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Regulating Services in the European Union

Vassilis Hatzopoulos

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199572663
eISBN:
9780191738067
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199572663.001.0001
Subject:
Law, EU Law

Across the EU services are the cornerstone of the modern economy, accounting for over 70% of national GDPs and over 90% of new jobs created. Fostering trade in services has, accordingly, become ... More


Concepts of Poverty

Amartya Sen

in Poverty and Famines: An Essay on Entitlement and Deprivation

Published in print:
1983
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198284635
eISBN:
9780191596902
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198284632.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Problems in the conceptualization and measurement of poverty are discussed. Two requirements are identified as (1) a method of identifying a group of people as poor (identification), and (2) a method ... More


How Common Standards and Standardized Testing Widen the Opportunity Gap

Christopher H. Tienken and Yong Zhao

in Closing the Opportunity Gap: What America Must Do to Give Every Child an Even Chance

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199982981
eISBN:
9780199346219
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199982981.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Education

Christopher Tienken and Yong Zhao describe how current policies exacerbate the educational conditions that afflict vulnerable children and consequently widen the educational opportunity gap. The ... More


Towards Uniformity of Rights: Muslim Personal Law, the Domestic Violence Act, and the Harmonization of Family Law in India

Saptarshi Mandal

in Conflict in the Shared Household: Domestic Violence and the Law in India

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
August 2019
ISBN:
9780199489954
eISBN:
9780199095674
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199489954.003.0007
Subject:
Law, Family Law

The chapter locates the PWDVA in the context of India’s multiple, religion-specific personal laws. It underlies three factors that allow PWDVA to establish common standards governing family life, ... More


School Accountability

Harry Brighouse, Helen F. Ladd, Susanna Loeb, and Adam Swift

in Educational Goods: Values, Evidence, and Decision-Making

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9780226514031
eISBN:
9780226514208
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226514208.003.0007
Subject:
Education, Educational Policy and Politics

This chapter explores controversies about school accountability in the light of the values elaborated earlier in the book. It focuses on two questions: Should they impose some form of administrative ... More


High-Stakes Testing: Performance-Driven Accountability Policies and Achievement Outcomes

Jaekyung Lee

in The Anatomy of Achievement Gaps: Why and How American Education is Losing (but can still Win) the War on Underachievement

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
December 2015
ISBN:
9780190217648
eISBN:
9780190457921
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190217648.003.0007
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter addresses the question of high-stakes testing policy and accountability. How effective are performance-driven educational policies under the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act? What ... More


Ten Reasons for Adopting a Universal Concept of Participation in Atrocity

James G. Stewart

in Pluralism in International Criminal Law

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780198703198
eISBN:
9780191772498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198703198.003.0013
Subject:
Law, Public International Law, Criminal Law and Criminology

The legal mechanisms that link individual agency to atrocity are numerous, difficult to identify, perpetually changing, and not infrequently conceptually questionable. This chapter argues that ... More


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