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The Supply of Soft Innovations

Paul Stoneman

in Soft Innovation: Economics, Product Aesthetics, and the Creative Industries

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199572489
eISBN:
9780191722257
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572489.003.0007
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation

This chapter considers alternative models of the supply of soft innovations relying heavily on models of product differentiation. Existing models of product differentiated markets are adapted to ... More


Policy Implementation in a Multi‐Level System: The Dynamics of Domestic Respons e

Jochen Lang

in Linking EU and National Governance

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
April 2004
ISBN:
9780199252268
eISBN:
9780191601040
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199252262.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The EU structural funds are characterized by an elaborate policy model, which member states are asked to follow exactly corresponding to its regulations and intentions. Chapter 8 argues that whether ... More


Justifying Coercion: The Problem of Punishment

Rex Martin

in A System of Rights

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292937
eISBN:
9780191599811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292937.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter begins with a brief characterization of punishment under law. The central claim is then made that punishment would be justified in a system of civil rights if (1) it prevents or at least ... More


Allocating Lending of Last Resort and Supervision in the Euro Area

Charles M. Kahn and João A. C. Santos

in Monetary Unions and Hard Pegs: Effects on Trade, Financial Development, and Stability

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271405
eISBN:
9780191601200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271402.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The Maastricht Treaty created the European System of Central Banks and the European Central Bank (ECB) to head the system. The treaty entrusts the ECB with the responsibility for monetary policy, but ... More


The autonomy of the European Commission reassessed

Jarle Trondal

in An Emergent European Executive Order

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199579426
eISBN:
9780191722714
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579426.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, European Union

Chapter 3 explores and reassesses the autonomy of the Commission. The ambition of this chapter is to reassess the behavioural autonomy of the Commission, as well as organizational conditions ... More


THE MIXED PROBLEM FOR QUASILINEAR SYSTEMS

Sylvie Benzoni-Gavage and Denis Serre

in Multi-dimensional hyperbolic partial differential equations: First-order systems and applications

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199211234
eISBN:
9780191705700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211234.003.0011
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics

The local existence result for smooth solutions follows the guidelines of Chapters 10 (because of the nonlinearity) and 9 (since there is a boundary). Compatibility conditions are needed between the ... More


Trade Agreements, Exchange Rate Disagreements

Eduardo Fernández-Arias, Ugo Panizza, and Ernesto Stein

in Monetary Unions and Hard Pegs: Effects on Trade, Financial Development, and Stability

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199271405
eISBN:
9780191601200
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199271402.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

The negative effects on exports and FDI flows of an exchange rate misalignment are amplified when the misalignment is among countries that share a regional integration agreement. Such agreements ... More


Phylogenetic Relationships within Heliodinidae and Systematics of Moths Formerly Assigned to Heliodines Stainton (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutoidea)

Yu-Feng Hsu

Ronald Carter and William Hayes (eds)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520098473
eISBN:
9780520916067
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520098473.001.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Heliodinids are tiny, brightly colored dayflying moths. This book proposes phylogenetic relationships among genera of Heliodinidae using parsimony and character compatibility, and describes and ... More


Fiscal Compatibility and Monetary Constitution

Tommaso Padoa‐Schioppa

in The Road to Monetary Union in Europe: The Emperor, the Kings, and the Genies

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199241767
eISBN:
9780191596742
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241767.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics

The issue is discussed of how much fiscal union (fiscal discipline and coordination) is needed among member countries’ budgets to ensure European Monetary Union. Aspects of the question addressed ... More


Collusion and Decentralization

Jean‐Jacques Laffont

in Incentives and Political Economy

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248681
eISBN:
9780191596575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248680.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter models the optimal degree of delegation and centralization of government as the degree of availability of communication between periphery and centre in a hierarchy. Under bounded ... More


The Theory and Measurement of Passive‐Use Value

Richard T. Carson, Nicholas E. Flores, and Robert C. Mitchell

in Valuing Environmental Preferences: Theory and Practice of the Contingent Valuation Method in the US, EU , and developing Countries

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248919
eISBN:
9780191595950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248915.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

An attempt is made to disentangle passive‐use value and contingent valuation and present them in a useful perspective as regards environmental goods. The first part of the chapter provides a ... More


Public Goods and Contingent Valuation

Robert Sugden

in Valuing Environmental Preferences: Theory and Practice of the Contingent Valuation Method in the US, EU , and developing Countries

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199248919
eISBN:
9780191595950
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199248915.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Some of the special problems involved in eliciting preferences for public goods (with which many applications of contingent valuation are concerned) are considered. The defining characteristic of a ... More


New Accounting for Goodwill: Application of American Criteria from a German Perspective

Walther Busse von Colbe

in The Economics and Politics of Accounting: International Perspectives on Trends, Policy, and Practice

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199260621
eISBN:
9780191601668
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199260621.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

A critical examination is made, from a German perspective, of accounting for purchased goodwill using the new (American) Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) standard: Statement of Financial ... More


On Choice Among Creditors and Bonded Labour Contracts

T. N. Srinivasan

in The Economic Theory of Agrarian Institutions

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287629
eISBN:
9780191595912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287623.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

In this chapter, the author looks into the conditions under which borrowing under a voluntary ‘bonded labour’ contract (whereby one may repay loans by providing labour services at less than one's ... More


Standards, Strategy, and Policy: Cases and Stories

Peter Grindley

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288077
eISBN:
9780191684562
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288077.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Strategy

This book discusses how compatibility standards may be used to ensure business success. It provides a framework for standards strategy and policy, together with a series of case-studies which ... More


An Introduction to Strategy and Policy: Winning with Standards

Peter Grindley

in Standards, Strategy, and Policy: Cases and Stories

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288077
eISBN:
9780191684562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288077.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Strategy

This chapter introduces the framework for the status of a unique economics of standards including strategy and policy issues. Compatibility standard has been the key success, and the most significant ... More


Video Cassette Recorder: The Value of Co-operation

Peter Grindley

in Standards, Strategy, and Policy: Cases and Stories

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198288077
eISBN:
9780191684562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198288077.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Innovation, Strategy

This chapter focuses on the video cassette recorder (VCR), which serves as an excellent example of how product compatibility standards may be used to ensure the success of a new product. Sony Betamax ... More


Interfaces on Trial 2.0

Jonathan Band and Masanobu Katoh

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015004
eISBN:
9780262295543
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015004.001.0001
Subject:
Information Science, Information Science

We live in an interoperable world. Computer hardware and software products from different manufacturers can exchange data within local networks and around the world using the Internet. The ... More


Ad Magazines, Care of the Self, and New Windows of Opportunity

Michael Keane, Anthony Fung, and Albert Moran

in New Television, Globalisation, and the East Asian Cultural Imagination

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622098206
eISBN:
9789882207219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622098206.003.0010
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Television

This chapter addresses some of the strategies that producers and networks adopt to offset the tide of audience fragmentation and advertiser apathy. These include advertorials, magazine and lifestyle ... More


Measuring War Planning and Negotiation Outcomes

Paul Poast

in Arguing about Alliances: The Art of Agreement in Military-Pact Negotiations

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2020
ISBN:
9781501740244
eISBN:
9781501740251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501740244.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter describes the data collection and data manipulation required to measure alliance treaty negotiation outcomes (agreement or nonagreement) and ideal war plan compatibility. To code ... More


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