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Implications for State Formation and Development

David Stasavage

in States of Credit: Size, Power, and the Development of European Polities

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691140575
eISBN:
9781400838875
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691140575.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This concluding chapter recaps on what the book has investigated: the development of a representative form of government and the establishment of a system of public credit in Europe. It has also ... More


Better Now Than Later: The Paradox of 1914 as Everyone’s Favored Year for War

Jack Snyder

in The Next Great War?: The Roots of World War I and the Risk of U.S.-China Conflict

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780262028998
eISBN:
9780262326773
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262028998.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

Logically it cannot have been true that each Power benefited from fighting in 1914. Yet, each reached this conclusion in August of that year. Germany and Austria saw the rise of Russian power as ... More


Explanations for Limited and Unlimited Wars

Alex Weisiger

in Logics of War: Explanations for Limited and Unlimited Conflicts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451867
eISBN:
9780801468179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451867.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter presents theoretical arguments about the determinants of war duration and severity. It begins with a summary of the bargaining model of war. It then moves on to explain both unlimited ... More


Costs and Commitments

Kim Sterelny

in The Evolved Apprentice: How Evolution Made Humans Unique

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780262016797
eISBN:
9780262302814
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262016797.003.0005
Subject:
Biology, Evolutionary Biology / Genetics

This chapter and the next take on the task of explaining the stability of cooperation in the face of potential erosion by free riders and bullies. The argument of the chapter agrees with the common ... More


Enforcing Peace Agreements in Fragile States through Commitment Technologies

S. Mansoob Murshed and Philip Verwimp

in Fragile States: Causes, Costs, and Responses

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199693153
eISBN:
9780191731990
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199693153.003.0008
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental, International

This chapter models the instability of peace agreements, motivated by the empirical regularity with which peace agreements tend to break down following civil war. When war provides opportunities for ... More


A Halfhearted Shuffle: Commitment Problems in Aid Policy Bargaining

Haley J. Swedlund

in The Development Dance: How Donors and Recipients Negotiate the Delivery of Foreign Aid

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501712876
eISBN:
9781501709784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501712876.003.0005
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Chapter 5 provides evidence of commitment problems on both the donor and the recipient sides. Donor agencies and recipient governments must manage competing interests in a complex and ever changing ... More


Diasporas and the Politics of Identity in International Negotiations

Fen Osler Hampson

in The Slippery Slope to Genocide: Reducing Identity Conflicts and Preventing Mass Murder

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2012
ISBN:
9780199791743
eISBN:
9780199919222
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199791743.003.0006
Subject:
Psychology, Social Psychology

This chapter explores the role of diaspora communities in the politics of interethnic bargaining processes in identity conflicts. It explores both the positive and negative impacts such communities ... More


Introduction

Alex Weisiger

in Logics of War: Explanations for Limited and Unlimited Conflicts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451867
eISBN:
9780801468179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451867.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This introductory chapter briefly examines the variation in war duration and severity by unraveling the logic of different causes of war. It utilizes the bargaining model of war, analyzing in ... More


The Development Dance: How Donors and Recipients Negotiate the Delivery of Foreign Aid

Haley J. Swedlund

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501712876
eISBN:
9781501709784
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501712876.001.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

The Development Dance is about how donor countries and recipient governments negotiate the delivery of foreign aid. The book provides a conceptual framework for understanding donor-government ... More


It Takes Two to Tango: Aid Policy Bargaining

Haley J. Swedlund

in The Development Dance: How Donors and Recipients Negotiate the Delivery of Foreign Aid

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501712876
eISBN:
9781501709784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501712876.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Chapter 2 outlines the theoretical arguments of the book. The chapter first provides a theoretical framework for understanding aid policy bargaining between donor agencies and recipient governments. ... More


How Reforms Fail

Johannes Lindvall

in Reform Capacity

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
July 2017
ISBN:
9780198766865
eISBN:
9780191821134
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198766865.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, Comparative Politics

This chapter shows that political decision-makers need to solve two difficult problems when they build support for reforms by compensating losers. First of all, compensation can be economically and ... More


Additional Commitment Problem Cases: The Crimean, Pacific, and Iran-Iraq Wars

Alex Weisiger

in Logics of War: Explanations for Limited and Unlimited Conflicts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451867
eISBN:
9780801468179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451867.003.0006
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter presents case studies of the Crimean War, the Pacific War in World War II, and the Iran–Iraq War, which provide further support for the arguments about situational and dispositional ... More


The Development Dance

Haley J. Swedlund

in The Development Dance: How Donors and Recipients Negotiate the Delivery of Foreign Aid

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
May 2018
ISBN:
9781501712876
eISBN:
9781501709784
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9781501712876.003.0001
Subject:
Political Science, Political Economy

Chapter 1 summarizes the core arguments of the book and introduces the significance of the project both theoretically and practically. The chapter argues that scholars and practitioners too often ... More


The Peace versus Justice Debate Revisited: The ICTY’s Impact on the Bosnian Peace Process

Jacqueline R. McAllister

in Legacies of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia: A Multidisciplinary Approach

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
July 2020
ISBN:
9780198862956
eISBN:
9780191895531
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198862956.003.0028
Subject:
Law, Public International Law

Critics of international criminal tribunals (ICTs) charge that they undermine peace processes. Advocates of ICTs maintain that there can be no peace without justice. There is still much to learn ... More


War to the Death in Paraguay

Alex Weisiger

in Logics of War: Explanations for Limited and Unlimited Conflicts

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
August 2016
ISBN:
9780801451867
eISBN:
9780801468179
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:
10.7591/cornell/9780801451867.003.0004
Subject:
Political Science, Security Studies

This chapter discusses the Paraguayan War of the nineteenth century, in which Paraguay launched an aggressive war against Brazil and Argentina. It argues that this aggressive and risky move emerged ... More


Managing Civil Wars from the Perspective of Their Development

Jaroslav Tir and Johannes Karreth

in Incentivizing Peace: How International Organizations Can Help Prevent Civil Wars in Member Countries

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190699512
eISBN:
9780190699550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190699512.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

After surveying the literature on the causes, consequences, and management of civil wars, we argue that novel ways of examining civil war management are needed. We advocate for a developmental view ... More


Bring in the Professionals

Daniel J. Clarke and Stefan Dercon

in Dull Disasters?: How planning ahead will make a difference

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
June 2016
ISBN:
9780198785576
eISBN:
9780191827440
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198785576.003.0003
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Development, Growth, and Environmental

Good planning is based on an iterative dialogue among scientists, bureaucrats, implementers, and financiers about what or who is to be protected, how, and how much it will cost. A good plan will ... More


Mechanisms of Peacekeeping Effectiveness

Lisa Hultman, Jacob D. Kathman, and Megan Shannon

in Peacekeeping in the Midst of War

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
January 2020
ISBN:
9780198845577
eISBN:
9780191880735
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198845577.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter provides the book’s theoretical foundation, establishing that civil war violence results from incomplete information and commitment problems between government and rebel forces. UN ... More


The Interplay Between Civil War Development and Highly Structured Intergovernmental Organizations

Jaroslav Tir and Johannes Karreth

in Incentivizing Peace: How International Organizations Can Help Prevent Civil Wars in Member Countries

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780190699512
eISBN:
9780190699550
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190699512.003.0003
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

This chapter defines highly structured intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) and examines their temporal and spatial evolution. It then describes the role that these organizations can play during ... More


The Economic Origins of the “War on Terror”

Navin A. Bapat

in Monsters to Destroy: Understanding the War on Terror

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
April 2020
ISBN:
9780190061456
eISBN:
9780190061494
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190061456.003.0002
Subject:
Political Science, International Relations and Politics

The U.S. was in a position of economic and military hegemony after World War II. However, by the early 1970s, the U.S. dollar depreciated following President Richard Nixon’s abandonment of the gold ... More


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