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How Local Casualties Shape Politics

Douglas L. Kriner and Francis X. Shen

in The Casualty Gap: The Causes and Consequences of American Wartime Inequalities

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195390964
eISBN:
9780199776788
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195390964.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The death of a soldier can affect an entire community. Friends and neighbors, politicians and community leaders, and even just readers of the local newspaper join in the grieving, mourning, and ... More


Community-Level Interactions and Disease Dynamics

Karen D. McCoy

in Infectious Disease Ecology of Wild Birds

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
August 2021
ISBN:
9780198746249
eISBN:
9780191808852
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198746249.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Disease Ecology / Epidemiology, Ornithology

An ecological community includes all individuals of all species that interact within a single patch or local area of habitat. Understanding the outcome of host–parasite interactions and predicting ... More


Community Effects of Fishing

Ken H. Andersen

in Fish Ecology, Evolution, and Exploitation: A New Theoretical Synthesis

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780691192956
eISBN:
9780691189260
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691192956.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Aquatic Biology

This chapter uses the community model to repeat many of the classic impact calculations of a single stock on the entire community. Here, a focus is the appearance of trophic cascades initiated by the ... More


Cell Sociology: The cell as social agent

Andrew S. Reynolds

in The Third Lens: Metaphor and the Creation of Modern Cell Biology

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780226563121
eISBN:
9780226563435
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226563435.003.0004
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science

This chapter discusses the development of tissue and cell culture, techniques which allowed scientists to investigate the autonomous abilities of animal cells living outside the body. The metaphor ... More


Discovering the Ties That Bind: Cell-Cell Communication and the Development of Cell Sociology

Andrew S. Reynolds

in Biological Individuality: Integrating Scientific, Philosophical, and Historical Perspectives

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780226446318
eISBN:
9780226446592
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226446592.003.0005
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Social metaphors have long been a part of the cell theory. In the nineteenth century plants and animals were described as ‘cell-states’ (ZellenStaaten) composed of cell ‘citizens’ functionally ... More


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