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Beyond Similarity

Sam Glucksberg

in Understanding Figurative Language: From Metaphor to Idioms

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195111095
eISBN:
9780199872107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195111095.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter addresses the traditional pragmatic view that metaphors are understood as implicit comparisons, i.e., as similes. This position, as well as the salience imbalance proposal that ... More


Akan and Euro‐American Concepts of the Person

K. Anthony Appiah

in African Philosophy: New and Traditional Perspectives

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780195114409
eISBN:
9780199785827
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019511440X.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

This essay explores the theories of the person within Western and Akan traditions. It identifies six obstacles to theory comparison. It argues that there may be no non-question begging way of ... More


Thirty Years of Contrast in Social Comparison

Ladd Wheeler

in Most Underappreciated: 50 Prominent Social Psychologists Describe Their Most Unloved Work

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199778188
eISBN:
9780190256043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199778188.003.0045
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Ladd Wheeler reflects on his most underappreciated work: a study on social comparison theory. According to social comparison theory, people compare with those who are similar to them in order to ... More


Comparison, ranking, rating, and lists

Péter Érdi

in Ranking: The Unwritten Rules of the Social Game We All Play

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190935467
eISBN:
9780190935498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190935467.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In this chapter, four basic concepts—comparison, ranking, rating, and lists—are introduced, and a number of questions are discussed. Why do we compare ourselves with others? Is comparison the “thief ... More


Casimir forces and vacuum energy

Serge Reynaud and Astrid Lambrecht

in Quantum Optics and Nanophotonics

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780198768609
eISBN:
9780191822353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198768609.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

The Casimir force is an effect of quantum vacuum field fluctuations, with applications in many domains of physics. The ideal expression obtained by Casimir, valid for perfect plane mirrors at zero ... More


We Really Shouldn’t Be Having this Conversation: Rational Disengagement in Science and in Art

Carl Matheson

in The Semantics of Aesthetic Judgements

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780198714590
eISBN:
9780191782879
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198714590.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Aesthetics

Discussions about art often make use of theoretical apparatuses that are intimidatingly complex to non-specialists. Given the significant differences in their conceptual schemes and standards of ... More


A Fundamental Conceptual Distinction … Gone Unnoticed

Russell H. Fazio

in Most Underappreciated: 50 Prominent Social Psychologists Describe Their Most Unloved Work

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199778188
eISBN:
9780190256043
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199778188.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Russell H. Fazio describes his most underappreciated work: a dissertation on the “construction-validation distinction”—collecting information about an object for the purpose of constructing a ... More


Epilogue: Rules of the ranking game—where are we now?

Péter Érdi

in Ranking: The Unwritten Rules of the Social Game We All Play

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190935467
eISBN:
9780190935498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190935467.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

The closing chapter summarizes the book’s statements about the reality, illusion, and manipulation of objectivity. Whether we like it or not, ranking is with us and will remain with us for the ... More


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