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Adversaries on the Left: Revolutionary Rhetoric and Reformist Realities

Jack Hayward

in Fragmented France: Two Centuries of Disputed Identity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
May 2007
ISBN:
9780199216314
eISBN:
9780191712265
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199216314.003.0011
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

Weak party and trade union organizations have been fragmented by fascination with revolutionary rhetoric despite recourse in practice to reformism. Following a contrast between anarchist outsiders ... More


Liberal and Illiberal Democracy After Communism

Milada Anna Vachudova

in Europe Undivided: Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
April 2005
ISBN:
9780199241194
eISBN:
9780191602382
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199241198.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, European Union

The empirical variation between the political trajectories of Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic, on the one hand, and Romania, Bulgaria, and Slovakia, on the other, is striking in the early ... More


Gorbachev and Political Transformation

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

A central thesis of the book, elaborated especially in this chapter, is that from the outset of his General Secretaryship, Gorbachev was seriously interested in political change as well as in ... More


What Is Different About Post‐Communist Party Systems? 1

Peter Mair

in Party System Change: Approaches and Interpretations

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198295495
eISBN:
9780191599804
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198295499.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This is the second of three chapters on political party systems and structures of competition, and looks at post-communist party systems in Europe. The author’s intention is to explore some ... More


Winning and Losing in Old and New Democracies

Christopher J. Anderson, André Blais, Shaun Bowler, Todd Donovan, and Ola Listhaug

in Losers' Consent: Elections and Democratic Legitimacy

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199276387
eISBN:
9780191602719
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199276382.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

Examines the dimensions of losers’ consent in old and new democracies. We expect that losing has stronger negative effects in new democracies relative to mature democracies since losers have not yet ... More


Excluding Communists

David Howell

in MacDonald's Party: Labour Identities and Crisis 1922-1931

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198203049
eISBN:
9780191719530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198203049.003.0023
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

The relationship between the Labour Party and the Communist Party remained unresolved through most of the 1920s. Only in 1928, after several debates resulting in ambiguous decisions, did the Labour ... More


Introduction

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

Obstacles to democratization and pre‐conditions for transformative change are examined, as are changing evaluations of Mikhail Gorbachev. The weakness of the dissident movement in the first half of ... More


The Making of a Reformist General Secretary

Archie Brown

in The Gorbachev Factor

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780192880529
eISBN:
9780191598876
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0192880527.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

This chapter traces Gorbachev's progress from birth in March 1931 in a peasant family in southern Russia to his appointment as the Secretary of the Central Committee of the Soviet Communist Party ... More


Singing the Village: Music, Memory and Ritual among the Sibe of Xinjiang

Rachel Harris

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197262979
eISBN:
9780191734717
Item type:
book
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197262979.001.0001
Subject:
Music, Ethnomusicology, World Music

The Sibe are an immigrant group, Qing dynasty bannermen who made a three-year ‘long march’ from Manchuria in the 18th century to serve as a border garrison in the newly conquered Western Regions of ... More


The Naxalites and their Ideology

Rabindra Ray

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780198077381
eISBN:
9780199081011
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077381.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

The Naxalite beginnings are by now history, and not a little nostalgia tinges the memory of these dreaded events. The leaders, the organizers, the spine, and the continuity of the movement are the ... More


The German Communist Party: (July 10, 1944)

Herbert Marcuse

in Secret Reports on Nazi Germany: The Frankfurt School Contribution to the War Effort

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691134130
eISBN:
9781400846467
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691134130.003.0014
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter focuses on the Communist Party of Germany. Prior to 1933, the German Communist Party was an important force in the German political system and one of the three largest political parties. ... More


Revolutionaries in Power, 1917–1923

Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

in The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members 1917-1991

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198297383
eISBN:
9780191599842
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198297386.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Russian Politics

The Central Committee of the Russian Communist Party, which constituted the political elite of Soviet Russia, was in Lenin's time, relatively homogeneous and was entirely composed of people who had ... More


‘It Should Look Democratic …’: The German Communists and the Birth of the SED

DIRK SPILKER

in The East German Leadership and the Division of Germany: Patriotism and Propaganda 1945-1953

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199284122
eISBN:
9780191712579
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199284122.003.0002
Subject:
History, European Modern History

This chapter, which covers the period from 1944 to 1946, describes the communists' plans for post-war Germany, their bid for control in Soviet-occupied Eastern Germany (which they were hoping to use ... More


The Dynamics of Political Normalization, Summer 1945–February 1946

Martin Conway

in The Sorrows of Belgium: Liberation and Political Reconstruction, 1944-1947

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199694341
eISBN:
9780191738401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694341.003.0005
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The period from the summer of 1945 to the first post-war elections in February 1946 saw the reconstruction of Belgian politics around the twin poles of the Socialist and Catholic parties. This ... More


The Death of the KPD: Communism and Anti-Communism in West Germany, 1945-1956

Patrick Major

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206934
eISBN:
9780191677397
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206934.001.0001
Subject:
History, European Modern History, Political History

Why was the West German Communist Party banned in 1956, only 11 years after it had emerged from Nazi persecution? Although politically weak, the post-war party was in ... More


Why did the Communist Party Reform in China, but not in the Soviet Union?

Johan F. M. Swinnen

in From Marx and Mao to the Market: The Economics and Politics of Agricultural Transition

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
May 2006
ISBN:
9780199288915
eISBN:
9780191603518
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199288917.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter explains why reforms were possible during the 1970s in China under the Communist regime, but not in the Soviet Union. It argues that the reasons are a combination of a change in ... More


The Struggle for Liberty and Legality, September 1944–February 1945

Martin Conway

in The Sorrows of Belgium: Liberation and Political Reconstruction, 1944-1947

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199694341
eISBN:
9780191738401
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199694341.003.0003
Subject:
History, European Modern History

The Liberation of Belgium by Allied troops in September was rapid and relatively bloodless. But it served as the prelude to a prolonged crisis of political power. The new government headed by Hubert ... More


Music, the Fête de l’Humanité, and Demographic Change in Post-War France

Eric Drott

in Red Strains: Music and Communism Outside the Communist Bloc

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780197265390
eISBN:
9780191760440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197265390.003.0016
Subject:
Music, History, Western

This chapter examines music's role in the Fête de l'Humanité, an annual festival organized by L'Humanité, the French Communist Party's principal organ. Beyond generating revenue and mobilizing ... More


An Anti‐Fascist Alliance, 1934–42

Nicholas Owen

in The British Left and India: Metropolitan Anti-Imperialism, 1885-1947

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780199233014
eISBN:
9780191716423
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233014.003.0009
Subject:
History, Political History

This chapter looks at the most successful effort to build an alliance of the kind described in the previous chapter: the anti-fascist alliance built by Jawaharlal Nehru and parts of the Labour left, ... More


Anticolonialism in British Politics: The Left and the End of Empire 1918-1964

Stephen Howe

Published in print:
1993
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198204237
eISBN:
9780191676178
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198204237.001.0001
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This book studies British anticolonialism, an offshoot of a massive global upsurge of sentiment which has dominated much of the history of the 20th century. This book ... More


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