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Introduction: The Paradox of Early Exit from Work

Bernhard Ebbinghaus

in Reforming Early Retirement in Europe, Japan and the USA

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199286119
eISBN:
9780191604089
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199286116.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Early retirement has become a major issue of current welfare state reforms in aging societies. This introductory chapter discusses the different protection-oriented ‘pull’ and production-oriented ... More


General introduction

Don Ringe

in A History of English: From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199284139
eISBN:
9780191712562
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284139.003.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This introductory chapter explains the rationale of the book and its intended audience. It indicates briefly the author’s positions on the uniformitarian principle, linguistic descent, the regularity ... More


Ratification Processes in Comparative Perspective

Jeffrey S. Lantis

in The Life and Death of International Treaties: Double-Edged Diplomacy and the Politics of Ratification in Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199535019
eISBN:
9780191715952
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535019.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, International Relations and Politics

This chapter surveys the countries and treaties in the study. It outlines the comparative case study method that will be used throughout the book to explore episodes of treaty ratification struggles, ... More


On Comparing Democratization Processes

Laurence Whitehead

in Democratization: Theory and Experience

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199253289
eISBN:
9780191600326
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199253285.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

Opens with a brief consideration of some key questions of comparative method when applied to democratizations that are understood as long‐term, dynamic, and open‐ended processes. It then considers ... More


Habits of Thought and Judgement: E. A. Freeman on Historical Methods

Herman Paul

in Making History: Edward Augustus Freeman and Victorian Cultural Politics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780197265871
eISBN:
9780191772030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265871.003.0015
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

Why did E. A. Freeman’s The Methods of Historical Study (1886) meet with mostly negative responses from late 19th-century American and Continental European historians? This essay argues that while ... More


Transitions to Accountability: Disentangling State and Regime 1

Jonathan Fox

in Accountability Politics: Power and Voice in Rural Mexico

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2008
ISBN:
9780199208852
eISBN:
9780191709005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199208852.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Democratization

The concept of accountability politics is defined as the arena of conflict over whether and how those in power are held publicly responsible for their decisions. Explaining accountability requires ... More


Recent Research on the Historical Relationships of the Papuan Languages, or, What Does Linguistics Say about the Prehistory of Melanesia?

Andrew Pawley

in Population Genetics, Linguistics, and Culture History in the Southwest Pacific

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195300307
eISBN:
9780199790142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300307.003.0003
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

There are over twenty separate language families within the more than 700 “Papuan” languages of New Guinea, East Nusa Tenggara, and Island Melanesia, none of which can be convincingly shown to be ... More


The Languages of Island Melanesia

Eva Lindström, Angela Terrill, Ger Reesink, and Michael Dunn

in Population Genetics, Linguistics, and Culture History in the Southwest Pacific

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195300307
eISBN:
9780199790142
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195300307.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter provides an overview of the Papuan and the Oceanic languages (a branch of Austronesian) in Northern Island Melanesia, as well as phenomena arising through contact between these groups. ... More


Understanding the Nationalism—Social Policy Nexus

Daniel Béland and André Lecours

in Nationalism and Social Policy: The Politics of Territorial Solidarity

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199546848
eISBN:
9780191720468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199546848.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics, Political Theory

Chapter 1 considers the connection between nationalism and social policy in analytical terms. The first section discusses nationalism and social policy by making conceptual distinctions and ... More


Introduction: The Right Comparison

A. P. David

in The Dance of the Muses: Choral Theory and Ancient Greek Poetics

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199292400
eISBN:
9780191711855
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199292400.003.0001
Subject:
Classical Studies, Poetry and Poets: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This introductory chapter prepares the way for new theories of epic and lyric poetics, particularly Homeric poetics, based on the notion of choreia (χορεία), by pointing out the comparatist ... More


Past History and Present Politics: E. A. Freeman and the Eastern Question

William Kelley

in Making History: Edward Augustus Freeman and Victorian Cultural Politics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780197265871
eISBN:
9780191772030
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265871.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

While E. A. Freeman’s History of the Norman Conquest has tended to monopolise the attention of historians of historiography, this essay argues that the Eastern Question occupies a central place in ... More


A Linguistic History of Arabic

Jonathan Owens

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199290826
eISBN:
9780191710469
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199290826.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

A widespread interpretation of the history of Arabic is that of Old Arabic, roughly Classical Arabic of the 9th and 10th centuries, developing into the contemporary Neo-Arabic dialects. This ... More


The Commission on the Archives in Toledo Cathedral

Susan Boynton

in Silent Music: Medieval Song and the Construction of History in Eighteenth-Century Spain

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199754595
eISBN:
9780199918850
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199754595.003.0002
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter describes the methods of study employed by the Commission on the Archives and particularly by Burriel and Palomares (including Burriel’s innovative comparative method and Palomares’s ... More


Animal phylogenetics

Alessandro Minelli

in Perspectives in Animal Phylogeny and Evolution

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780198566205
eISBN:
9780191713866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198566205.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The single main root of phylogenetics is Hennig's reformulation of the comparative method, but the empirical basis has increased enormously in recent years with the availability of an exponentially ... More


Historians and Nationalism: East-Central Europe in the Nineteenth Century

Monika Baár

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199581184
eISBN:
9780191722806
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581184.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

Peripheral cultures have been largely absent from the European canon of historiography. The principal aim of this book is to contribute to redressing the balance. It does so by offering an insight ... More


Introduction

Oliver Freiberger

in Considering Comparison: A Method for Religious Studies

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780199965007
eISBN:
9780190929107
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199965007.003.0001
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, World Religions

The introduction explains the objectives of the present book and summarizes its major arguments. Comparison has been conducted in religious studies since the early days of the discipline, and ... More


The Rise and Fall of Empires: Heart of Darkness and Historical Cycles in the Victorian Era

John W. Griffith

in Joseph Conrad and the Anthropological Dilemma: ‘Bewildered Traveller’

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198183006
eISBN:
9780191673931
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198183006.003.0005
Subject:
Literature, 20th-century Literature and Modernism, European Literature

This chapter explores the decline and fall of cultures in relation to Conrad’s ideas of retrogression and relapse. It also investigates the comparative method in anthropology, which provided ... More


Retrospective

Jay H. Jasonoff

in Hittite and the Indo-European Verb

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199249053
eISBN:
9780191719370
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199249053.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This final chapter reviews the ‘new look’ of the PIE verbal system in the light of the h2e-conjugation theory. In most respects, the new look is no different from the old since all the familiar IE ... More


The History in Evolution

John Alcock

in An Enthusiasm for Orchids: Sex and Deception in Plant Evolution

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195182743
eISBN:
9780199790005
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182743.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter examines the way in which evolutionary biologists accomplish the goal of uncovering evolutionary history through the comparative method. This method is contrasted with that of the ... More


Approaches and Techniques

Stanley S. Hillman, Philip C. Withers, Robert C. Drewes, and Stanley D. Hillyard

in Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Amphibians

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780198570325
eISBN:
9780191728259
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198570325.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter describes both analytic and measurement techniques used in the study of the environmental physiology of amphibians. The first section explores the benefits and pitfalls of utilizing ... More


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