oana Uță Bărbulescu

in The Syntax of Old Romanian

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198712350
eISBN:
9780191780899
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712350.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

The chapter addresses some aspects of the structure of complex clauses in OR, with special attention to subordination. This description focuses on the inventory of clausal connectors in OR ... More


Complementation strategies in Dyirbal

R. M. W. Dixon

in Edible Gender, Mother-in-Law Style, and Other Grammatical Wonders: Studies in Dyirbal, Yidiñ, and Warrgamay

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198702900
eISBN:
9780191772405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198702900.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Language Families

Dyirbal lacks a complement clause construction. However, there are a number of other construction types which have secondary function as ‘complementation strategies’, covering the roles filled by ... More


NEG Raising from Scope Positions

Chris Collins and Paul M. Postal

in Classical NEG Raising: An Essay on the Syntax of Negation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027311
eISBN:
9780262323840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027311.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter focuses on the assumption that the negative polarity item (NPI) phrase occupies a scope position as well as the object position, suggesting that NEG raising takes place only from the ... More


Confounding Cases: Strict NPIs and Scope

Chris Collins and Paul M. Postal

in Classical NEG Raising: An Essay on the Syntax of Negation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027311
eISBN:
9780262323840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027311.003.0009
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter focuses on the scope of strict negative polarity items (NPIs). It first considers scope issues concerning nonfinite complement clauses, with particular emphasis on similar pairs with ... More


Against complementizers

Cecilia Poletto and Emanuela Sanfelici

in Continuity and Variation in Germanic and Romance

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
July 2021
ISBN:
9780198841166
eISBN:
9780191876677
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841166.003.0015
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

In this paper we investigate the syntax of complement clauses in some Romance and Germanic languages by focusing on word order asymmetries and extraction phenomena. We argue that complement clauses ... More


Systemic ambiguity as a motivation in the emergence of logophoricity

Zygmunt Frajzyngier and Marielle Butters

in The Emergence of Functions in Language

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
January 2021
ISBN:
9780198844297
eISBN:
9780191879838
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844297.003.0004
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Language Families

Chapter 4 demonstrates that a systematic ambiguity within a domain may constitute a motivation in the emergence of a function. The functional domain discussed is the domain of reference. The ... More


Complex sentences

Raoul Zamponi and Bernard Comrie

in A Grammar of Akabea

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198855798
eISBN:
9780191889424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198855798.003.0007
Subject:
Linguistics, Language Families, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

This chapter presents the limited available material on complex sentences, in particular coordination of clauses, relative clauses, and complement clauses.


Nonfinite Clauses

Chris Collins and Paul M. Postal

in Classical NEG Raising: An Essay on the Syntax of Negation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780262027311
eISBN:
9780262323840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262027311.003.0019
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter considers the role of nonfinite clauses in the distribution of Classical NEG Raising (NR). It first considers the literature bias toward finite hosts in standard Classical NR cases, ... More


On the personal infinitive in Sicilian*

Delia Bentley

in Diachrony and Dialects: Grammatical Change in the Dialects of Italy

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780198701781
eISBN:
9780191771507
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198701781.003.0005
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This chapter discusses the personal infinitive in Sicilian, taking a comparative and diachronic perspective. It is pointed out that this structure, which is characterized by a nominative subject, has ... More


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