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The fundamentals of competitive interactions

Gary G. Mittelbach and Brian J. McGill

in Community Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198835851
eISBN:
9780191873379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835851.003.0007
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Interspecific competition is a major factor influencing the structure of communities. This chapter examines the principles of interspecific completion, defined as a reduction in the population growth ... More


Product Variety and the Gains from International Trade

Robert C. Feenstra

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062800
eISBN:
9780262289375
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062800.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

The application of the monopolistic competition model to international trade by Elhanan Helpman, Paul Krugman, and Kelvin Lancaster was one of the great achievements of international trade theory in ... More


Community ecology

Otso Ovaskainen, Henrik Johan de Knegt, and Maria del Mar Delgado

in Quantitative Ecology and Evolutionary Biology: Integrating models with data

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780198714866
eISBN:
9780191783210
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714866.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biomathematics / Statistics and Data Analysis / Complexity Studies

This chapter introduces mathematical and statistical modelling approaches in community ecology. It starts with a conceptual section, continues with mathematical and statistical sections, and ends ... More


Efficiency of what?—Assessing efficiency arguments in the context of tax competition

Peter Dietsch

in Catching Capital: The Ethics of Tax Competition

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780190251512
eISBN:
9780190251543
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190251512.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Political Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The concept of efficiency is used in different ways in economics. First, the practical relevance of models that conclude that tax competition is either Pareto optimal or not is limited, because we do ... More


A hierarchical biased-competition model of domain-dependent working memory maintenance and executive control

Susan M. Courtney, Jennifer K. Roth, and Joseph B. Sala

in The Cognitive Neuroscience of Working Memory

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198570394
eISBN:
9780191693816
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570394.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses a neurological implementation of a model that allows for concurrent activation of multiple representations that are distinct from activated areas of long-term memory, which may ... More


Conclusions: Competition across time

Brian MacWhinney

in Competing Motivations in Grammar and Usage

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198709848
eISBN:
9780191780158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709848.003.0022
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Like other biological systems, language emerges as a product of competing motivations that interact at the moment of speaking. These many different motivations are each linked to different timeframes ... More


Policy Context

Peter Vincent-Jones

in The New Public Contracting: Regulation, Responsiveness, Relationality

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199291274
eISBN:
9780191700606
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199291274.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter begins with a brief account of the key public sector reforms, tracing the genealogy of the New Public Contracting from the early 1980s through to the present day. It explores the ... More


Producer Benefits from Export Variety

Robert C. Feenstra

in Product Variety and the Gains from International Trade

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062800
eISBN:
9780262289375
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062800.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, International Business

This chapter evaluates producer benefits from export variety under the monopolistic competition model. It suggests that self-selection of firms can still be interpreted as a gain from product variety ... More


Competing cues in early syntactic development

Grzegorz Krajewski and Elena Lieven

in Competing Motivations in Grammar and Usage

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198709848
eISBN:
9780191780158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709848.003.0010
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

In this chapter, a number of studies exploring young children's development of grammar within the Competition Model framework (Bates and MacWhinney 1989) are reviewed. It focuses on studies ... More


Competition all the way down: How children learn word order cues to sentence meaning

Caroline F. Rowland, Claire Noble, and Angel Chan

in Competing Motivations in Grammar and Usage

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198709848
eISBN:
9780191780158
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709848.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics

Most work on competing cues in language acquisition has focused on what happens when cues compete within a certain construction. There has been far less work on what happens when constructions ... More


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