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Evangelical Free Will: Phillipp Melanchthon's Doctrinal Journey on the Origins of Faith

Gregory Graybill

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199589487
eISBN:
9780191594588
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589487.001.0001
Subject:
Religion, Church History

If one is saved by faith alone in Jesus Christ, then what is the origin of that faith? Is it a preordained gift of God to elect individuals, or is some measure of human free choice involved? ... More


Rural Industrialization in the Maoist Era

Chris Bramall

in The Industrialization of Rural China

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
January 2007
ISBN:
9780199275939
eISBN:
9780191706073
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275939.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia

Rural industry developed quickly in China before 1978. One main factor was the massive programme of Third Front construction, which focused on creating modern industry in rural areas in western ... More


Conclusion

Judith Pallot

in Land Reform in Russia, 1906–1917: Peasant Responses to Stolypin's Project of Rural Transformation

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198206569
eISBN:
9780191677212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198206569.003.0009
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This book concludes that, notwithstanding the larger than expected numbers of peasant households coming forward to adopt the Stolypin Land Reform, the likelihood that an agricultural advance in ... More


European Tort Law

Cees van Dam

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199227679
eISBN:
9780191710414
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227679.001.0001
Subject:
Law, EU Law

This is the first introductory text book to European tort law. It brings together national tort law, comparative law, European Union (EU) law, and human rights law, and provides insights into the ... More


Forms of Social Solidarity in Russia and the Soviet Union1

Geoffrey Hosking

in Trust and Democratic Transition in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263136
eISBN:
9780191734922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263136.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Traditional interpretations of Russian society rest on a contrast between Russian authoritarianism and the liberties of Western societies. According to these interpretations, Russia right up to the ... More


The Genealogy of Krugovaya Poruka: Forced Trust as a Feature of Russian Political Culture

Alena Ledeneva

in Trust and Democratic Transition in Post-Communist Europe

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263136
eISBN:
9780191734922
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263136.003.0005
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

Russia is characterized by a high degree of interpersonal trust, reflected in the fundamental divide between us/insiders (svoi) and them/outsiders (chuzhie), with a consequent gap in ethical ... More


A Decade of Tumult (1870–9)

Wendy S. Mercer

in The Life and Travels of Xavier Marmier (1808-1892): Bringing World Literature to France

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780197263884
eISBN:
9780191734830
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
British Academy
DOI:
10.5871/bacad/9780197263884.003.0013
Subject:
Literature, 19th-century and Victorian Literature

The year 1870 proved momentous both in terms of French life and history and for Marmier personally. His joy at being elected to the Académie française was set against the grim backdrop of the ... More


1519–1522: Advent

Gregory B. Graybill

in Evangelical Free Will: Phillipp Melanchthon's Doctrinal Journey on the Origins of Faith

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199589487
eISBN:
9780191594588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589487.003.0004
Subject:
Religion, Church History

In 1519, Melanchthon insisted on the bondage of the will as the result of both the divine determination of all things, and the Fall. However, over the next few years, his formulations became less ... More


1532–1535: Conversion

Gregory B. Graybill

in Evangelical Free Will: Phillipp Melanchthon's Doctrinal Journey on the Origins of Faith

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199589487
eISBN:
9780191594588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589487.003.0008
Subject:
Religion, Church History

In his Commentary on Romans of 1532, Melanchthon began to teach that the human will had limited freedom in both the temporal and spiritual realms. He further fleshed this out in the Loci communes of ... More


1536–1547: Tremors

Gregory B. Graybill

in Evangelical Free Will: Phillipp Melanchthon's Doctrinal Journey on the Origins of Faith

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199589487
eISBN:
9780191594588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589487.003.0009
Subject:
Religion, Church History

In the late 1530s, Melanchthon's new formulation of the will's role in justification came under criticism from Conrad Cordatus and John Calvin. As the 1540s began, Melanchthon continued to clarify ... More


1548–1553: Aftermath

Gregory B. Graybill

in Evangelical Free Will: Phillipp Melanchthon's Doctrinal Journey on the Origins of Faith

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199589487
eISBN:
9780191594588
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199589487.003.0010
Subject:
Religion, Church History

In the aftermath of the Protestant loss of the Schmalkaldic War, Melanchthon was faced with new challenges—including fielding energetic attacks from Matthias Flacius Illyricus. Another challenge ... More


Historical Observations

Nils Jansen

in The Making of Legal Authority: Non-legislative Codifications in Historical and Comparative Perspective

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199588763
eISBN:
9780191723315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199588763.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Philosophy of Law

This chapter traces the historical connections between the law and the state. Topics covered include codifications and the state, textual foundations of the ius commune, and legislative codifications ... More


Commemorating Trauma: The Paris Commune and Its Cultural Aftermath

Peter Starr

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780823226030
eISBN:
9780823240920
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823226030.001.0001
Subject:
Literature, European Literature

Nothing says more about a culture than the way it responds to deeply traumatic events. The Reign of Terror, America's Civil War, the Holocaust, Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the Kennedy assassination, ... More


Philip Melanchthon (1497–1560): Return to Method

David C. Steinmetz

in Reformers in the Wings: From Geiler von Kaysersberg to Theodore Beza

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195130485
eISBN:
9780199869008
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195130480.003.0007
Subject:
Religion, History of Christianity

Melanchthon was one of Martin Luther's closest associates in Wittenberg and the author of the Augsburg Confession, numerous commentaries on the Bible (including five commentaries on Romans), ... More


Republics Protected by God

Maurizio Viroli

in As If God Existed: Religion and Liberty in the History of Italy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691142357
eISBN:
9781400845514
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691142357.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on the religious dimension of communes that emerged in northern and central Italy in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. The assemblies of citizens that gave birth to the ... More


Social Welfare and Care

Joseph Chan

in Confucian Perfectionism: A Political Philosophy for Modern Times

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158617
eISBN:
9781400848690
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158617.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter looks at how Mencius envisions a multilevel social system of provision in which the family, the village or commune, as well as the government all have specific roles to play. Social ... More


Europe in ad 1000

Tom Scott

in The City-State in Europe, 1000-1600: Hinterland, Territory, Region

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199274604
eISBN:
9780191738685
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199274604.003.0002
Subject:
History, British and Irish Medieval History

Europe in 1000 is a vantage‐point, not a starting‐point: the chapter emphasizes continuities in the recovery of urban life, commerce, and population in Europe, especially the Mediterranean. ... More


August–September 1792: Invasion and Massacre

Siân Reynolds

in Marriage and Revolution: Monsieur and Madame Roland

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199560424
eISBN:
9780191741814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199560424.003.0022
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History, Cultural History

The ministers cooperate over emergency measures, but invasion fears trigger the September massacres in Paris: impromptu trials and brutal executions of many prisoners, including clerics or common law ... More


The Administration of a Medieval City‐Territory: Twelfth to Fourteenth Centuries

M. E. Bratchel

in Medieval Lucca: And the Evolution of the Renaissance State

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199542901
eISBN:
9780191715655
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542901.003.0003
Subject:
History, British and Irish Modern History

This chapter considers and explains the precociousness of the political and administrative structures of the Lucchese state. From a very early period the Sei Miglia (the plain immediately around the ... More


Agricultural Producer Co‐Operatives

Louis Putterman

in The Economic Theory of Agrarian Institutions

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198287629
eISBN:
9780191595912
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198287623.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Addresses the issues of work incentives under agricultural producer cooperatives, decision on the membership size, and the process of voluntary choice of this institutional form by potential ... More


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