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Finding Our Roots: Did “Eve” Know “Adam”?

Norman A. Johnson

in Darwinian Detectives: Revealing the Natural History of Genes and Genomes

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780195306750
eISBN:
9780199790203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195306750.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

Unlike most of our genes, mitochondrial DNA is transmitted solely by mothers; males are a dead-end for the mitochondria. Evolutionary biologists have determined that the most recent common ancestor ... More


Reconstruction of ancestral proteomes

Toni Gabaldón and Martijn A. Huynen

in Ancestral Sequence Reconstruction

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199299188
eISBN:
9780191714979
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299188.003.0012
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

The process of inferring the set of proteins that was likely encoded in the genome of an extinct organism is called Ancestral Proteome Reconstruction. This process usually involves the comparison of ... More


Introduction: What This Book Aims to Do and What It Is Not

Günter P. Wagner

in Homology, Genes, and Evolutionary Innovation

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691156460
eISBN:
9781400851461
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691156460.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This book examines homology, the correspondence of characters from different species or even within the same organism, from a mechanistic perspective. Homology is explained by derivation from a ... More


The Universal Tree of Life: Where to Place Microbes from Hell and Their Viruses?

Patrick Forterre

in Microbes from Hell

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780226265827
eISBN:
9780226265964
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226265964.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Microbiology

This chapter starts with a vivid description of the Crafoord prize 2003 ceremony in Stockholm when Carl Woese was honoured. The experiments that led to his discovery of archaea are described, with ... More


Human cognitive evolution

Richard W Byrne

in The Descent of Mind: Psychological Perspectives on Hominid Evolution

Published in print:
2000
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780192632593
eISBN:
9780191670497
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192632593.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

This chapter examines the current evidence of intellectual skills in non-human primates for what their distribution across species shows about the evolutionary history of cognition. At the same time, ... More


The Deep Roots of Cellular Life: The Common Ancestry of Living Things

Franklin M. Harold

in In Search of Cell History: The Evolution of Life's Building Blocks

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780226174143
eISBN:
9780226174310
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226174310.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Biochemistry / Molecular Biology

The hypothesis that all living things share a common ancestry was already part of Darwin's thinking. It crystallized in the 20th century and became solidly established with the recognition that ... More


The origin of vision

Michael F. Land and Dan-Eric Nilsson

in Animal Eyes

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199581139
eISBN:
9780191774652
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199581139.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

Most of the types of eye that we recognize today arose in a brief period during the Cambrian, about 530 million years ago. The development of better eyes coincided with increases in size, speed, and ... More


Evolutionary Depth of Human Brain Language Areas

Patrick J. Gannon

in The Two Halves of the Brain: Information Processing in the Cerebral Hemispheres

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262014137
eISBN:
9780262265942
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262014137.003.0037
Subject:
Neuroscience, Research and Theory

This chapter compares indicators of human language areas to nonhuman primates. It analyzes the evolutionary origin of language and any signs of asymmetry in language areas, such as the leftward ... More


Evolution and diversity

John D. Altringham

in Bats: From Evolution to Conservation

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2015
ISBN:
9780199207114
eISBN:
9780191810015
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780199207114.003.0001
Subject:
Biology, Animal Biology

This chapter discusses the biological evolution and diversity of bats. It examines various bat fossils in determining the origin of bats, and briefly compares the physical characteristics of current ... More


Alarmones

Antonio Lazcano, Arturo Becerra, and Luis Delaye

in Chimeras and Consciousness: Evolution of the Sensory Self

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
August 2013
ISBN:
9780262015394
eISBN:
9780262312462
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262015394.003.0004
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter addresses the significance of alarmones, analogous to plant and animal hormones. It considers the remarkable conservation of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), a social hormone ... More


The Origin of Biological Information

Leslie E. Orgel

in Life's Origin: The Beginnings of Biological Evolution

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520233904
eISBN:
9780520928701
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520233904.003.0006
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

There is overwhelming evidence that all contemporary living organisms are descended from a Last Common Ancestor (LCA). The LCA lived on Earth at least as early as 3,500 million years ago and employed ... More


Acoustically mediated emotional contagion as an across-species homology underlying music processing

Thomas Fritz and Stefan Koelsch

in Evolution of Emotional Communication: From Sounds in Nonhuman Mammals to Speech and Music in Man

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199583560
eISBN:
9780191747489
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583560.003.0018
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology

An understanding about the biological roots of music may be vital to the study of human evolution. Here we first review ideas on drumming and song as homologous traits of the human capacity for ... More


Carbon and oxygen

Tim Lenton and Andrew Watson

in Revolutions that made the Earth

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
December 2013
ISBN:
9780199587049
eISBN:
9780191775031
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199587049.003.0002
Subject:
Physics, Geophysics, Atmospheric and Environmental Physics

This chapter goes back 2.7 billion years to touch upon a time when all the animals on Earth evolve from their common ancestor. With the evolution and spread of the cyanobacteria comes an Earth system ... More


The Importance of Raffia Palm Wine to Coexisting Humans and Chimpanzees

Kimberley J. Hockings, Miho Ito, and Gen Yamakoshi

in Alcohol and Humans: A Long and Social Affair

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198842460
eISBN:
9780191878442
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198842460.003.0004
Subject:
Psychology, Developmental Psychology

Local Manon people and wild chimpanzees coexist at Bossou in Guinea, West Africa, and overlap in their use of many resources. Wine from the raffia palm (Raphia hookeri, Arecaceae) is widely consumed ... More


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