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The Two Roots of Head Start

Edward Zigler and Sally J. Styfco

in The Hidden History of Head Start

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780195393767
eISBN:
9780199776993
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195393767.003.0002
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

This chapter focuses on the planning of the Head Start program. To the planners, the purpose of Head Start was optimal child development, resulting in improved school readiness. The Community Action ... More


Community health and wellbeing: Action research on health inequalities

Steve Cropper, Alison Porter, and Gareth Williams (eds)

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781861348180
eISBN:
9781447301936
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781861348180.001.0001
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Improving health in populations in which it is poor is a complex process. This book argues that the traditional government approach of exhorting individuals to live healthier lifestyles is not enough ... More


Community action and planning: Contexts, drivers and outcomes

Nick Gallent and Daniela Ciaffi (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9781447315162
eISBN:
9781447315186
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447315162.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

With trust in top-down government faltering, community-based groups around the world are displaying an ever-greater appetite to take control of their own lives and neighbourhoods. Government, for its ... More


Re-gilding the ghetto: community work and community development in 21st-century Britain

Sarah Banks

in Radical social work today: Social work at the crossroads

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847428189
eISBN:
9781447303138
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847428189.003.0011
Subject:
Social Work, Social Policy

This chapter examines the nature of ‘community work’ and regards ‘community development’ as one of several approaches to community work. It considers Marjorie Mayo's conclusion that community ... More


The Newark Frontier: Community Action in the Great Society

Mark Krasovic

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226352794
eISBN:
9780226352824
Item type:
book
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226352824.001.0001
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This book follows community action – the idea, popular in the years of the Great Society, that marginalized people should participate in designing and implementing public programs that affect their ... More


State and Local Public Health Surveillance in the United States

Guthrie S. Birkhead and Christopher M. Maylahn

in Principles & Practice of Public Health Surveillance

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780195372922
eISBN:
9780199866090
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195372922.003.0018
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

This chapter describes the application of specific principles to the practice of public health surveillance at the state and local level. It describes the development and current status of state and ... More


Evaluating the War on Poverty: The Conservatism Of Liberalism

Frank Stricker

in Why America Lost the War on Poverty—and How to Win it

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780807831113
eISBN:
9781469603575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of North Carolina Press
DOI:
10.5149/9780807882290_stricker.7
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter evaluates the programs that were commonly associated with President Lyndon Johnson's War on Poverty, especially those that were implemented by R. Sargent Shriver's Office of Economic ... More


Community as policy: reflections on community engagement, empowerment and social action in a changing policy context

Angus McCabe (ed.)

in Community Groups in Context: Local Activities and Actions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781447327776
eISBN:
9781447327806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447327776.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Organizations

This chapter explores the debates about 'below the radar' (BTR) community groups and their assumed role in delivering a range of policy agendas from democratic renewal through to community cohesion ... More


The Fight to Preserve Local Control

Karen M. Hawkins

in Everybody's Problem: The War on Poverty in Eastern North Carolina

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780813054971
eISBN:
9780813053424
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813054971.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter discusses the Office of Economic Opportunity’s shift away from local ideas. This primarily entailed OEO funding fewer projects originating from local people and instead pushing national ... More


Conclusion: Community Action and the Hollow Prize

Mark Krasovic

in The Newark Frontier: Community Action in the Great Society

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226352794
eISBN:
9780226352824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226352824.003.0013
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

The book’s conclusion considers the legacy of 1960s community action in the decades after the election of the city’s first black mayor in 1970, a period in which the city was regarded as a largely ... More


Community and Research Together

Claire Townsend Ing, Rebecca Delafield, and Shelley Soong

Winona K. Mesiona Lee and Mele A. Look (eds)

in Ho'i Hou Ka Mauli Ola: Pathways to Native Hawaiian Health

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780824872731
eISBN:
9780824875718
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824872731.003.0008
Subject:
Society and Culture, Pacific Studies

Hawaiians have faced historical and cultural traumas leading to modern day inequities in the social, economic and political realms. These inequities contribute to poor health status that many Native ... More


Introduction: Maximum Feasible Participation

Stephen Schryer

in Maximum Feasible Participation: American Literature and the War on Poverty

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781503603677
eISBN:
9781503606081
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503603677.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

Focusing on the African American poet and playwright Amiri Baraka (LeRoi Jones), the Introduction explores links between 1950s and 1960s process literature and the Community Action Program. Baraka’s ... More


Introduction

Liz Richardson

in DIY Community Action: Neighbourhood problems and community self-help

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420855
eISBN:
9781447302124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420855.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This introductory chapter looks at the activities people in low-income neighbourhoods are doing in order to improve the places where they live. It first discusses DIY community action, which is used ... More


Community action: so what?

Liz Richardson

in DIY Community Action: Neighbourhood problems and community self-help

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9781847420855
eISBN:
9781447302124
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781847420855.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Urban and Rural Studies

This chapter aims to show how the work of the groups contributes to dealing with social exclusion and neighbourhood decline. It examines how one understands the value the groups' work has, what the ... More


The Construction of Community Action in the Great Society

Mark Krasovic

in The Newark Frontier: Community Action in the Great Society

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
January 2017
ISBN:
9780226352794
eISBN:
9780226352824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226352824.003.0002
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter provides a history of the development of the Community Action Program within the Kennedy and Johnson administrations. It complements those histories that have focused on the role of ... More


Flexible local planning:: Linking community initiative with municipal planning in Volda, Norway

Jørgen Amdam

in Community action and planning: Contexts, drivers and outcomes

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9781447315162
eISBN:
9781447315186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447315162.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

The author brings different actors and scales together in a depiction of Volda (Norway) as a complex adaptive system, arguing that the effects of scale can be nullified where there is a genuine ... More


Learning to sustain social action

Jenny Phillimore and Angus McCabe (eds)

in Community Groups in Context: Local Activities and Actions

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
September 2017
ISBN:
9781447327776
eISBN:
9781447327806
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447327776.003.0013
Subject:
Sociology, Organizations

There is a growing interest in social networks and the potential that exploring them brings to understanding development and change in communities. Equally, there has been, until recently, a ... More


Between Inclusion and Exclusion: The Origins of the U.S. Community Action Program

Kazuyo Tsuchiya

in Reinventing Citizenship: Black Los Angeles, Korean Kawasaki, and Community Participation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780816681112
eISBN:
9781452947945
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Minnesota Press
DOI:
10.5749/minnesota/9780816681112.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Movements and Social Change

This chapter discusses the Community Action Program (CAP) and its doctrine of the “maximum feasible participation” of the poor in the early 1960s. The CAP was created under the leadership of the ... More


Maximum Feasible Participation: American Literature and the War on Poverty

Stephen Schryer

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
September 2018
ISBN:
9781503603677
eISBN:
9781503606081
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9781503603677.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, American, 20th Century Literature

Ranging from the 1950s to the present, Maximum Feasible Participation traces the literary legacy of the War on Poverty. After World War II, countercultural and minority writers developed an ... More


Small-town comprehensive planning in California:: Medial pathways to community-based participation

Hemalata Dandekar and Kelly Main

in Community action and planning: Contexts, drivers and outcomes

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9781447315162
eISBN:
9781447315186
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:
10.1332/policypress/9781447315162.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Public Policy

In southern California the authors present a case study revealing that community action is an extension of existing community processes and capacities. They are dealing with processes that have been ... More


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