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Seneca on Comets and Ancient Cometary Theory

Gareth Williams

in The Cosmic Viewpoint: A Study of Seneca's Natural Questions

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199731589
eISBN:
9780199933112
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199731589.003.0008
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval, Ancient Greek, Roman, and Early Christian Philosophy

In Natural Questions 7, on comets, Seneca departs from the influential Aristotelian view that comets are sublunary occurrences. In arguing that they are supralunary, he identifies them as planetary ... More


Lorenzo Bonincontri’s reception of Manilius’ chapter on comets (Astr. 1.809–926)

Stephan Heilen

in Forgotten Stars: Rediscovering Manilius' Astronomica

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2011
ISBN:
9780199586462
eISBN:
9780191724961
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199586462.003.0017
Subject:
Classical Studies, Literary Studies: Classical, Early, and Medieval

This comparison of Bonincontri’s De rebus naturalibus et divinis I.1.474-591 with Astr. 1.809-926 includes Bonincontri’s respective commentaries on both poems. While our humanist imitated Manilius at ... More


Celestial portents and apocalypticism in medieval Ireland

Mark Williams

in Fiery Shapes: Celestial Portents and Astrology in Ireland and Wales 700–1700

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
September 2010
ISBN:
9780199571840
eISBN:
9780191594434
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571840.003.0001
Subject:
Literature, Early and Medieval Literature, Mythology and Folklore

This chapter deals with Ireland from the 7th to the 12th centuries, which represents the oldest literary material from the medieval Celtic world. It shows that a conspicuously biblical paradigm for ... More


Fantasies of Flight

Daniel M. Ogilvie

Published in print:
2004
Published Online:
April 2010
ISBN:
9780195157468
eISBN:
9780199894024
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157468.001.0001
Subject:
Psychology, Cognitive Psychology

Fantasies of Flight invigorates the field of personality psychology by challenging the contemporary academic view that individuals are best studied as carriers of traits. The book ... More


Ice in nature

Victor F. Petrenko and Robert W. Whitworth

in Physics of Ice

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780198518945
eISBN:
9780191707247
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198518945.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Crystallography: Physics

This chapter surveys the many forms in which ice occur in nature. Lake and river ice have characteristic polycrystalline structures and these are different from sea ice. In the atmosphere water ... More


Macrocosm to Microcosm: Reading the Skies and Stars in Fatimid Egypt

Yossef Rapoport and Emilie Savage-Smith

in Lost Maps of the Caliphs: Drawing the World in Eleventh-Century Cairo

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
May 2019
ISBN:
9780226540887
eISBN:
9780226553405
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226553405.003.0003
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cartography

The anonymous author of the Book of Curiosities provides an account of the origins of astronomy and astronomical tables, placing it in the Indian city of Kannauj. This tale merges the biography of ... More


Planetary Order, Astronomical Reform, and the Extraordinary Course of Nature

Robert S. Westman

in The Copernican Question: Prognostication, Skepticism, and Celestial Order

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
March 2012
ISBN:
9780520254817
eISBN:
9780520948167
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of California Press
DOI:
10.1525/california/9780520254817.003.0009
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Attention to the science of astronomy, already so well sustained in the Wittenberg cultural sphere, received an unexpected boost with the dramatic and unheralded arrival of two apparitions in the ... More


Mary Proctor (1862–1957)

Daniel R. Altschuler and Fernando J. Ballesteros

in The Women of the Moon: Tales of Science, Love, Sorrow, and Courage

Published in print:
2019
Published Online:
July 2019
ISBN:
9780198844419
eISBN:
9780191879951
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198844419.003.0021
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics, Particle Physics / Astrophysics / Cosmology

This chapter describes the figure of Mary Proctor, American popularizer of astronomy, and her work to make science understandable.


Impending Disaster

Evelyn Lord

in The Great Plague: A People's History

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
September 2014
ISBN:
9780300173819
eISBN:
9780300206203
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300173819.003.0004
Subject:
History, European Early Modern History

The year 1665 began with winter and there was great snow and frost. Following the thaw in March, there was no rain and by April, there was a threat of drought. As the heat of the summer grew, ... More


Science and the Solar System Over Easy

Neil F. Comins

in The Traveler's Guide to Space: For One-Way Settlers and Round-Trip Tourists

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231177542
eISBN:
9780231542890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231177542.003.0001
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter defines some essential terms, such as "space" and paints the big picture of our neighborhood of space, what is in our astronomical neighborhood, and what places in it we will be able to ... More


Training for Space Travel

Neil F. Comins

in The Traveler's Guide to Space: For One-Way Settlers and Round-Trip Tourists

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231177542
eISBN:
9780231542890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231177542.003.0004
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Chapter 4 discusses training for extreme acceleration and, conversely, for microgravity. Trains travelers on how to deal with emergency situations. Examines everyday situations like going to the ... More


Experiences by Destination

Neil F. Comins

in The Traveler's Guide to Space: For One-Way Settlers and Round-Trip Tourists

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780231177542
eISBN:
9780231542890
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
DOI:
10.7312/columbia/9780231177542.003.0009
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

Using a variety of pictures taken on the Moon, on Mars, and on nearby asteroids and comets, this chapter explores a variety of locations that space tourists might find especially interesting.


The Freedom of Intellect

Roger Wagner and Andrew Briggs

in The Penultimate Curiosity: How Science Swims in the Slipstream of Ultimate Questions

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
March 2016
ISBN:
9780198747956
eISBN:
9780191810909
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198747956.003.0024
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

This chapter focusses on Galileo’s The Assayer, his contribution to a debate that began with the appearance in August 1618 of the first of three comets. These had been observed by the Jesuits of the ... More


“I Resolved to Throw Aside All Manner of Hypotheses … and to Attend Wholly to What the Appearances Themselves Would Teach Me”

Matthew C. Hunter

in Wicked Intelligence: Visual Art and the Science of Experiment in Restoration London

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780226017297
eISBN:
9780226017327
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
DOI:
10.7208/chicago/9780226017327.003.0002
Subject:
History, History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Micrographia (1665) is not only Robert Hooke’s most famous work; it was a totemic project for the early Royal Society of London. Published when its author was not yet thirty years old, Micrographia ... More


On the Possibilities of an Antiracist Racial Worldmaking

Mark C. Jerng

in Racial Worldmaking: The Power of Popular Fiction

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2019
ISBN:
9780823277759
eISBN:
9780823280544
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Fordham University Press
DOI:
10.5422/fordham/9780823277759.003.0010
Subject:
Sociology, Race and Ethnicity

This conclusion synthesizes the main analyses of the book and explores its implications for transforming our conventional ideas about the literary and historical foundations of race and racism. It ... More


Griffith’s Equation: Fracture

Brian Cantor

in The Equations of Materials

Published in print:
2020
Published Online:
September 2020
ISBN:
9780198851875
eISBN:
9780191886683
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198851875.003.0012
Subject:
Physics, Condensed Matter Physics / Materials, Theoretical, Computational, and Statistical Physics

Most materials fracture suddenly because they contain small internal and surface cracks, which propagate under an applied stress. Griffith’s equation shows how fracture strength depends inversely on ... More


Reasoning among the Stars

Joan L. Richards

in Generations of Reason: A Family's Search for Meaning in Post-Newtonian England

Published in print:
2021
Published Online:
May 2022
ISBN:
9780300255492
eISBN:
9780300262575
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Yale University Press
DOI:
10.12987/yale/9780300255492.003.0016
Subject:
Earth Sciences and Geography, Cultural and Historical Geography

In 1831, Francis Baily’s hopes realized when the Astronomical Society was elevated to Royal Astronomical Society (RAS). In the same year De Morgan became honorary secretary, and he, Richard ... More


Later years

I.S. Glass

in Nicolas-Louis De La Caille, Astronomer and Geodesist: South African Astronomical Observatory

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199668403
eISBN:
9780191749315
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199668403.003.0006
Subject:
Physics, History of Physics

La Caille returned to France via Mauritius and Reunion. He was received with acclaim at the Academy, where he gave several lectures on his Cape experiences. He published a map of the Cape which ... More


Some Early Astronomy

David Clarke

in Reflections on the Astronomy of Glasgow: A story of some 500 years

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
January 2014
ISBN:
9780748678891
eISBN:
9780748689286
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
Edinburgh University Press
DOI:
10.3366/edinburgh/9780748678891.003.0002
Subject:
Society and Culture, Scottish Studies

The activities of the first local notable person related to Glasgow astronomy form this chapter. George Sinclair, Professor of Natural Philosophy, is known for his tracts on physics, astronomy, ... More


The Height of the Verne Cycle, 1960–1962

Brain Taves

in Hollywood Presents Jules Verne: The Father of Science Fiction on Screen

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
September 2015
ISBN:
9780813161129
eISBN:
9780813165523
Item type:
chapter
Publisher:
University Press of Kentucky
DOI:
10.5810/kentucky/9780813161129.003.0005
Subject:
Film, Television and Radio, Film

The peak year of the Verne cycle was 1961, when four Hollywood Verne movies were released as well as several imports, along with television originals; never again would so many adaptations be ... More


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