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How Commercial Bankers Discovered Consumer Credit: The Federal Housing Administration and Personal Loan Departments, 1934–1938

Louis Hyman

in Debtor Nation: The History of America in Red Ink

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691140681
eISBN:
9781400838400
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691140681.003.0004
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

This chapter focuses on personal loan departments. On May 4, 1928, National City Bank opened the nation's first personal loan department. Curiously, despite the popularity of the department and ... More


The Demise of Small Firms in Britain

Francesca Carnevali

in Europe's Advantage: Banks and Small Firms in Britain, France, Germany, and Italy since 1918

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2006
ISBN:
9780199257393
eISBN:
9780191603846
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0199257396.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter analyses the reasons behind the decline of small firms in Britain after 1945. It explores the politics behind industrial concentration by looking at the attitude towards small firms of ... More


Competitive Strategies in European Banking

Jordi Canals

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198773504
eISBN:
9780191695322
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198773504.001.0001
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This book integrates both the changing structure of the commercial banking industry in Europe and the strategic implications of these changes. It begins by concentrating on the economics of banking, ... More


Portuguese Banking in the Inter‐War Period

Jaime Reis

in Banking, Currency, and Finance in Europe Between the Wars

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288039
eISBN:
9780191596230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288034.003.0020
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Economic History

Portugal was still a relatively poor country at the end of the First World War, and its banking system was small and undeveloped. The public viewed the commercial banks with suspicion, and growth of ... More


The Internationalization of Banking

Jordi Canals

in Universal Banking: International Comparisons and Theoretical Perspectives

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198775065
eISBN:
9780191695353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198775065.003.0009
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, Strategy

This chapter analyzes the globalization process of the financial system and the internationalization strategies followed by some financial organizations. Bank internationalization occurs for certain ... More


The 1980s Crisis in Syndicated Bank Lending to Sovereigns and the Sequence of Mechanisms to Fix it

Luis Jorge Garay Salamanca

in Overcoming Developing Country Debt Crises

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199578788
eISBN:
9780191723049
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578788.003.0005
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter looks back to the 1980s and at how the international community addressed the debt crises of countries that were primarily indebted to international commercial banks. It describes how the ... More


Commercial Banking in Britain Between the Wars

Forrest Capie

in Banking, Currency, and Finance in Europe Between the Wars

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288039
eISBN:
9780191596230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288034.003.0016
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Economic History

Britain had a highly developed financial sector and the salient features of banking in the inter‐war period included an experienced central bank and a small number of large, financially stable, ... More


Money and Banking in the Irish Free State, 1921–1939

Cormac Ó Gráda

in Banking, Currency, and Finance in Europe Between the Wars

Published in print:
1995
Published Online:
November 2003
ISBN:
9780198288039
eISBN:
9780191596230
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/0198288034.003.0017
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Economic History

The years following the creation of an independent Irish Free State were a formative period for the Irish banking system. The Bank of Ireland adapted slowly but effectively to the new situation, but ... More


Universal banks, specialized banks and the regulation of financial services

Jordi Canals

in Universal Banking: International Comparisons and Theoretical Perspectives

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198775065
eISBN:
9780191695353
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198775065.003.0011
Subject:
Business and Management, Finance, Accounting, and Banking, Strategy

This chapter discusses the challenges that the financial regulators of industrial nations now face as a result of financial innovation and changes in the strategy of financial intermediaries. ... More


Background Considerations to a Re‐Regulation of the US Financial System: Third Time a Charm? Or Strike Three?

Jan Kregel

in Time for a Visible Hand: Lessons from the 2008 World Financial Crisis

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199578801
eISBN:
9780191723285
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199578801.003.0004
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Macro- and Monetary Economics, Financial Economics

Kregel's chapter notes that the United States financial system is currently undergoing its third episode of major financial turmoil and response in the form of financial re‐regulation. The first was ... More


Global Banking

Roy C. Smith, Ingo Walter, and Gayle DeLong

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780195335934
eISBN:
9780199932146
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195335934.001.0001
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic Systems

Few sectors of the global economy have experienced the dynamic and structural change that has occurred over the past several decades in banking and financial services, or as much turbulence and ... More


The Evolution of the European Banking Industry: An Overview

Jordi Canals

in Competitive Strategies in European Banking

Published in print:
1994
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198773504
eISBN:
9780191695322
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198773504.003.0003
Subject:
Business and Management, Strategy, Finance, Accounting, and Banking

This chapter provides an overview of the situation in the banking industries of the five European countries analysed in this study: Germany, Spain, France, the United Kingdom, and Italy. It examines ... More


Financial Intermediation

Peter Temin

in The Roman Market Economy

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
October 2017
ISBN:
9780691147680
eISBN:
9781400845422
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:
10.23943/princeton/9780691147680.003.0008
Subject:
History, Ancient History / Archaeology

This chapter deals with the mobility of capital. Romans made many investments in agriculture, cities, and roads, all of which are capital. They accumulated the needed capital with the help of Roman ... More


Concentration and Cronyism: Commercial Banking in Rio De Janeiro

William R. Summerhill

in Inglorious Revolution: Political Institutions, Sovereign Debt, and Financial Underdevelopment in Imperial Brazil

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
January 2016
ISBN:
9780300139273
eISBN:
9780300218619
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300139273.003.0007
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Economic History

This chapter focuses on the evolution of joint-stock commercial banking in Rio de Janeiro. It first highlights general issues in the relationship between banking and financial development and ... More


Hang Seng Bank

Stanley S.K. Kwan and Nicole Kwan

in The Dragon and the Crown: Hong Kong Memoirs

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2011
ISBN:
9789622099555
eISBN:
9789882207530
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Hong Kong University Press
DOI:
10.5790/hongkong/9789622099555.003.0004
Subject:
History, Asian History

This chapter chronicles Stanley Kwan's introduction to the Hang Seng Bank, a Chinese bank which was just beginning to expand in the world market. After years of being employed in jobs that were ... More


Driving Forces: Occupation, Financial Access, Education

Robert M. Townsend

in Financial Systems in Developing Economies: Growth, Inequality and Policy Evaluation in Thailand

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
January 2011
ISBN:
9780199533237
eISBN:
9780191594892
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199533237.003.0006
Subject:
Economics and Finance, South and East Asia, Development, Growth, and Environmental

This chapter examines driving forces such as occupation, financial access, and education, both in the contemporary economy and historically. Many industries are concentrated in and around Bangkok. ... More


Capital accumulation

Roderick Martin

in Constructing Capitalisms: Transforming Business Systems in Central and Eastern Europe

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2013
ISBN:
9780199657667
eISBN:
9780191751622
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199657667.003.0005
Subject:
Business and Management, Political Economy, International Business

The philosophy, institutions, values, and practices regarding finance in the four countries—Poland, the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Romania—were wholly different after 1989 from the socialist ... More


Innovation and Evolution: Growth and Control

Martin Shubik and Eric Smith

in The Guidance of an Enterprise Economy

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2017
ISBN:
9780262034630
eISBN:
9780262337540
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:
10.7551/mitpress/9780262034630.003.0010
Subject:
Economics and Finance, Econometrics

In connecting Walras and modern General Equilibrium theory with Keynes and Schumpeter we have confined ourselves to 1-ply games with government and a central bank and initial and terminal conditions ... More


The 18th century architecture of modern money

Christine Desan

in Making Money: Coin, Currency, and the Coming of Capitalism

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
January 2015
ISBN:
9780198709572
eISBN:
9780191779800
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198709572.003.0011
Subject:
Law, Legal History

During the 18th century, the English erected the basic structure of modern money. Beginning with the Great Recoinage, the government committed itself to guarantee coin of a certain metal content. The ... More


Small Business Finance and Electronics Spinoff Companies along Route 128

David Koistinen

in Confronting Decline: The Political Economy of Deindustrialization in Twentieth-Century New England

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
May 2014
ISBN:
9780813049076
eISBN:
9780813046983
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Florida
DOI:
10.5744/florida/9780813049076.003.0007
Subject:
History, American History: 20th Century

Steps to improve the financing for small New England companies, together with developments in electronics, paved the way for a burgeoning new area industry. Electronics was a key growth sector in the ... More


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