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Justice and Coercion

Terry Nardin

in International Society and its Critics

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
January 2005
ISBN:
9780199265206
eISBN:
9780191601866
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199265208.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The problems caused by the US‐led response to terrorism addressed in Ch. 13 are looked at in more detail in the last two chapters, with the author offering here a novel reformulation of ‘justice’ as ... More


 Principlism

Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver, and K. Danner Clouser

in Bioethics: A systematic approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159066
eISBN:
9780199786466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159063.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter compares an account of common morality with the account of morality presented by Beauchamp and Childress in their book, The Principles of Biomedical Ethics. It offers a general critique ... More


 Paternalism and Its Justification

Bernard Gert, Charles M. Culver, and K. Danner Clouser

in Bioethics: A systematic approach

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780195159066
eISBN:
9780199786466
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195159063.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter discusses the four features of paternalism: (1) benefits the patient, (2) needs moral justification, (3) does not have patient’s consent, and (4) the patient believes he can make his own ... More


Ethics and Common Sense

MARCUS GEORGE SINGER

in The Ideal of a Rational Morality: Philosophical Compositions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250210
eISBN:
9780191681264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250210.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores the relations between ethics and common sense. It argues that (1) common sense is essential to ethics, but not sufficient for it; ... More


Conclusion

Alison Hills

in The Beloved Self: Morality and the Challenge from Egoism

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199213306
eISBN:
9780191594212
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199213306.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Metaphysics/Epistemology

Common sense morality is in a better epistemic position than Egoism, for those who accept common sense morality can modestly vindicate it – they can defend it to their own satisfaction – whereas most ... More


Individual Responsibility in a Global Age *

Samuel Scheffler

in Boundaries and Allegiances: Problems of Justice and Responsibility in Liberal Thought

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257676
eISBN:
9780191600197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257671.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

By attaching significance to the distinction between doing and failing to prevent and by recognizing special obligations to family members and others, common‐sense morality limits the size of an ... More


Families, Nations, and Strangers *

Samuel Scheffler

in Boundaries and Allegiances: Problems of Justice and Responsibility in Liberal Thought

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257676
eISBN:
9780191600197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257671.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Scheffler's main aim in this essay is to explore the nature of ‘associative duties’—the special duties that participants in close personal relationships and members of significant social groups are ... More


The Limits of Morality

Shelly Kagan

Published in print:
1991
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198239161
eISBN:
9780191597848
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198239165.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This book is a sustained attack on two of the most fundamental features of ‘ordinary morality’, the common‐sense moral view that most of us accept. According to this view, morality involves two ... More


First Principles and Common‐Sense Morality in Sidgwick's Ethics

J. B. Schneewind

in Essays on the History of Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199563012
eISBN:
9780191721731
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199563012.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Sidgwick argues that common sense morality is not a repository of intuitively evident moral principles, as some of his contemporaries thought. Common sense rules cannot provide conclusive reasons for ... More


The Nature of Intuitive-Level System (ILS) Rules

Gary E. Varner

in Personhood, Ethics, and Animal Cognition: Situating Animals in Hare’s Two Level Utilitarianism

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199758784
eISBN:
9780199949465
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199758784.003.0003
Subject:
Philosophy, General, Moral Philosophy

Hare argues that good utilitarian reasons can be given for not thinking like utilitarians in most normal situations, where several different kinds of rules should be adhered to. This chapter focuses ... More


Human Nature and Common-Sense Morality

Ingmar Persson and Julian Savulescu

in Unfit for the Future: The Need for Moral Enhancement

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199653645
eISBN:
9780191742033
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199653645.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This chapter reviews relevant aspects of human psychology and common-sense morality. The fact that it is easier for us to harm than to benefit is reflected in so-called loss aversion; that our ... More


Conceptions of Cosmopolitanism *

Samuel Scheffler

in Boundaries and Allegiances: Problems of Justice and Responsibility in Liberal Thought

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780199257676
eISBN:
9780191600197
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257671.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

Distinguishes between cosmopolitanism about justice and cosmopolitanism about culture, identifying moderate and extreme forms of each of the two views. The extreme versions of cosmopolitanism, ... More


The Examination of Common‐Sense Morality

J. B. Schneewind

in Sidgwick's Ethics and Victorian Moral Philosophy

Published in print:
1986
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198249313
eISBN:
9780191598357
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198249314.003.0010
Subject:
Philosophy, History of Philosophy

Two discussions on common sense morality in Book III of Sidgwick’s The Methods of Ethics are examined. These chapters are among the most valuable of Sidgwick’s contributions to ethics given their ... More


Virtue Ethics, Utilitarianism, and Symmetry

Michael Slote

in How Should One Live?: Essays on the Virtues

Published in print:
1998
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198752349
eISBN:
9780191597251
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198752342.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Unlike Kantian and common‐sense morality, both utilitarianism and our common‐sense thinking about the virtues place ultimate normative weight on benefiting both oneself and others. But for ... More


Conclusions: The Need for Change

Simona Giordano

in Understanding Eating Disorders: Conceptual and Ethical Issues in the Treatment of Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
February 2006
ISBN:
9780199269747
eISBN:
9780191603129
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199269742.003.0015
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This conclusive chapter summarises the content of each chapter. It argues that helping people with eating disorders means questioning ordinary moral values and beliefs. The focus should shift from ... More


Cordelia’s bond and indirect consequentialism

Nick Zangwill

in Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics, Volume 1

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693269
eISBN:
9780191732058
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693269.003.0007
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy, Political Philosophy

This paper argues that theorists who want to respect common sense morality must respect not just verdicts but also grounds for verdicts. Just as theories that baldly deny that there is any value in ... More


A Common Morality for Hedgehogs: Bernard Gert’s Method

John D. Arras, James Childress, and Matthew Adams

in Methods in Bioethics: The Way We Reason Now

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
August 2017
ISBN:
9780190665982
eISBN:
9780190666019
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190665982.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter is an exposition and assessment of Bernard Gert’s arguments for a conception of common morality as the keystone of ethics. It begins by outlining the moral rules, ideals, and decision ... More


From Morality to the End of Reason: An Essay on Rights, Reasons, and Responsibility

Ingmar Persson

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199676552
eISBN:
9780191755811
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676552.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Common-sense morality is asymmetrical in that it features the act-omission doctrine according to which there are stronger reasons against performing some harmful actions than in favour of performing ... More


Introduction

Ingmar Persson

in From Morality to the End of Reason: An Essay on Rights, Reasons, and Responsibility

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780199676552
eISBN:
9780191755811
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199676552.003.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

The Introduction surveys the argument of the book which is an exercise in moral revisionism. Common-sense morality features the act-omission doctrine which is analyzed as consisting in a theory of ... More


Agreements

F. M. Kamm

in Morality, Mortality Volume II: Rights, Duties, and Status

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195144024
eISBN:
9780199870998
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195144023.003.0012
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

If it is in one way in people's interest that there be constraints on killing (because it gives them a more sublime and elevated status), is it still possible for them to agree ex ante to alienate ... More


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