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The Population Dynamics of Mental Disorders

William W. Eaton, Pierre Alexandre, Ronald C. Kessler, Silvia S. Martins, Preben Bo Mortensen, George W. Rebok, Carla L. Storr, and Kimberly Roth

in Public Mental Health

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780195390445
eISBN:
9780199950416
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390445.003.0006
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter estimates rates of incidence of specific disorders and charts them for each sex across the life span, consistent with the life course epidemiological approach, which is highly useful to ... More


Psychiatric aspects of memory disorders in epilepsy

Laura H. Goldstein and Narinder Kapur

in Epilepsy and Memory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199580286
eISBN:
9780191739408
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199580286.003.0015
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System, Behavioral Neuroscience

Individuals with epilepsy are at increased risk of a number of psychiatric disorders including anxiety, depression, and psychosis. However, when considering the performance of people with epilepsy on ... More


Outcomes Research

Diana B. Petitti

in Applied Epidemiology: Theory to practice

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195187410
eISBN:
9780199864997
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195187410.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter describes the historical roots of outcomes research and the designs used most often in outcomes research. It introduces measurements of comorbidity and disease severity, general and ... More


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Maria Scannapieco and Kirstin R. Painter

in Evidence-Based Practice in School Mental Health: Addressing DSM-5 Disorders in Schools

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190886578
eISBN:
9780190943851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190886578.003.0002
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Health and Mental Health

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is marked by problems with functioning or development that are related to symptoms of a persistent pattern of inattention and/or ... More


Bipolar Disorders

Chris Ahlman

in Evidence-Based Practice in School Mental Health: Addressing DSM-5 Disorders in Schools

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190886578
eISBN:
9780190943851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190886578.003.0006
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Health and Mental Health

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) does not describe the typical symptoms noted by researchers of pediatric bipolar disorder under bipolar I or II ... More


Anxiety Disorders

Nikolaus Schuetz and Amy N. Mendenhall

in Evidence-Based Practice in School Mental Health: Addressing DSM-5 Disorders in Schools

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190886578
eISBN:
9780190943851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190886578.003.0008
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Health and Mental Health

Anxiety disorders have the highest prevalence of any group of mental disorders. This chapter primarily focuses on three of these anxiety disorders: generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety ... More


Elimination Disorders

James C. Raines

in Evidence-Based Practice in School Mental Health: Addressing DSM-5 Disorders in Schools

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780190886578
eISBN:
9780190943851
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190886578.003.0012
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families, Health and Mental Health

Elimination disorders are sometimes considered the ugly step-child in psychiatry. Nocturnal enuresis is the voiding of urine at night and is always involuntary. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual ... More


The anxiety disorders

Dianna T. Kenny

in The Psychology of Music Performance Anxiety

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199586141
eISBN:
9780191731129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586141.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter examines the construct of anxiety in greater detail and reviews the various diagnoses within the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) of the American ... More


Defining music performance anxiety

Dianna T. Kenny

in The Psychology of Music Performance Anxiety

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199586141
eISBN:
9780191731129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586141.003.0027
Subject:
Psychology, Music Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter attempts to define music performance anxiety, recognizing that the accurate naming of a phenomenon is a first and essential step in its analysis and eventual understanding. To date, ... More


Challenges to Learning from Experiments: Lessons from Evaluating Independent Living Services

Mark E. Courtney, Michael Pergamit, Maria Woolverton, and Marla McDaniel

in From Evidence to Outcomes in Child Welfare: An International Reader

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199973729
eISBN:
9780199386703
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199973729.003.0007
Subject:
Social Work, Children and Families

Drawing from published reports of the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-being (NSCAW) the chapter presents the intensity and multidimensionality of needs in child welfare. The authors ... More


What Does Computational Psychiatry Need to Explain to Capture Mechanisms of Psychopathology?: Facts, Almost Facts, and Hints

Deanna M. Barch

in Computational Psychiatry: New Perspectives on Mental Illness

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035422
eISBN:
9780262337854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035422.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter provides specific research examples on the neurobiology of mental illness—using psychosis as a case in point—that may begin to rise to the level of “facts,” or at least “almost facts” or ... More


A Novel Framework for Improving Psychiatric Diagnostic Nosology

Shelly B. Flagel, Daniel S. Pine, Susanne E. Ahmari, Michael B. First, Karl J. Friston, Christoph Mathys, A. David Redish, Katharina Schmack, Jordan W. Smoller, and Anita Thapar

in Computational Psychiatry: New Perspectives on Mental Illness

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262035422
eISBN:
9780262337854
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262035422.003.0010
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience

This chapter proposes a new framework for diagnostic nosology based on Bayesian principles. This novel integrative framework builds upon and improves the current diagnostic system in psychiatry. ... More


All in Her Mind

Joanna Kempner

in Not Tonight: Migraine and the Politics of Gender and Health

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226179018
eISBN:
9780226179292
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226179292.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Health, Illness, and Medicine

Migraine is a disorder that bridges the mind and body. In this chapter, I trace historical understandings of migraine from eighteenth-century theories of “sensibility,” to the nineteenth-century ... More


Impulsivity and Its Association with Treatment Development for Pathological Gambling and Substance Use Disorders

Nancy M. Petry

in What Is Addiction?

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262513111
eISBN:
9780262288248
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262513111.003.0013
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter reviews the diagnosis and prevalence rates of pathological gambling, including its link with substance use disorders, and also discusses studies evaluating constructs of impulsivity in ... More


Dyslexia: Looking Forward

Roderick I. Nicolson and Angela J. Fawcett

in Dyslexia, Learning, and the Brain

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262140997
eISBN:
9780262280662
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262140997.003.0009
Subject:
Neuroscience, Disorders of the Nervous System

This chapter provides a summary and retrospect of the analyses presented in the book. First, it discusses the comorbidity between different developmental disorders. It also outlines the definition, ... More


Gambling behavior and problem gambling

Pekka Sulkunen, Thomas F. Babor, Jenny Cisneros Örnberg, Michael Egerer, Matilda Hellman, Charles Livingstone, Virve Marionneau, Janne Nikkinen, Jim Orford, Robin Room, and Ingeborg Rossow

in Setting Limits: Gambling, Science and Public Policy

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2019
ISBN:
9780198817321
eISBN:
9780191858840
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198817321.003.0005
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

General population surveys show that gambling is prevalent in many high-income countries. Gambling is not an exclusive activity that only a few people engage in; it has become a popular recreational ... More


The Population Dynamics of Mental Disorders

William W. Eaton, Ronald C. Kessler, Preben Bo Mortensen, George W. Rebok, and Kimberly Roth

in Public Mental Health

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
June 2019
ISBN:
9780190916602
eISBN:
9780190916640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190916602.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

This chapter concerns the natural history of mental disorders from onset of disorder throughout the remaining life course. Data are presented from population-based cohort studies in the United States ... More


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

David Daley, Rasmus Højbjerg Jacobsen, Anne‐Mette Lange, Anders Sørensen, and Jeanette Walldorf

in Costing Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Impact on the Individual and Society

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198745556
eISBN:
9780191807619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745556.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a highly prevalent and heterogeneous developmental disorder, characterized by age-inappropriate levels of inattention and/or hyperactivity and ... More


Identification of Treatment Groups

David Daley, Rasmus Højbjerg Jacobsen, Anne‐Mette Lange, Anders Sørensen, and Jeanette Walldorf

in Costing Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Impact on the Individual and Society

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780198745556
eISBN:
9780191807619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745556.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter identifies and characterizes two groups of Danish individuals who have been diagnosed with ADHD as adults. One group of patients consists of individuals referred to and diagnosed within ... More


between the confines of sense and reason

Jennifer Radden

in Melancholic Habits: Burton's Anatomy & the Mind Sciences

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780199348190
eISBN:
9780199348213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199348190.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, History of Philosophy

Affections (feelings, Passions) bear a special relationship to the Imagination as the source of disordered states, and their part in Burton’s mental economy is confirmed by findings of contemporary ... More


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