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Joint Stock Companies

Michael Lobban

in The Oxford History of the Laws of England: Volume XII: 1820–1914 Private Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199258826
eISBN:
9780191705168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258826.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter on joint stock companies in the 19th century discusses companies and partnerships in the 1820s, reform of company law from 1830-48, transformation of company law from 1848-62, companies ... More


The Role of Company Stock in Defined Contribution Plans

Olivia S. Mitchell and Kent Smetters

in The Pension Challenge: Risk Transfers and Retirement Income Security

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
August 2004
ISBN:
9780199266913
eISBN:
9780191601323
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199266913.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

This chapter examines the holding patterns of company stock in defined contribution (DC) plans, why employers and employees tolerate high levels of company stock holdings, and the impact of ... More


Employee Investment Decisions about Company Stock

James J. Choi, David Laibson, Brigitte Madrian, and Andrew Metrick

in Pension Design and Structure: New Lessons from Behavioral Finance

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199273393
eISBN:
9780191601675
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199273391.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

The decisions of nearly 100,000 individual 401(k) participants were studied to obtain a better understanding of the determinants of employee discretionary investment in company stock. High returns on ... More


Up to 1880

Brian R. Cheffins

in Corporate Ownership and Control: British Business Transformed

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199236978
eISBN:
9780191717260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236978.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

England experienced its first flurry of public offerings of company shares in the 1690s, followed by promotion ‘waves’ in 1720 (‘the South Sea Bubble’), the mid-1820s, the mid-1830s, and the ... More


Employee Stock Ownership Plans and Company Stock

August Baker, Dennis E. Logue, and Jack S. Rader

in Managing Pension and Retirement Plans: A Guide for Employers, Administrators, and Other Fiduciaries

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780195165906
eISBN:
9780199835508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019516590X.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Employee stock ownership plans (ESOPs) are a special form of defined contribution (DC) plan available to corporate sponsors in which the investments are not employee directed. There are essentially ... More


Country as Global Market: Netherlands, Calvinism, and the Joint-Stock Company

John F. Padgett

in The Emergence of Organizations and Markets

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691148670
eISBN:
9781400845552
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691148670.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter argues that certain Dutch organizational innovations were all interlinked through their common genesis mechanism of “migration and homology.” Migration refers to two tidal waves of ... More


Dis-organizing Capitalism: How Lawyers Made and Unmade the Railway Manias, 1825–1845

R. W. Kostal

in Law and English Railway Capitalism 1825–1875

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198265672
eISBN:
9780191682926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198265672.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Legal History

Lawyers provided invaluable legal and commercial services to the scores of ‘legitimate’ railway enterprises promoted in England before 1850. Their expertise in business organization and ... More


The Development of the Joint Stock Company

Jonathan Charkham and Anne Simpson

in Fair Shares: The Future of Shareholder Power and Responsibility

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198292142
eISBN:
9780191684876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292142.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, Business History

This chapter examines the development of the joint stock company and the first statute on companies. The framework of the joint stock company was only obtainable by specific statute or royal charter ... More


Introduction: Why a Book about Shareholders?

Jonathan Charkham and Anne Simpson

in Fair Shares: The Future of Shareholder Power and Responsibility

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198292142
eISBN:
9780191684876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198292142.003.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, Business History

This book is about the shareholders of companies listed on the stock market — who they are, what they own, and their role. It argues that for shareholders, as with others in a democratic system, ... More


Many Mormonisms: Exodus and England

Terryl L. Givens and Matthew J. Grow

in Parley P. Pratt: The Apostle Paul of Mormonism

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780195375732
eISBN:
9780199918300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195375732.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Religion and Society

After his return to Nauvoo in late summer 1845, Pratt helped create plans for the Mormon exodus from Illinois and participated in the extension of temple rituals to thousands of Latter-day Saints ... More


Shareholder Democracies?: Corporate Governance in Britain and Ireland before 1850

Mark Freeman, Robin Pearson, and James Taylor

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226261874
eISBN:
9780226261881
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226261881.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Understanding the challenges of corporate governance is central to a comprehension of the economic dynamics driving corporations today. Among the most important institutions in capitalism today, ... More


Constitutional Rights and Governance Practice: The Proprietorship

Mark Freeman, Robin Pearson, and James Taylor

in Shareholder Democracies?: Corporate Governance in Britain and Ireland before 1850

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226261874
eISBN:
9780226261881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226261881.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter places shareholders at the centre stage, examining the roles that shareholders could be called upon to perform, from the active promotion of companies to the election and appointment of ... More


Constitutional Rights and Governance Practice: The Executive

Mark Freeman, Robin Pearson, and James Taylor

in Shareholder Democracies?: Corporate Governance in Britain and Ireland before 1850

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226261874
eISBN:
9780226261881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226261881.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the structures of company executives, particularly boards of directors. It is argued that the increasing size of joint-stock companies provoked a variety of constitutional ... More


Transparency and Accountability

Mark Freeman, Robin Pearson, and James Taylor

in Shareholder Democracies?: Corporate Governance in Britain and Ireland before 1850

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226261874
eISBN:
9780226261881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226261881.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter examines the mechanisms for shareholder oversight of accounts. Constitutional provisions ranged from a general right to inspect all documents relating to the company to a complete bar on ... More


Consuming Projects

Koji Yamamoto

in Taming Capitalism before its Triumph: Public Service, Distrust, and 'Projecting' in Early Modern England

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780198739173
eISBN:
9780191802300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198739173.003.0007
Subject:
History, British and Irish Early Modern History

This chapter demonstrates that the mobilization of private desire for consumption and emulation was taken to new heights during the financial revolution. Patenting activities boomed in the early ... More


Promotion, Speculation and Their Outcome: The “Steamship Mania” of 1824-1825

John Armstrong and David M. Williams

in The Impact of Technological Change: The Early Steamship in Britain

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780986497377
eISBN:
9781786944474
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/liverpool/9780986497377.003.0011
Subject:
History, Maritime History

This chapter explores the perceived upswing in steamship ownership in 1824-1825 due to the boom in the stock exchange and the growth of joint-stock ownership schemes. It begins by explaining the ... More


Conclusion

Mark Freeman, Robin Pearson, and James Taylor

in Shareholder Democracies?: Corporate Governance in Britain and Ireland before 1850

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226261874
eISBN:
9780226261881
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226261881.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

Conflicts between shareholders and directors over the distribution of power stretch back to the birth of the joint-stock economy in the seventeenth century. The new political economy that emerged in ... More


Investing in the Arts

Lauren R. Clay

in Stagestruck: The Business of Theater in Eighteenth-Century France and Its Colonies

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801450389
eISBN:
9780801468216
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801450389.003.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter examines the role played by entrepreneurs and investors in funding and operating new public theaters in provincial France. More specifically, it considers those who paid for playhouses, ... More


Tacking to the Wind

Thomas Bauman

in The Pekin: The Rise and Fall of Chicago's First Black-Owned Theater

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038365
eISBN:
9780252096242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038365.003.0004
Subject:
History, African History

This chapter discusses the philosophy that Robert T. Motts had imprinted on the Pekin Theater and how it resonated with George Walker's belief in the possibilities for the growth and maturation of ... More


The New Pekin

Thomas Bauman

in The Pekin: The Rise and Fall of Chicago's First Black-Owned Theater

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780252038365
eISBN:
9780252096242
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Illinois Press
DOI:
10.5406/illinois/9780252038365.003.0003
Subject:
History, African History

This chapter focuses on Robert T. Motts's conversion of the Pekin Theater to New Pekin after it was damaged by fire in January 1910. At the time of the fire the Pekin Temple of Music had already ... More


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