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Nationhood

George P. Fletcher

in Our Secret Constitution: How Lincoln Redefined American Democracy

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780195156287
eISBN:
9780199872169
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0195156285.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, American Politics

This chapter examines the history of America's commitment to the idea of nationhood as the ideological basis for subsequent developments in equality and popular democracy. The lives and work of ... More


Language Law of the European Union: Protecting or Eroding Linguistic Diversity?

Bruno de Witte

in Culture and European Union Law

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199275472
eISBN:
9780191699825
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199275472.003.0007
Subject:
Law, EU Law

Adopting a common currency among Member States of the European Union instead of using those countries' national currencies has paved the way for economic benefits and reinforced political cohesion ... More


Cultural Integration and Export Variety Overlap across Countries

Peter H. Egger and Andrea Lassmann

in The Economics of Language Policy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034708
eISBN:
9780262335980
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034708.003.0012
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter assesses the role of a larger degree of common language use between the populations of two countries on the so-called extensive product margin of trade. We focus on the overlap of ... More


Common Rhetoric: Planting Figures of Speech in the English Shire

Jenny C. Mann

in Outlaw Rhetoric: Figuring Vernacular Eloquence in Shakespeare's England

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801449659
eISBN:
9780801464102
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801449659.003.0002
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare Studies

This chapter examines the rhetorical operations whereby the vernacular language and the island of England become figures for one another, with particular emphasis on the spatialization of discourse ... More


Idols of the Market

Christopher Hutton

in Language, Meaning and the Law

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780748633500
eISBN:
9780748671489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748633500.003.0008
Subject:
Linguistics, Applied Linguistics and Pedagogy

This chapter looks at ideas of commodification and circulation, focusing on trademark law. A trademark is a distinctive sign which associates a product or service with the business that produces it. ... More


Methodological Preliminaries

Jody Azzouni

in Semantic Perception: How the Illusion of a Common Language Arises and Persists

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199967407
eISBN:
9780199346066
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199967407.003.0002
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Language

This chapter provides methodological preliminaries. In the first section, it describes how we fumble over type-token distinctions, and it indicates how this will be evidence for aspects of how we ... More


Language

Florian Cramer

in Software Studies: A Lexicon

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262062749
eISBN:
9780262273343
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262062749.003.0023
Subject:
Society and Culture, Media Studies

This chapter describes the detailed relationship software and language; it states that software processes the natural language and constructs in programming languages. The chapter explores the ... More


Imagining Identity/Seeing Difference: Demetria Martínez's Mother Tongue

Marta Caminero-Santangelo

in On Latinidad: U.S. Latino Literature and the Construction of Ethnicity

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9780813030838
eISBN:
9780813039213
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813030838.003.0008
Subject:
Literature, World Literature

This chapter discusses the novel Mother Tongue, which was written by Demetria Martinez. It looks at how the novel tropes on the primordial category of a common language as a cultural unifier in order ... More


Common Language

Michel Balinski and Rida Laraki

in Majority Judgment: Measuring, Ranking, and Electing

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015134
eISBN:
9780262295604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015134.003.0008
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter discusses the common languages of grading used by judges in wine, figure skating, diving, and other competitions, and their connections with scales and levels of measurement of ... More


Common Language: Voting

Michel Balinski and Rida Laraki

in Majority Judgment: Measuring, Ranking, and Electing

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015134
eISBN:
9780262295604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015134.003.0015
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter focuses on the importance of a simplified common language with clear cultural meanings for grading political candidates. Voters using majority judgment are better at expressing their ... More


The Making of Angelcynn: English Identity Before the Norman Conquest1

Sarah Foot (ed.)

in Old English Literature: Critical Essays

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
October 2013
ISBN:
9780300091397
eISBN:
9780300129113
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300091397.003.0003
Subject:
Literature, Anglo-Saxon / Old English Literature

This chapter examines the role of Alfred the Great, king of the West-Saxons, in the forging of a national identity around the concept of a specifically “English” nation. It explains that Alfred's ... More


Makoto: An Essay on True Words (Makoto)

Fujitani Mitsue

in Japan's Frames of Meaning: A Hermeneutics Reader

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824834609
eISBN:
9780824870546
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824834609.003.0004
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter presents a discourse on the way of poetry (kado). It argues that the action that succeeds in not coming out as a prejudiced action is the action of a person who follows the way of ... More


A Summing Up

Michel Balinski and Rida Laraki

in Majority Judgment: Measuring, Ranking, and Electing

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015134
eISBN:
9780262295604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015134.003.0022
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This book has presented several traditional and new methods of social choice theory, providing solutions to the problems of how to elect, judge, or rank. Four major arguments, including human ... More


Galen

Daniel King

in Experiencing Pain in Imperial Greek Culture

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198810513
eISBN:
9780191847776
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198810513.003.0004
Subject:
Classical Studies, European History: BCE to 500CE, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

Galen develops a robustly aetiological approach to diagnosis and therapy which centres on the differentiation of pain perceptions throughout the body. He develops a specific definition of pain as the ... More


New Model

Michel Balinski and Rida Laraki

in Majority Judgment: Measuring, Ranking, and Electing

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015134
eISBN:
9780262295604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015134.003.0009
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter presents a new basic model, which consists of a common language of evaluation, a set of judges, and a set of competitors. It expresses the problem of what to do with judges’ scores and ... More


The Ideology of Hyōjungo

Lee Yeounsuk

in The Ideology of Kokugo: Nationalizing Language in Modern Japan

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
November 2016
ISBN:
9780824833053
eISBN:
9780824870553
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Hawai'i Press
DOI:
10.21313/hawaii/9780824833053.003.0010
Subject:
Society and Culture, Asian Studies

This chapter outlines the concept of “standard Japanese” (hyōjungo). The term hyōjungo carries a special emotional connotation, as it implies a crusade against dialect. Academic discussions about ... More


Flying Upwind: Toward a New Southern Solidarity

Angela Stuesse

in Scratching Out a Living: "Latinos, Race, and Work in the Deep South"

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780520287204
eISBN:
9780520962392
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520287204.003.0010
Subject:
Anthropology, Latin American Cultural Anthropology

This chapter highlights the Solidarity/Solidaridad project—twenty 2-hour Spanish and workers' rights classes and four half-day workshops—which aimed to create a common language and points of ... More


The Hidden English Diaspora in Nineteenth-Century America

William E. Van Vugt

in Locating the English Diaspora, 1500-2010

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
June 2013
ISBN:
9781846318191
eISBN:
9781846317712
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Liverpool University Press
DOI:
10.5949/UPO9781846317712.005
Subject:
History, Economic History

This chapter examines the ‘hidden’ English Diaspora in America in the nineteenth century. It explains that close to 10 million English people settled in America during this period and discusses the ... More


Large Electorates

Michel Balinski and Rida Laraki

in Majority Judgment: Measuring, Ranking, and Electing

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015134
eISBN:
9780262295604
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015134.003.0014
Subject:
Political Science, Political Theory

This chapter emphasizes the simplification of majority-ranking, stating that an increased number of judges in the jury or voters in an electorate or use of simplified common language help to simplify ... More


End Notes: Reflections of a Public Artist: A Call to Inquiry and Action

David G. Blumenkrantz

in Coming of Age the RITE Way: Youth and Community Development through Rites of Passage

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780190297336
eISBN:
9780190297367
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190297336.003.0012
Subject:
Social Work, Communities and Organizations

This chapter expands on what we would be doing when institutions that mattered in the lives of children were considered to be places of initiation and rites of passage. It brings together almost ... More


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