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Ethics and Common Sense

MARCUS GEORGE SINGER

in The Ideal of a Rational Morality: Philosophical Compositions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250210
eISBN:
9780191681264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250210.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores the relations between ethics and common sense. It argues that (1) common sense is essential to ethics, but not sufficient for it; ... More


Individual Responsibility in a Global Age *

Samuel Scheffler

in Boundaries and Allegiances: Problems of Justice and Responsibility in Liberal Thought

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257676
eISBN:
9780191600197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257671.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

By attaching significance to the distinction between doing and failing to prevent and by recognizing special obligations to family members and others, common‐sense morality limits the size of an ... More


First Principles and Common‐Sense Morality in Sidgwick's Ethics

J. B. Schneewind

in Essays on the History of Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563012
eISBN:
9780191721731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563012.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Sidgwick argues that common sense morality is not a repository of intuitively evident moral principles, as some of his contemporaries thought. Common sense rules cannot provide conclusive reasons for ... More


Families, Nations, and Strangers *

Samuel Scheffler

in Boundaries and Allegiances: Problems of Justice and Responsibility in Liberal Thought

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257676
eISBN:
9780191600197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257671.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Scheffler's main aim in this essay is to explore the nature of ‘associative duties’—the special duties that participants in close personal relationships and members of significant social groups are ... More


Conclusion

Alison Hills

in The Beloved Self: Morality and the Challenge from Egoism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199213306
eISBN:
9780191594212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213306.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Common sense morality is in a better epistemic position than Egoism, for those who accept common sense morality can modestly vindicate it – they can defend it to their own satisfaction – whereas most ... More


Human Nature and Common-Sense Morality

Ingmar Persson and Julian Savulescu

in Unfit for the Future: The Need for Moral Enhancement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653645
eISBN:
9780191742033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653645.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter reviews relevant aspects of human psychology and common-sense morality. The fact that it is easier for us to harm than to benefit is reflected in so-called loss aversion; that our ... More


The Limits of Morality

Shelly Kagan

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239161
eISBN:
9780191597848
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239165.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book is a sustained attack on two of the most fundamental features of ‘ordinary morality’, the common‐sense moral view that most of us accept. According to this view, morality involves two ... More


The Examination of Common‐Sense Morality

J. B. Schneewind

in Sidgwick's Ethics and Victorian Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198249313
eISBN:
9780191598357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198249314.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Two discussions on common sense morality in Book III of Sidgwick’s The Methods of Ethics are examined. These chapters are among the most valuable of Sidgwick’s contributions to ethics given their ... More


Virtue Ethics, Utilitarianism, and Symmetry

Michael Slote

in How Should One Live?: Essays on the Virtues

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198752349
eISBN:
9780191597251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198752342.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Unlike Kantian and common‐sense morality, both utilitarianism and our common‐sense thinking about the virtues place ultimate normative weight on benefiting both oneself and others. But for ... More


Conceptions of Cosmopolitanism *

Samuel Scheffler

in Boundaries and Allegiances: Problems of Justice and Responsibility in Liberal Thought

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257676
eISBN:
9780191600197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257671.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Distinguishes between cosmopolitanism about justice and cosmopolitanism about culture, identifying moderate and extreme forms of each of the two views. The extreme versions of cosmopolitanism, ... More


Cordelia’s bond and indirect consequentialism

Nick Zangwill

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 1

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693269
eISBN:
9780191732058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693269.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This paper argues that theorists who want to respect common sense morality must respect not just verdicts but also grounds for verdicts. Just as theories that baldly deny that there is any value in ... More


The Virtues

Roger Crisp

in The Cosmos of Duty: Henry Sidgwick's Methods of Ethics

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780198716358
eISBN:
9780191785047
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198716358.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter covers Sidgwick’s long discussion of the individual virtues that he saw as most central in common-sense morality. He is charged with distorting wisdom into a form of self-control, and ... More


Introduction

Ingmar Persson

in From Morality to the End of Reason: An Essay on Rights, Reasons, and Responsibility

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199676552
eISBN:
9780191755811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676552.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The Introduction surveys the argument of the book which is an exercise in moral revisionism. Common-sense morality features the act-omission doctrine which is analyzed as consisting in a theory of ... More


From Morality to the End of Reason: An Essay on Rights, Reasons, and Responsibility

Ingmar Persson

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199676552
eISBN:
9780191755811
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676552.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Common-sense morality is asymmetrical in that it features the act-omission doctrine according to which there are stronger reasons against performing some harmful actions than in favour of performing ... More


The Transition to Utilitarianism

J. B. Schneewind

in Sidgwick's Ethics and Victorian Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198249313
eISBN:
9780191598357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198249314.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

The transition from unexamined, unsystematized, positive moral opinion towards a fully examined rational morality begins with a critique of common sense morality. The second step in the transition is ... More


Conclusion

Ingmar Persson

in From Morality to the End of Reason: An Essay on Rights, Reasons, and Responsibility

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199676552
eISBN:
9780191755811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676552.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The Conclusion summarizes the moral revision that the book has argued for. Common-sense morality features the act-omission doctrine which was traced to a theory of negative rights and a conception of ... More


Agreements

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume II: Rights, Duties, and Status

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144024
eISBN:
9780199870998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144023.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

If it is in one way in people's interest that there be constraints on killing (because it gives them a more sublime and elevated status), is it still possible for them to agree ex ante to alienate ... More


Agnosticism, the Moral Skepticism Objection, and Commonsense Morality

Daniel Howard-Snyder

in Skeptical Theism: New Essays

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
August 2014
ISBN:
9780199661183
eISBN:
9780191785566
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199661183.003.0021
Subject:
Religion, Religious Studies, Philosophy of Religion

According to Agnosticism with a capital A, even if one doesn’t see how any known reason would justify God in permitting all the evil in the world and even if one lacks warrant for theism, one should ... More


Towards a Unified Theory

Derek Parfit

in On What Matters: Volume Three

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198778608
eISBN:
9780191853487
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198778608.003.0023
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter builds towards a wider theory combining a version of common sense morality with a particular rule consequentialist justification. It asks whether the most plausible principles of common ... More


Practical Dilemmas

Derek Parfit

in Reasons and Persons

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198249085
eISBN:
9780191598173
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/019824908X.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, General

Explains why C cannot be directly self‐defeating. Theories are agent‐relative if they give different agents different aims. Two such theories are S and Common Sense Morality, or M. It is often true ... More


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