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Shaping the Electoral Arena

Andreas Schedler

in The Politics of Uncertainty: Sustaining and Subverting Electoral Authoritarianism

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199680320
eISBN:
9780191760242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199680320.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Electoral authoritarian regimes transgress democratic norms in severe and systematic ways. Grounded in democratic theory, the chapter first delineates the minimum norms of democratic elections. It ... More


Levitsky and Way and Competitive Authoritarianism: Leverage, Linkage and Organisational Power

J.N.C. Hill

in Democratisation in the Maghreb

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781474408974
eISBN:
9781474427067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474408974.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

This chapter charts and explains Steven Levitsky and Lucan Way’s celebrated model for explaining regime transition. It is divided into four sections. The first provides an overview of the dimensions ... More


Introduction: Democracy and Populism

Julio F. Carrión

in A Dynamic Theory of Populism in Power: The Andes in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780197572290
eISBN:
9780197572320
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197572290.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

The global rise of populism is driving a process of democratic erosion. Accordingly, scholarly attention has shifted from processes of democratization to de-democratization trajectories; or, how ... More


1989 and Its Aftermath: Two Waves of Democratic Change in Postcommunist Europe and Eurasia

Valerie Bunce and Sharon L. Wolchik

in Socialism Vanquished, Socialism Challenged: Eastern Europe and China, 1989-2009

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199895977
eISBN:
9780199980116
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199895977.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter compares two waves of transitions from authoritarianism to democracy in postcommunist Europe and Eurasia. The first wave took place in 1989, when the communist party's monopoly ... More


A Dynamic Theory of Populism in Power: The Andes in Comparative Perspective

Julio F. Carrión

Published in print:
2022
Published Online:
December 2021
ISBN:
9780197572290
eISBN:
9780197572320
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197572290.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

The relationship between populism and democracy is a hotly debated topic. Some believe that populism is inherently bad for democracy because it is anti-pluralist and confrontational. Others argue ... More


Elections, Fraud, and Democracy

Paul Gillingham

in Unrevolutionary Mexico: The Birth of a Strange Dictatorship

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780300253122
eISBN:
9780300258448
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300253122.003.0006
Subject:
History, Latin American History

This chapter examines the rapid swing from would-be authoritarian electoral control to democratic spring and back again. The end of the Second World War fostered the rise of democratic regimes across ... More


A Different Kind of Stroke

Ozan O. Varol

in The Democratic Coup d'État

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190626013
eISBN:
9780190626051
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190626013.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

This chapter analyzes each of the three major components of a democratic coup. First, the military overthrows an authoritarian government. Coups that target democratically elected governments are ... More


Democratisation in the Maghreb

J.N.C. Hill

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9781474408974
eISBN:
9781474427067
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9781474408974.001.0001
Subject:
Society and Culture, Middle Eastern Studies

The book offers fresh insight into the recent political development and contrasting experiences of four Maghreb countries: Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco and Mauritania. The Arab Spring affected them in ... More


Intentional Citizenship and Regime Types

Avia Pasternak

in Responsible Citizens, Irresponsible States: Should Citizens Pay for Their States' Wrongdoings?

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
September 2021
ISBN:
9780197541036
eISBN:
9780197541067
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197541036.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter applies the idea of “intentional citizenship” to real-world states and their citizens. It examines people’s attitudes to their state as reported in cross-national attitude surveys on ... More


Shadowy Deeds in Russia’s Shadow: Conspiracy Claims in Four Countries

Scott Radnitz

in Revealing Schemes: The Politics of Conspiracy in Russia and the Post-Soviet Region

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
June 2021
ISBN:
9780197573532
eISBN:
9780197573570
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780197573532.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This chapter examines Ukraine, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, and Belarus to illustrate how political competition and geopolitical ties affected the frequency and content of conspiracy claims. It uses ... More


Reinforcement or Substitution? Internet and Protest across Different Autocracies

Nils B. Weidmann and Espen Geelmuyden Rød

in The Internet and Political Protest in Autocracies

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190918309
eISBN:
9780190918347
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190918309.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Democratization

Autocratic regimes differ in the extent of individual freedoms they grant their citizens. In particular, in some autocracies, citizens are allowed to form organizations, while in others, freedom of ... More


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