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Joint Stock Companies

Michael Lobban

in The Oxford History of the Laws of England: Volume XII: 1820–1914 Private Law

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199258826
eISBN:
9780191705168
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199258826.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Legal History

This chapter on joint stock companies in the 19th century discusses companies and partnerships in the 1820s, reform of company law from 1830-48, transformation of company law from 1848-62, companies ... More


Corporate Law

Hiroshi Oda

in Japanese Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199232185
eISBN:
9780191705335
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232185.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This chapter discusses Japanese corporate law. Topics covered include the history of Japanese company law, types of companies in Japan, share ownership structure of Japanese companies, setting up ... More


In the Shadow of Corporate Governance Reform: Change and Continuity in Managerial Practice at Listed Companies in Japan *

John Buchanan and Simon Deakin

in Corporate Governance and Managerial Reform in Japan

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563630
eISBN:
9780191721359
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563630.003.0002
Subject:
Business and Management, Corporate Governance and Accountability, HRM / IR

This chapter presents an empirical analysis of the implementation of the “company with committees law” of 2002 that was aimed at expanding the role of independent directors. Most boards continue to ... More


The Company Law Regime

Shawn Donnelly

in The Regimes of European Integration: Constructing Governance of the Single Market

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199579402
eISBN:
9780191723087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579402.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, International Relations and Politics

This chapter shows how member states collectively fought for a regime on company law that preserved their jurisdiction over companies despite rulings by the European Court of Justice (ECJ) that ... More


Introduction

Irit Mevorach

in Insolvency within Multinational Enterprise Groups

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199544721
eISBN:
9780191705564
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199544721.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This introductory chapter sets the scope and focus of this work. It explains that the book deals with multinational enterprise groups (MEGs) and the event of their financial distress, and it ... More


Constructing Regimes of European Integration

Shawn Donnelly

in The Regimes of European Integration: Constructing Governance of the Single Market

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199579402
eISBN:
9780191723087
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579402.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, European Union, International Relations and Politics

This chapter introduces the reader to the empirical puzzle that incited the theoretical questions: a company regulation regime based on intergovernmental coordination, a securities regulation regime ... More


The Determinants of Ownership and Control: Current Theories

Brian R. Cheffins

in Corporate Ownership and Control: British Business Transformed

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199236978
eISBN:
9780191717260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236978.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter outlines the leading theories that have been advanced in the comparative corporate governance literature to account for why patterns of ownership and control differ across borders and ... More


Commercial Law: Globalization and Tradition

Chibli Mallat

in Introduction to Middle Eastern Law

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199230495
eISBN:
9780191710926
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199230495.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law

This chapter focuses on commercial law. It argues that commercial law is the one field where borrowing from the West has taken place most systematically and felicitously. This thesis is illustrated ... More


Corporate Governance of Non-Listed Companies

Joseph A. McCahery and Erik P.M. Vermeulen

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199203406
eISBN:
9780191707780
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203406.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

Studies of corporate governance traditionally focus on the governance problems of large publicly held firms, and policymakers' recommendations often focus on such firms. However, most small firms and ... More


The First Pillar: Company Law—A One-Size-Fits-All Vehicle for Non-listed Companies

Joseph A. McCahery and Erik P. M. Vermeulen

in Corporate Governance of Non-Listed Companies

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199203406
eISBN:
9780191707780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203406.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter recounts the history of company law from the development of a joint venture business form that facilitated the networking of entrepreneurs and investors with their opposing interests, to ... More


Corporate Power and Responsibility: Issues in the Theory of Company Law

J. E. Parkinson

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198259893
eISBN:
9780191682018
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198259893.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This book argues that it should be the function of company law to promote public interest. Examining a number of topical and controversial issues from this perspective, including the adequacy of ... More


The ‘Buy Side’

Brian R. Cheffins

in Corporate Ownership and Control: British Business Transformed

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199236978
eISBN:
9780191717260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236978.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter describes why UK investors bought shares in sufficient volume for control to unwind, and explains why the new shareholders refrained from taking a ‘hands on’ role. Despite deterrents ... More


Up to 1880

Brian R. Cheffins

in Corporate Ownership and Control: British Business Transformed

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199236978
eISBN:
9780191717260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236978.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

England experienced its first flurry of public offerings of company shares in the 1690s, followed by promotion ‘waves’ in 1720 (‘the South Sea Bubble’), the mid-1820s, the mid-1830s, and the ... More


1914–1939

Brian R. Cheffins

in Corporate Ownership and Control: British Business Transformed

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199236978
eISBN:
9780191717260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236978.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

Pre-World War I momentum in favour of diffusion of share ownership was sustained up to 1939. On the sell side, pressure to pay dividends, generational considerations, the periodic availability of ... More


1940–1990: The Sell Side

Brian R. Cheffins

in Corporate Ownership and Control: British Business Transformed

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199236978
eISBN:
9780191717260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236978.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

Between 1940 and 1990, a separation of ownership and control became the norm in large business enterprises in Britain. This chapter discusses empirical evidence demonstrating the point and offers a ... More


1940–1990: The Buy Side

Brian R. Cheffins

in Corporate Ownership and Control: British Business Transformed

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199236978
eISBN:
9780191717260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236978.003.0010
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

While outsider/arm's-length corporate governance became pre-dominant in Britain between 1940 and 1990, as this chapter describes, there were various deterrents to investing in shares (e.g., Britain's ... More


Company Law Developments in the United States and Asia

Joseph A. McCahery and Erik P. M. Vermeulen

in Corporate Governance of Non-Listed Companies

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199203406
eISBN:
9780191707780
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199203406.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter argues that devising new and separate company law forms is more efficient than other reforms since they offer distinct sets of rules and norms for businesses. A separate set of legal ... More


Corporate Ownership and Control: British Business Transformed

Brian R. Cheffins

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199236978
eISBN:
9780191717260
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236978.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

The typical British publicly traded company has widely dispersed share ownership and is run by professionally trained managers who collectively own an insufficiently large percentage of shares to ... More


Boards in Law and Practice: A Cross-Country Analysis in Europe

Paul Davies, Klaus J. Hopt, Richard G.J. Nowak, and Gerard Van Solinge

in Corporate Boards in Law and Practice: A Comparative Analysis in Europe

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780198705154
eISBN:
9780191774256
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198705154.003.0001
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, EU Law

This chapter discusses the role, functioning, and law governing corporate boards in large companies across Europe. The chapter is organized as follows. Section 1 examines the environment in which ... More


The Evolution of Closely Held Business Forms in Europe

JOSEPH A. McCAHERY and ERIK P. M. VERMEULEN

in The Governance of Close Corporations and Partnerships: US and European Perspectives

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199264353
eISBN:
9780191718496
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199264353.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Comparative Law, Company and Commercial Law

This chapter considers the possibility of making available new business forms in the EU based on the limited liability company (LLC), which could lead to an increase in the number of start-up firms ... More


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