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Contexts of Mothers’ Lives

Robert A. Levine, Sarah E. Levine, Beatrice Schnell-Anzola, Meredith L. Rowe, and Emily Dexter

in Literacy and Mothering: How Women’s Schooling Changes the Lives of the World's Children

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195309829
eISBN:
9780199932733
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195309829.003.0021
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter provides an overview of the community-level field research on maternal literacy carried out in four countries: Mexico, Nepal, Venezuela and Zambia. It begins with the ways in which ... More


The Impact of the HIV Epidemic on U.S. Gay Male Communities

Jay P. Paul and Thomas J. Coates

in Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Identities over the Lifespan: Psychological Perspectives

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780195082319
eISBN:
9780199848577
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195082319.003.0014
Subject:
Psychology, Clinical Psychology

This chapter talks about research findings and observations of methods in which the HIV epidemic has infected gay and bisexual individuals and communities, and public representations of ... More


Complexity and community empowerment in regeneration, 2002–04

Felicity Greenham and Rhetta Moran

in Doing research with refugees: Issues and guidelines

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861345981
eISBN:
9781447302131
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861345981.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Migration Studies (including Refugee Studies)

This chapter uses the recent experience of one of the authors, who developed community-level engagement in an urban health-regeneration programme, as the basis for its discussion. The first section ... More


Donor, lender and research agencies’ response to the HIV crisis

Chris Simms

in The HIV Pandemic: Local and Global Implications

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199237401
eISBN:
9780191723957
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199237401.003.0041
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health, Epidemiology

The international donor community has long held that governments' failure to confront the HIV pandemic and take clear steps aimed at its prevention and control, are key to understanding the severity ... More


Community Characteristics and Police Search Rates: Accounting for the Ethnic Diversity of Urban Areas in the Study of Black, White, and Hispanic Searches

Karen F. Parker, Erin C. Lane, and Geoffrey P. Alpert

in Race, Ethnicity, and Policing: New and Essential Readings

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780814776155
eISBN:
9780814777480
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
NYU Press
DOI:
10.18574/nyu/9780814776155.003.0014
Subject:
Sociology, Law, Crime and Deviance

This chapter examines the impact of community-level indicators on police search decisions in traffic stops involving White, Black, and Hispanic motorists using data from more than sixty-one thousand ... More


How the areas are changing

Anne Power, Helen Willmot, and Rosemary Davidson

in Family futures: Childhood and poverty in urban neighbourhoods

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847429728
eISBN:
9781447302315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847429728.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter gathers up parents’ views on the changes in their neighbourhood resulting from government efforts, changes at the community level and how these changes had affected their families. It ... More


How Sure Start Local Programme areas changed

Jacqueline Barnes

in The National Evaluation of Sure Start: Does area-based early intervention work?

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349507
eISBN:
9781447303909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349507.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Marriage and the Family

This chapter discusses the average amount of change in SSLP areas, which is akin to looking at change in a group of children who vary in age from three of four years to late teenage years, and with ... More


Population growth and density dependence

Gary G. Mittelbach and Brian J. McGill

in Community Ecology

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780198835851
eISBN:
9780191873379
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198835851.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Ecology, Biodiversity / Conservation Biology

This chapter reviews the basic mathematics of population growth as described by the exponential growth model and the logistic growth model. These simple models of population growth provide a ... More


City survival within precarious communities – who pays the price of change?

Anne Power

in City survivors: Bringing up children in disadvantaged neighbourhoods

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420503
eISBN:
9781447301875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420503.003.0007
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter explores the gap between what families need and how city structures support their inhabitants. It notes that in theory at least, city governments try to equalise conditions on the ... More


Food Insecurity In The West Bank

Elisa Cavatorta and Sam Waples

in Food Security in the Middle East

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
December 2014
ISBN:
9780199361786
eISBN:
9780190235697
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199361786.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter explores the spatial patterns of food insecurity in the West Bank region of the Palestinian Territories, and how community-level factors, such as environmental aspects and resource ... More


Introduction

Paul Hoggett, Marjorie Mayo, and Miller Chris

in The dilemmas of development work: Ethical challenges in regeneration

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861349729
eISBN:
9781447303732
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861349729.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter provides an introduction which aims to reconnect the analysis of current developments with an important but dormant tradition in social policy implementation at ‘street’ or ‘community’ ... More


Economic Strengthening Approaches with Female Sex Workers: Implications for HIV Prevention

A Mantsios, D Kerrigan, J Mbwambo, S Likindikoki, and C Shembilu

in Structural Interventions for HIV Prevention: Optimizing Strategies for Reducing New Infections and Improving Care

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
December 2018
ISBN:
9780190675486
eISBN:
9780190675509
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190675486.003.0007
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Epidemiology

This chapter examines different strategies for addressing the economic vulnerability that puts female sex workers (FSW) at increased risk of acquiring HIV. After presenting various theoretical ... More


Prelude to Prevention

Larry Cohen

in Prevention Diaries: The Practice and Pursuit of Health for All

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2016
ISBN:
9780190623821
eISBN:
9780190623852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190623821.003.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

The sweeping community prevention successes captured throughout Prevention Diaries underscore the value of investing and reinvesting in prevention initiatives and the urgent need to emphasize such ... More


Scaling up infochemicals: ecological consequences of chemosensory assessment of predation risk

Andrew M. Turner and Scott D. Peacor

in Chemical Ecology in Aquatic Systems

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199583096
eISBN:
9780191810091
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199583096.003.0011
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter focuses on the examples from the freshwater and marine literature that illustrate how consideration of information flow can assist in constructing a useful theory of food-web dynamics. ... More


Anthropogenic Effects on Kelp Forests

David R. Schiel and Michael S. Foster

in The Biology and Ecology of Giant Kelp Forests

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780520278868
eISBN:
9780520961098
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520278868.003.0010
Subject:
Biology, Ecology

This chapter examines the predation and trophic cascades in kelp communities, focusing on the relationships between sea urchins and their predators. It is often assumed that the natural state of kelp ... More


Is Decentralized Iron Fortification a Feasible Option to Fight Anemia among the Poorest?

Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo, and Rachel Glennerster (eds)

in Explorations in the Economics of Aging

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
February 2013
ISBN:
9780226903378
eISBN:
9780226903385
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226903385.003.0011
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Public and Welfare

This chapter describes the impact of a village-level health intervention to fortify locally milled flour. Iron deficiency is believed to be the most common nutrient deficiency in the world today, and ... More


The Principle of Participation

Henk Addink

in Good Governance: Concept and Context

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780198841159
eISBN:
9780191876653
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198841159.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Participation is the active involvement of a group of individuals in a collective process on actual or intended actions of administrative authorities. Participation can refer to taking part in ... More


Current control strategies for infectious diseases in low-income countries

Fréric Pagè, Dominique Maison, and Michael Faulde

in Ecology and Evolution of Infectious Diseases: pathogen control and public health management in low-income countries

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
August 2018
ISBN:
9780198789833
eISBN:
9780191831508
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198789833.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The burden of communicable diseases is ten times higher in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) in terms of mortality rate and of years of life lost. Most of the LMCIs are in tropical or ... More


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