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Commercial Speech

ERIC BARENDT

in Freedom of Speech

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780199225811
eISBN:
9780191714139
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199225811.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter argues that the case for free speech coverage of commercial speech in general, and advertising in particular, is weak. The best argument derives from the interests of consumers in ... More


Commercial Speech and the Twilight Zone of Viewpoint Discrimination

Martin H. Redish

in The Adversary First Amendment: Free Expression and the Foundations of American Democracy

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780804772150
eISBN:
9780804786348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:
10.11126/stanford/9780804772150.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter applies the theory of adversary democracy to a concrete area of First Amendment doctrine, commercial speech. It explains how the communitarian theorists' rejection of protection of ... More


Commercial Speech in the United States 1900–76

Roger A. Shiner

in Freedom of Commercial Expression

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198262619
eISBN:
9780191682353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198262619.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter examines the institutional history of constitutional protection for freedom of expression in the United States from 1900 to 1976. The discussion includes the landmark case of Virginia ... More


Why FDA’s Ban on Off-Label Promotion Violates the First Amendment: A Study in the Values of Commercial Speech Protection

Coleen Klasmeier and Martin H. Redish

in FDA in the Twenty-First Century: The Challenges of Regulating Drugs and New Technologies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171182
eISBN:
9780231540070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171182.003.0016
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

This chapter explains why, given the fact that off-label use of prescription drugs is itself a purely legal activity, the prohibition on off-label promotion contravenes core notions of free ... More


Commercial Speech in the United States 1976–2002

Roger A. Shiner

in Freedom of Commercial Expression

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198262619
eISBN:
9780191682353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198262619.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The United States Supreme Court was not slow to apply the new doctrine of constitutional protection for commercial speech, albeit in somewhat of a tentative manner. Linmark concerned a township's ... More


The Importance of Theory Determined

Roger A. Shiner

in Freedom of Commercial Expression

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198262619
eISBN:
9780191682353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198262619.003.0018
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

Theorists and courts have thought commercial expression or commercial speech to be covered by a principle of freedom of expression or freedom of speech in large part because commercial ... More


Introduction

Roger A. Shiner

in Freedom of Commercial Expression

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198262619
eISBN:
9780191682353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198262619.003.0009
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This book is concerned with the commercial expression doctrine or the commercial speech doctrine. This doctrine is the thesis that so-called commercial expression (commercial advertising, for ... More


Prospects for Regulation of Off-Label Drug Promotion in an Era of Expanding Commercial Speech Protection

Aaron S. Kesselheim and Michelle M. Mello

in FDA in the Twenty-First Century: The Challenges of Regulating Drugs and New Technologies

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780231171182
eISBN:
9780231540070
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231171182.003.0014
Subject:
Law, Medical Law

The FDA prevents prescription drug manufacturers from directly promoting their products for uses that the FDA has not validated (“off-label” uses), but in the recent case of United States v. Caronia, ... More


Conclusion

Roger A. Shiner

in Freedom of Commercial Expression

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198262619
eISBN:
9780191682353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198262619.003.0015
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

It is necessary to take the array of arguments for the commercial expression doctrine that emerge from the court cases cited in the previous chapters and assess their cogency. The arguments make many ... More


The Conceptual Background

Roger A. Shiner

in Freedom of Commercial Expression

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198262619
eISBN:
9780191682353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198262619.003.0017
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The remainder of this book is devoted to defending its primary normative claim, the claim that the commercial expression doctrine has no sound theoretical foundation in political morality. It ... More


IMPLICIT PROPORTIONALITY PRINCIPLES IN AMERICAN STANDARDS OF CONSTITUTIONAL REVIEW

E. Thomas Sullivan and Richard S. Frase

in Proportionality Principles in American Law: Controlling Excessive Government Actions

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780195324938
eISBN:
9780199869411
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195324938.003.0004
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter analyzes the Supreme Court's general substantive standards of constitutional review. The chapter discusses the presence of implicit proportionality principles within each standard. The ... More


The Supreme Court in the Era of Bifurcated Review V: Free Speech Cases

G. Edward White

in Law in American History, Volume III: 1930-2000

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780190634940
eISBN:
9780190940348
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190634940.003.0012
Subject:
Law, Legal History, Constitutional and Administrative Law

Of all the areas of twentieth-century constitutional jurisprudence, that of free speech has had the most dramatic transformation. From a state of insignificance, the First Amendment has been applied ... More


Lenient Standards of Review

Marius Emberland

in The Human Rights of Companies: Exploring the Structure of ECHR Protection

Published in print:
2006
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780199289837
eISBN:
9780191700545
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199289837.003.0005
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter considers the standard of review applied by the European Court of Human Rights when it assesses the violability of governmental regulation that interferes with private business activity ... More


Hearers’ Rights

Roger A. Shiner

in Freedom of Commercial Expression

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198262619
eISBN:
9780191682353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198262619.003.0021
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

This chapter explores proposed justifications for the commercial expression doctrine based on the idea that the corporation whose expression is regulated or restricted has a derived autonomy right of ... More


Retrospect and Prospect

Roger A. Shiner

in Freedom of Commercial Expression

Published in print:
2003
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780198262619
eISBN:
9780191682353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198262619.003.0026
Subject:
Law, Human Rights and Immigration

The U.S. Supreme Court decision in Virginia Board is central to the whole enterprise, in that not only the U.S. Supreme Court itself but courts in Canada, including the Supreme Court of Canada, and ... More


Fair and Balanced: Regulations of Political Dissent and Commercial Profit

Gregory P. Magarian

in Managed Speech: The Roberts Court's First Amendment

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
March 2017
ISBN:
9780190466794
eISBN:
9780190466824
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190466794.003.0002
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter covers the more common First Amendment technique of balancing speech interests against government regulatory interests. Here the Roberts Court has reached divergent outcomes in two major ... More


Frankenfood Free: Consumer Sovereignty, Federal Regulation, and Industry Control in Marketing and Choosing Food in the United States

Thomas O. McGarity

in Labeling Genetically Modified Food: The Philosophical and Legal Debate

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
January 2008
ISBN:
9780195326864
eISBN:
9780199870325
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195326864.003.0008
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

This chapter explores the legal issues raised by the ongoing debates over whether foods containing genetically modified materials should, or even may, contain labels informing consumers of that fact. ... More


Corporate Governance beyond Economics

Elizabeth Pollman

in The Corporate Contract in Changing Times: Is the Law Keeping Up?

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
September 2019
ISBN:
9780226599403
eISBN:
9780226599540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226599540.003.0008
Subject:
Law, Company and Commercial Law

In recent years, changes to state and federal law have increased pressure on corporate law to serve as an ordering mechanism for interests and values beyond economics. On the federal front, two U.S. ... More


Free Speech Categories in the Digital Age

Ashutosh Bhagwat

in Free Speech in the Digital Age

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
March 2019
ISBN:
9780190883591
eISBN:
9780190883638
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190883591.003.0006
Subject:
Philosophy, Moral Philosophy

Modern free speech law in liberal democracies is oriented around some basic, categorical distinctions. This chapter examines four such categories: speech versus conduct (speech generally receives far ... More


The Meaning of ‘Speech and Expression’

Gautam Bhatia

in Offend, Shock, or Disturb: Free Speech under the Indian Constitution

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
April 2016
ISBN:
9780199460878
eISBN:
9780199086351
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199460878.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law

This chapter discusses the scope of Article 19(1)(a)’s freedom of ‘speech and expression’. It commences with an analysis of the Court’s shifting position on commercial speech, and the tensions it has ... More


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