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Quantization of cavity modes

J. C. Garrison and R. Y. Chiao

in Quantum Optics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198508861
eISBN:
9780191708640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.003.0003
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

This chapter begins with a normal-mode analysis of the classical electromagnetic field in an ideal cavity. The resulting expression for the electromagnetic energy has the same form as the energy of a ... More


Field quantization

J. C. Garrison and R. Y. Chiao

in Quantum Optics

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780198508861
eISBN:
9780191708640
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198508861.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, Atomic, Laser, and Optical Physics

The cavity-mode quantization conjecture of Chapter 2 is replaced by local commutation relations — which are independent of the size and shape of the cavity — between field-operator components. This ... More


Angular Momentum

Gary E. Bowman

in Essential Quantum Mechanics

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199228928
eISBN:
9780191711206
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199228928.003.0008
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials

Angular momentum is one of the more abstract topics in quantum mechanics. This chapter begins with a review of classical angular momentum. Quantum-mechanical angular momentum is then introduced by ... More


Guiding Cases for China’s Death Penalty: Analysis and Reflection

Xingliang Chen and Charlotte Hu

in The Death Penalty In China: Policy, Practice, and Reform

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231170079
eISBN:
9780231540810
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231170079.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

This chapter examines China’s case-guiding system as a recent reform measure adopted in 2010 to standardize judicial sentencing, and discusses its potential impact on China’s death penalty practice ... More


Quantizing

Laura Ruetsche

in Interpreting Quantum Theories

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780199535408
eISBN:
9780191728525
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199535408.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter explicates the Hamiltonian scheme for quantizing classical mechanical theories by finding a Hilbert space representation of the appropriate canonical commutation relations. The chapter ... More


Semantic information and the correctness theory of truth

Luciano Floridi

in The Philosophy of Information

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199232383
eISBN:
9780191594809
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199232383.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

The chapter develops a correctness theory of truth (CTT) for semantic information to explain how well-formed and meaningful data may become truthful. After the introduction, Section 8.2 defends the ... More


Justice, Mercy, and Caprice: Clemency and the Death Penalty in Ireland

Ian O'Donnell

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198798477
eISBN:
9780191839467
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798477.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

Justice, Mercy, and Caprice is a work of criminal justice history that speaks to the gradual emergence of a more humane Irish state. It is a close examination of what can be learned from the National ... More


Last Chance for Life: Clemency in Southeast Asian Death Penalty Cases

Daniel Pascoe

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
April 2019
ISBN:
9780198809715
eISBN:
9780191846991
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809715.001.0001
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

All five contemporary practitioners of the death penalty in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)—Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Singapore, and Vietnam—have performed executions on a ... More


Elements of quantum theory

Stephen Barnett

in Title Pages

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2020
ISBN:
9780198527626
eISBN:
9780191916625
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198527626.003.0005
Subject:
Computer Science, Mathematical Theory of Computation

We have seen that there is an intimate relationship between probability and information. The values we assign to probabilities depend on the information available, and ... More


Hyperbolic geometry

Jacques Franchi and Yves Le Jan

in Hyperbolic Dynamics and Brownian Motion: An Introduction

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199654109
eISBN:
9780191745676
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199654109.003.0002
Subject:
Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

Basic notions of hyperbolic geometry are presented: geodesics, light rays, tangent bundles etc. These are systematically derived from properties of Minkowski space: the boundary of hyperbolic space ... More


Methodological preliminaries

Salvatore Attardo

in The Linguistics of Humor: An Introduction

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198791270
eISBN:
9780191833717
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791270.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics

The chapter begins by defining the fundamental distinction between competence and performance and introduces various methodological approaches used in the linguistics of humor, with a focus on the ... More


Anatomy of a Sentence

Andrea Moro

in A Brief History of the Verb To Be

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9780262037129
eISBN:
9780262343602
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262037129.003.0002
Subject:
Linguistics, Historical Linguistics

This chapter reconstructs the environment in which the verb to be will be understood in a new way. It identifies three radical changes, conceptually distinct but not completely unrelated, that come ... More


Peasant Wealth: Bust Turns to Boom

S.A. Eddie

in Freedom's Price: Serfdom, Subjection, and Reform in Prussia, 1648-1848

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199662753
eISBN:
9780191757587
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199662753.003.0005
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter shows how the manorial system was influenced by the economic boom of the later eighteenth century. The older school saw the benefits of inflation as largely ‘creamed off’ by the nobles. ... More


Finnis on Justice

John Gardner

in Reason, Morality, and Law: The Philosophy of John Finnis

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199675500
eISBN:
9780191757228
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199675500.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

Following Aquinas, John Finnis treats the domain of justice as the domain of duties owed to others, or (equivalently) actions to the performance of which others have a right. This chapter challenges ... More


“A Sin to Join the Army”: The Debate over Conscription

Steven J. Ramold

in Across the Divide: Union Soldiers View the Northern Home Front

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814729199
eISBN:
9780814760178
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814729199.003.0005
Subject:
History, American History: Civil War

This chapter examines how conscription became a debatable issue between Union soldiers and Northern civilians during the Civil War. A large number of Union soldiers entered the service under the ... More


A Closing and an Opening: The Massie-Fortescue Murder Trial

John P. Rosa

in Local Story: The Massie-Kahahawai Case and the Culture of History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824828257
eISBN:
9780824868468
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824828257.003.0005
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

This chapter recounts the last days of the Massie–Fortescue murder trial, the sentencing of the group, and the subsequent commutation of their sentences by Governor Lawrence McCully Judd in the ... More


I Cannot Allow This Boy to Be Executed: The Essential Role of Mercy, 1910–1949

Seth Kotch

in Lethal State: A History of the Death Penalty in North Carolina

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9781469649870
eISBN:
9781469649894
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/northcarolina/9781469649870.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter explains how executive clemency—the state governor’s power to reduce a death penalty to a lesser sentence—helped make capital punishment function in North Carolina. With mandatory death ... More


Free Quantum Fields

Daniel Canarutto

in Gauge Field Theory in Natural Geometric Language: A revisitation of mathematical notions of quantum physics

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
December 2020
ISBN:
9780198861492
eISBN:
9780191894374
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198861492.003.0018
Subject:
Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, Mathematical Physics

The notion of free quantum field is thoroughly discussed in the linearised setting associated with the choice of a detector. The discussion requires attention to certain details that are often ... More


Identical Particles and Second Quantization: Occupation Number Representation

Norman J. Morgenstern Horing

in Quantum Statistical Field Theory: An Introduction to Schwinger's Variational Method with Green's Function Nanoapplications, Graphene and Superconductivity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780198791942
eISBN:
9780191834165
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198791942.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Focusing on systems of many identical particles, Chapter 2 introduces appropriate operators to describe their properties in terms of Schwinger’s “measurement symbols.” The latter are then factorized ... More


Classifying Clemency

Ian O'Donnell

in Justice, Mercy, and Caprice: Clemency and the Death Penalty in Ireland

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198798477
eISBN:
9780191839467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198798477.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

‘Clemency’ refers to a reduction, by politicians, in the severity of punishments lawfully imposed by judges. It includes reprieve, commutation, remission, pardon, and amnesty. A considerable amount ... More


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