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Social Capital and Collective Action in Environmental Governance Revisited

Hiroe Ishihara and Unai Pascual

in Global Environmental Commons: Analytical and Political Challenges in Building Governance Mechanisms

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
September 2012
ISBN:
9780199656202
eISBN:
9780191742149
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199656202.003.0009
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Since the 1990s, a growing number of authors have argued that social capital has positive effects in facilitating coordination among different stakeholders by lowering the transaction cost and thus ... More


Introduction

Michael Suk-Young Chwe

in Rational Ritual: Culture, Coordination, and Common Knowledge

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158280
eISBN:
9781400846436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158280.003.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This introductory chapter first sets out the book's main goal, which is to show that the concept of common knowledge has broad explanatory power; that common knowledge generation is an essential part ... More


Memory and Group Problem Solving

Patrick R. Laughlin

in Group Problem Solving

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147918
eISBN:
9781400836673
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147918.003.0003
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter explores research on group memory, which is important in itself and is also frequently a necessary preliminary process for further group problem solving. Research on group recognition ... More


Common Knowledge

James Bergin

in Microeconomic Theory: A Concise Course

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
July 2005
ISBN:
9780199280292
eISBN:
9780191602498
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199280290.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Microeconomics

Introduces common knowledge is introduced. The definition of common knowledge is given. Convergence of beliefs under iterative announcement is discussed, and the implications of common knowledge of ... More


Rational Ritual: Culture, Coordination, and Common Knowledge

Michael Suk-Young Chwe

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158280
eISBN:
9781400846436
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158280.001.0001
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

Why do Internet, financial service, and beer commercials dominate Super Bowl advertising? How do political ceremonies establish authority? Why does repetition characterize anthems and ritual speech? ... More


Applications

Michael Suk-Young Chwe

in Rational Ritual: Culture, Coordination, and Common Knowledge

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158280
eISBN:
9781400846436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158280.003.0002
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter begins by considering the question of how cultural practices such as rituals and ceremonies constitute power. It then discusses how rituals work; generating common knowledge through eye ... More


Common Knowledge and Nash Equilibrium

Herbert Gintis

in The Bounds of Reason: Game Theory and the Unification of the Behavioral Sciences

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160849
eISBN:
9781400851348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160849.003.0009
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter applies the modal logic of knowledge developed in earlier chapters to explore sufficient conditions for a Nash equilibrium in two-player games. It expands the modal logic of knowledge to ... More


Meeting at Penn Station: Coordination Problems and Cooperation

Lee Cronk and Beth L. Leech

in Meeting at Grand Central: Understanding the Social and Evolutionary Roots of Cooperation

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691154954
eISBN:
9781400845484
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691154954.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Comparative and Historical Sociology

This chapter discusses coordination problems in relation to cooperation. Coordination problems are essentially problems of information: although people would benefit from coordinating their ... More


Elaborations

Michael Suk-Young Chwe

in Rational Ritual: Culture, Coordination, and Common Knowledge

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158280
eISBN:
9781400846436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158280.003.0003
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This chapter begins by describing two competing kinds of explanations to the one offered in the preceding chapter. The first is the way in which rituals are thought to influence behavior through ... More


Conclusion

Michael Suk-Young Chwe

in Rational Ritual: Culture, Coordination, and Common Knowledge

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691158280
eISBN:
9781400846436
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691158280.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Social Theory

This concluding chapter summarizes key themes. The book has attempted to show that the distinction between rationality and irrationality in the Western tradition cannot be easily maintained. It ... More


Ethics and Common Sense

MARCUS GEORGE SINGER

in The Ideal of a Rational Morality: Philosophical Compositions

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198250210
eISBN:
9780191681264
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198250210.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores the relations between ethics and common sense. It argues that (1) common sense is essential to ethics, but not sufficient for it; ... More


Rationalizability and Common Knowledge of Rationality

Herbert Gintis

in The Bounds of Reason: Game Theory and the Unification of the Behavioral Sciences

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160849
eISBN:
9781400851348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160849.003.0004
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter deals with the implications of rationality in normal form games. It first explores the ramifications of the rationalizability assumption and shows that in many cases rational individuals ... More


Bayesian Rationality and Social Epistemology

Herbert Gintis

in The Bounds of Reason: Game Theory and the Unification of the Behavioral Sciences

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160849
eISBN:
9781400851348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160849.003.0008
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

This chapter uses epistemic game theory to expand on the notion of social norms as choreographer of a correlated equilibrium, and to elucidate the socio-psychological prerequisites for the notion ... More


No‐Trade Theorems, Competitive Asset Pricing, and Bubbles

Markus K. Brunnermeier

in Asset Pricing under Asymmetric Information: Bubbles, Crashes, Technical Analysis, and Herding

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296980
eISBN:
9780191596025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296983.003.0002
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Ch. 2 first exposes the reader to a more tractable notion of common knowledge and the intuition behind proofs of the different no‐trade theorems. The no‐trade theorems state the specific conditions ... More


Games of Strategy

Paul Weirich

in Collective Rationality: Equilibrium in Cooperative Games

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780195388381
eISBN:
9780199866700
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195388381.003.0005
Subject:
Philosophy, Logic/Philosophy of Mathematics

A solution to a game of strategy assigns a strategy to each player so that the players' combination of strategies is a jointly rational act of the players. Principles governing solutions to games ... More


Information, Equilibrium, and Efficiency Concepts

Markus K. Brunnermeier

in Asset Pricing under Asymmetric Information: Bubbles, Crashes, Technical Analysis, and Herding

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198296980
eISBN:
9780191596025
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198296983.003.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Financial Economics

Ch. 1 shows the reader how to model asymmetric information and knowledge in theoretical economics. It also introduces the concept of higher‐order knowledge. For the analysis of bubbles it is ... More


The Logical Antinomies of Knowledge

Herbert Gintis

in The Bounds of Reason: Game Theory and the Unification of the Behavioral Sciences

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160849
eISBN:
9781400851348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160849.003.0006
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

The critique of common knowledge of rationality (CKR) developed in the preceding chapters should convince researchers interested in explaining social reality to simply avoid the concept. The actual ... More


Game Theory: The Next Stage

Eric van Damme

in Economics Beyond the Millennium

Published in print:
1999
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198292111
eISBN:
9780191596537
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198292112.003.0012
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Microeconomics

Eric van Damme outlines the different perspectives on game theory and emphasizes the practical limits of theory based on completely rational individuals. He argues that we will inevitably be forced ... More


Extensive Form Rationalizability

Herbert Gintis

in The Bounds of Reason: Game Theory and the Unification of the Behavioral Sciences

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691160849
eISBN:
9781400851348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691160849.003.0005
Subject:
Sociology, Economic Sociology

The extensive form of a game is informationally richer than the normal form since players gather information that allows them to update their subjective priors as the game progresses. For this ... More


Joint Attention: Its Nature, Reflexivity, and Relation to Common Knowledg e

Christopher Peacocke

in Joint Attention: Communication and Other Minds: Issues in Philosophy and Psychology

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199245635
eISBN:
9780191715303
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245635.003.0014
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind

The openness of joint awareness between two or more subjects is a perceptual phenomenon. It involves a certain mutual awareness between the subjects, an awareness that makes reference to that very ... More


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