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The Standard Conception of Composition

Kathrin Koslicki

in The Structure of Objects

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199539895
eISBN:
9780191716300
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199539895.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology, Ancient Philosophy

This chapter is devoted to an exposition of the main concepts and principles of standard mereology, the system originally developed by Stanislaw Leśniewski and introduced into the English-speaking ... More


Physical-Object Ontology, Verbal Disputes, and Common Sense

Eli Hirsch

in Quantifier Variance and Realism: Essays in Metaontology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199732111
eISBN:
9780190267506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199732111.003.0009
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter offers a defense of common-sense ontology, by proposing that the usual disputes regarding the ontology of physical objects are verbal. Physical-object ontology has seen a number of ... More


Against Revisionary Ontology

Eli Hirsch

in Quantifier Variance and Realism: Essays in Metaontology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199732111
eISBN:
9780190267506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199732111.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter argues against revisionism as a viable philosophic discipline, on the grounds that its arguments are fallacious due to two factors: conflicts of charity and constraints beyond charity. ... More


Ontology and Alternative Languages

Eli Hirsch

in Quantifier Variance and Realism: Essays in Metaontology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199732111
eISBN:
9780190267506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199732111.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses the ontology of Rudolph Carnap, which states that all ontological issues amount to nothing more than choosing one language or another—a position the author cannot entirely ... More


Ontological Arguments: Interpretive Charity and Quantifier Variance

Eli Hirsch

in Quantifier Variance and Realism: Essays in Metaontology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199732111
eISBN:
9780190267506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199732111.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses the advantages of common-sense ontology over other systems, by presupposing that quantifier expressions can have different meanings in different languages. Philosophy is rife ... More


Sosa’s Existential Relativism

Eli Hirsch

in Quantifier Variance and Realism: Essays in Metaontology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199732111
eISBN:
9780190267506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199732111.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses Ernest Sosa's existential relativism. Existential relativism is a set of many alternative schemes in which one can consider that “something” is coming into existence. Sosa ... More


Objectivity Without Objects

Eli Hirsch

in Quantifier Variance and Realism: Essays in Metaontology

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199732111
eISBN:
9780190267506
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199732111.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

This chapter discusses the common-sense ontology and conceptual relativism of Hilary Putnam in language, by pointing out that one can imagine and understand languages whose words do not refer to ... More


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