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The Making of the Internet

Ilkka Tuomi

in Networks of Innovation: Change and Meaning in the Age of the Internet

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199269051
eISBN:
9780191699337
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199269051.003.0004
Subject:
Business and Management, Knowledge Management, Innovation

This chapter describes the early phases of the evolution of the Internet. More exactly, the focus is on that point of time when computer networking was only an idea. Although there are excellent ... More


 Competing for Minds at the Mela: Organization, Nationalism, and Propaganda, 1906–1942

Kama Maclean

in Pilgrimage and Power: The Kumbh Mela in Allahabad, 1765-1954

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780195338942
eISBN:
9780199867110
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195338942.003.0006
Subject:
Religion, Hinduism

This chapter examines the way in which the pilgrimage system functioned as a device to communicate a range of ideas in colonial India. Both colonial authorities and nationalists sought to use the ... More


Broadcasting and New Technologies: The Case of Japan

Michael Tracey

in The Decline and Fall of Public Service Broadcasting

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198159254
eISBN:
9780191673573
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198159254.003.0012
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

The immediate post-war development of broadcasting in Japan had to be viewed against the vast project in social engineering which was otherwise known as the Occupation. So today one has to look at ... More


The emergence of embodied communication in artificial agents and humans

Bruno Galantucci and Luc Steels

in Embodied Communication in Humans and Machines

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199231751
eISBN:
9780191696527
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199231751.003.0011
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter discusses the emergence of new communication systems and their expansion and adaptation in usage. It presents studies that focus exclusively on the mapping from meaning to form and from ... More


Why We Alone Have Language

Kevin N. Laland

in Darwin's Unfinished Symphony

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780691182810
eISBN:
9780691184470
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691182810.003.0008
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter explores how and why language evolved by asking what caused our ancestors to take the first steps away from the communication systems that other animals, particularly other primates, ... More


Multidisciplinary Care: Speech and Language Therapy

Amanda Scott and Maryanne McPhee

in Palliative Care in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: From diagnosis to bereavement, 2nd Edn

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
November 2011
ISBN:
9780199212934
eISBN:
9780191730368
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199212934.003.0014
Subject:
Palliative Care, Patient Care and End-of-Life Decision Making, Palliative Medicine Research

Communicating is a fundamental human activity, enabling people to share thoughts about life experiences. For ALS patients, speech may become incomprehensible and the language and cognitive functions ... More


The Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire)

Hugues Kone

in Telecommunications in Africa

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195102017
eISBN:
9780199854936
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195102017.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Information Technology

The Ivory Coast's electronic communications system is very strong. This is manifested through the early introduction of a telecommunications industry; the practical application of that industry; and ... More


On the recent origin of symbolically-mediated language and its implications for psychological science

Andrew Lock

in The Descent of Mind: Psychological Perspectives on Hominid Evolution

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632593
eISBN:
9780191670497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632593.003.0017
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

The earliest dates for anatomically-modern human fossil remains are around 100,000 years ago. It would seem that early modern humans had an essentially modern intelligence, and on that basis also had ... More


Evolutionary Forces Favoring Communicative Flexibility

Ulrike Griebel and D. Kimbrough Oller

in Evolution of Communicative Flexibility: Complexity, Creativity, and Adaptability in Human and Animal Communication

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262151214
eISBN:
9780262281027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262151214.003.0002
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter defines “signal flexibility” and “functional flexibility” as two kinds of contextual flexibility in communication. It evaluates the environmental/social conditions and communication ... More


Introduction

Ami Ayalon

in The Press in the Arab Middle East: A History

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780195087802
eISBN:
9780199854516
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195087802.003.0001
Subject:
History, Middle East History

This chapter gives a brief background on Arabic press and the European prototype. During the pre-twentieth century Muslim Middle East there was already an effective communications system that was in ... More


7 The Evolution of Prestige Good Systems: an Application of Network Analysis to the Transformation of Communication Systems and their Media

Koji Mizoguchi

in Network Analysis in Archaeology: New Approaches to Regional Interaction

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199697090
eISBN:
9780191745300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199697090.003.0007
Subject:
Classical Studies, Archaeology: Classical

This chapter proposes a two-stage evolutionary model of ‘prestige good systems’. The model is based upon the understanding that prestige goods are symbolically generalized communication media that ... More


The Role of Play in the Evolution and Ontogeny of Contextually Flexible Communication

Stan Kuczaj and Radhika Makecha

in Evolution of Communicative Flexibility: Complexity, Creativity, and Adaptability in Human and Animal Communication

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262151214
eISBN:
9780262281027
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262151214.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter presents a theoretical perspective on the role of play in a variety of species, and how their evolution may have affected the emergence of language. It highlights the ways that ... More


Communications Under the Seas: The Evolving Cable Network and Its Implications

Bernard Finn and Daqing Yang (eds)

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012867
eISBN:
9780262255059
Item type:
book
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012867.001.0001
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

By the end of the twentieth century, fiber-optic technology had made possible a worldwide communications system of breathtaking speed and capacity. This network is the latest evolution of ... More


Cross-Cultural Universals and Communication Structures

Stephen C. Levinson

in Language, Music, and the Brain: A Mysterious Relationship

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262018104
eISBN:
9780262314121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018104.003.0003
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

Given the diversity of languages, it is unlikely that the human capacity for language resides in rich universal syntactic machinery. More likely, it resides centrally in the capacity for vocal ... More


Cultures in Cyberspace: Communications System Design as Social Sculpture

Anna Couey

in Social Media Archeology and Poetics

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034654
eISBN:
9780262336871
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034654.003.0021
Subject:
Society and Culture, Technology and Society

Cultures in Cyberspace was a temporary communications network organized by the author in 1992 to connect five culturally diverse online communities in conversation: American Indian ... More


Culture and Evolution

W. Ian Cross, Tecumseh Fitch, Francisco Aboitiz, Atsushi Iriki, Erich D. Jarvis, Jerome Lewis, Katja Liebal, Bjorn Merker, Dietrich Stout, and Sandra E. Trehub

in Language, Music, and the Brain: A Mysterious Relationship

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780262018104
eISBN:
9780262314121
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262018104.003.0021
Subject:
Neuroscience, Development

This chapter captures extensive discussions between people with different forms of expertise and viewpoints. It explores the relationships between language and music in evolutionary and cultural ... More


Beyond Chemistry and Biology

Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

in Artificial Chemistries

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780262029438
eISBN:
9780262329460
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.003.0020
Subject:
Public Health and Epidemiology, Public Health

Artificial chemistries can be found in fields beyond chemistry and biology. While it is most natural to look at examples from these fields, the self-assembly of entities at different scales can be ... More


The Logistic System

Pesach Malovany IDF (Ret.), Amatzia Baram, Kevin M. Woods, and Ronna Englesberg

in Wars of Modern Babylon: A History of the Iraqi Army from 1921 to 2003

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780813169439
eISBN:
9780813169514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813169439.003.0050
Subject:
History, Military History

This chapter deals with the Logistic System of the Iraqi Armed Forces, that included several important staff and field directorates. It describes the organization and structure of the Logistic ... More


Robert Knight: Reforming Editor in Victorian India

Edwin Hirschmann

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
October 2012
ISBN:
9780195696226
eISBN:
9780199080557
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195696226.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, Film, Media, and Cultural Studies

This volume is a historical biography of Robert Knight — a pioneering editor and the founder of the Times of India in Bombay and the Statesman in Calcutta — and covers his entire life from 1825–1890. ... More


Introduction

Bernard Finn and Daqing Yang

in Communications Under the Seas: The Evolving Cable Network and Its Implications

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262012867
eISBN:
9780262255059
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262012867.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

This chapter introduces and tracks the history of the speed at which our worldwide communications system developed. It relays the major points and focuses on the collection of essays included in the ... More


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