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Competing Conveying System Advertisements: Dynamic Air v. Flexicon Corporation

Roger W. Shuy

in Fighting over Words: Language and Civil Law Cases

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780195328837
eISBN:
9780199870165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195328837.003.0006
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

A manufacturer of a product that transports, processes, and packages bulk materials with a pneumatic process sued a competing manufacturer that uses a screw process using the latter company's ... More


Strategies to Approximate Random Sampling and Assignment

Patrick Dattalo

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780195378351
eISBN:
9780199864645
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195378351.001.0001
Subject:
Social Work, Research and Evaluation

Random sampling (RS) and random assignment (RA) are considered by many researchers to be the definitive methodological procedures for maximizing external and internal validity. However, there is a ... More


Liberal Foundations

Matthew Clayton

in Justice and Legitimacy in Upbringing

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199268948
eISBN:
9780191603693
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199268940.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter sets out the liberal ideals of justice and legitimacy that form the basis of the conception of upbringing defended in later chapters. It begins with a summary of Rawls’s conception of ... More


Bringing the Sacred Down to Earth: Adventures in Comparative Religion

Corinne G. Dempsey

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199860333
eISBN:
9780199919598
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199860333.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Bringing the Sacred Down to Earth celebrates the merits of carefully contextualized comparison as an illuminating approach to the study of religion. Drawing from ethnographical work in ... More


On Comparing Democratization Processes

Laurence Whitehead

in Democratization: Theory and Experience

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253289
eISBN:
9780191600326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253285.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Opens with a brief consideration of some key questions of comparative method when applied to democratizations that are understood as long‐term, dynamic, and open‐ended processes. It then considers ... More


International Comparisons of Employment Contracts, Psychological Contracts, and Worker Well‐Being

Rita Claes, René Schalk, and Jeroen de Jong

in Employment Contracts, Psychological Contracts, and Employee Well-Being: An International Study

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199542697
eISBN:
9780191715389
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542697.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, HRM / IR

The study was designed to explore the impact of any country differences on the use of and impact of temporary employment contracts. In addition, data were collected from three broad sectors to ... More


Country Comparisons

Fred Campano and Dominick Salvatore

in Income Distribution: Includes CD

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780195300918
eISBN:
9780199783441
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195300912.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter compares the living standards between countries. Per capita comparisons and the estimation of international poverty thresholds are discussed in light of purchasing power parity and ... More


Conclusion

Jochen Clasen

in Reforming European Welfare States: Germany and the United Kingdom Compared

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199270712
eISBN:
9780191603266
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199270716.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

This chapter reviews the results of the empirical chapters in the light of conceptual and theoretical discussions in earlier chapters. It argues that historically sensitive diachronic comparisons of ... More


Democratization: Theory and Experience

Laurence Whitehead

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253289
eISBN:
9780191600326
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253285.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Argues that democratization is best understood as a long‐term, dynamic, and open‐ended process extending over generations. Standard models of causal explanation, therefore, need to be supplemented by ... More


The Determinants of Executive Compensation

Sydney Finkelstein, Donald C. Hambrick, and Albert A. Cannella

in Strategic Leadership: Theory and Research on Executives, Top Management Teams, and Boards

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195162073
eISBN:
9780199867332
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162073.003.0010
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy

Research on the determinants of executive compensation has a very long tradition in a variety of academic fields. This chapter focuses on the key ideas that emerge from a review of this work, ... More


Social Mobility in Europe between 1970 and 2000

Richard Breen and Ruud Luijkx

in Social Mobility in Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
November 2004
ISBN:
9780199258451
eISBN:
9780191601491
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199258457.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Presents the results of the comparative analyses of absolute mobility and social fluidity in 11 European countries covering the period 1970 to 2000. Findings are presented separately for men and for ... More


Introduction: New Challenges, New Questions, New Directions

Susan J. Carroll and Debra J. Liebowitz

in Women and American Politics: New Questions, New Directions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293484
eISBN:
9780191598944
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293488.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter suggests general research needs and directions for research on women and American politics. The authors call upon researchers to think in more complicated ways about the category ... More


Introduction

Antony Black

in The West and Islam: Religion and Political Thought in World History

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199533206
eISBN:
9780191714498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533206.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Comparison between cultures throws light on each one. It helps to explain similarities and divergences. To do so effectively, one needs to compare all relevant genres and periods. There has been no ... More


Second Theoretical Interlude Five Modes of Comparison

Peter Gottschalk

in Religion, Science, and Empire: Classifying Hinduism and Islam in British India

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780195393019
eISBN:
9780199979264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393019.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

Religion scholar Jonathan Z. Smith identifies five modes of social comparison: the ethnographic, encyclopedic, morphologic, evolutionary, and statistical. Each mode essentially shapes the perception ... More


To Elect or to Select?

Margit Tavits

in Presidents with Prime Ministers: Do Direct Elections Matter?

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199553327
eISBN:
9780191721007
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199553327.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter applies alternative research methods to test the effect of direct elections on presidential activism. First, the Slovakian case offers a setting of a natural experiment because it ... More


An Exemplary Case: Chile

Laurence Whitehead

in Democratization: Theory and Experience

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253289
eISBN:
9780191600326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253285.003.0010
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Provides a case study of the democratization of Chile viewed as an exemplary case, i.e. one that is not only of importance in itself, but is also instructional for comparativists with no special ... More


Bargaining

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

This chapter surveys the relevant bargaining theory, namely the Nash bargaining solution, the utilitarian bargaining solution, and the egalitarian bargaining solution. The importance of how ... More


Empathy

Ken Binmore

in Natural Justice

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780195178111
eISBN:
9780199783670
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195178111.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Sympathy refers to caring about another to some degree as one cares for oneself. Empathy refers to the capacity to put yourself in the position of others to see things from their point of view. ... More


The Distribution of Freedom

Ian Carter

in A Measure of Freedom

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198294535
eISBN:
9780191598951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198294530.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

If freedom’s non-specific value is sufficiently strong, then freedom should be considered one of the currencies of distributive justice. A theorist who affirms that freedom is one of the currencies ... More


Turnout in Context: A Comparison of Member States

Jean Blondel, Richard Sinnott, and Palle Svensson

in People and Parliament in the European Union: Participation, Democracy, and Legitimacy

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198293088
eISBN:
9780191598814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198293089.003.0007
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Examines the cross‐country variations in turnout in European Parliament elections and of variations in the variables associated with turnout. Countries are considered in three groups—high turnout, ... More


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