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Strategies to Approximate Random Sampling and Assignment

Patrick Dattalo

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195378351
eISBN:
9780199864645
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378351.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Random sampling (RS) and random assignment (RA) are considered by many researchers to be the definitive methodological procedures for maximizing external and internal validity. However, there is a ... More


Statistical Alternatives and Supplements to Random Assignment

Patrick Dattalo

in Strategies to Approximate Random Sampling and Assignment

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195378351
eISBN:
9780199864645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378351.003.0005
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter describes the following alternatives and complements to RA in terms of their assumptions, implementations, strengths, and weaknesses: (1) constructed comparison group; (2) propensity ... More


Assessing Measurement Equivalence Assessing Measurement Equivalence

Thanh V. Tran

in Developing Cross Cultural Measurement

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780195325089
eISBN:
9780199864515
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195325089.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

In comparative research — whether it is cross-cultural, cross-national, or multigroup comparison — the assumption of measurement equivalence is crucially important. If nonequivalent measures were ... More


Methodological Alternatives and Supplements to Random Assignment

Patrick Dattalo

in Strategies to Approximate Random Sampling and Assignment

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195378351
eISBN:
9780199864645
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378351.003.0004
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

This chapter begins with a discussion of internal validity and assignment bias. Next, the rationale for, and the limitations of, RA as a way to maximize internal validity and minimize assignment are ... More


Quasi-Experimental Group Designs

Bruce A Thyer

in Quasi-Experimental Research Designs

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195387384
eISBN:
9780199932085
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195387384.003.0003
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

The quasi-experimental designs compare the outcomes of social work for a group of clients who receive a novel intervention that is the focus on investigation, against the outcomes observed by a ... More


Design and instrument for hidden bias

Myoung-Jae Lee

in Micro-Econometrics for Policy, Program and Treatment Effects

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199267699
eISBN:
9780191603044
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199267693.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

If the treatment (T) and control (C) groups are different in unobserved variables e as well as in observed variables x, and if e affects both the treatment and response, then the difference in ... More


Epidemiological methods and concepts in the nineteenth century and their influences on the twentieth century

Alfredo Morabia

in The Development of Modern Epidemiology: Personal reports from those who were there

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780198569541
eISBN:
9780191724077
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198569541.003.0003
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter focuses on epidemiology in the 19th century. It describes the emergence of what has historically been the specific contribution of epidemiology to science; that is, the progressive ... More


The Legacy of Homophobic Bullying at School

Rivers Ian

in Homophobic Bullying: Research and Theoretical Perspectives

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780195160536
eISBN:
9780199893911
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195160536.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Clinical Child Psychology / School Psychology

In Chapter 7 the results are presented from the second (quantitative) and third (qualitative) studies conducted on the nature and long-term correlates of homophobic bullying. Data is presented from a ... More


Hunting behaviour

M.G.L. Mills and M.E.J. Mills

in Kalahari Cheetahs: Adaptations to an arid region

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
June 2017
ISBN:
9780198712145
eISBN:
9780191780639
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198712145.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

Factors affecting hunting success, such as detection of prey, distances from which prey was charged and chased, and escape tactics of prey, were studied. Overall hunting success was 33.4 %. Hares ... More


Evaluating Evidence-Based Practices in Reading Interventions for Deaf Students

Beverly J. Trezek and Ye Wang

in Research in Deaf Education: Contexts, Challenges, and Considerations

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780190455651
eISBN:
9780190686178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190455651.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

The purpose of this chapter is to evaluate evidence-based practices in reading interventions for deaf students using the Council for Exceptional Children (CEC) standards published in 2014. These ... More


Using Neuroscience to Image the Creative Brain

Nancy C. Andreasen

in Secrets of Creativity: What Neuroscience, the Arts, and Our Minds Reveal

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780190462321
eISBN:
9780190462345
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190462321.003.0009
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The nature and sources of creativity have intrigued people for many years. During the early phases of this effort, people relied on anecdotal or historical accounts, but in the twentieth century the ... More


Summary and Conclusions

Roger Tourangeau, Frederick G. Conrad, and Mick P. Couper

in The Science of Web Surveys

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199747047
eISBN:
9780199345069
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199747047.003.0008
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

In addition to reviewing the main findings and themes of the book, the final chapter grapples with a central issue in the design of mixed-mode surveys. Should researchers try to minimize differences ... More


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